Morphology Data of Parmaturus nigripalatum
Identification keys
Main Ref. Fahmi and D.A. Ebert, 2018
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section oval
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This moderate-sized species is distinguished by the following characters: slender body has soft-velvety skin, where dermal denticles on side and upper body are tricuspidate; coloration of body uniformly plain medium brown; head slightly depressed; snout is relatively short; mouth curved, the upper and lower labial furrows are conspicuous with the uppers and lowers of equal lengths; roof of mouth blackish with darker pores; teeth are mainly tricuspidate with greatly elongate median cusps, about 50 rows in both jaws; origin of the first dorsal fin is posterior to the insertion of the pelvic fins, pre-first dorsal fin is slightly posterior of body mid-length; origin of the second dorsal fin is posterior to mid-length of anal fin base; pelvic fins origin and vent are slightly posterior to midlength; second dorsal fin is slightly larger than first; caudal peduncle is relatively short, pronounced caudal crests on upper and lower anterior caudal fin margins has enlarged denticles; vertebral counts monospondylous centra 42, precaudal centra 90 (Ref. 119153).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Parmaturus nigripalatum

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
preanal 90 - 90


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
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