Morphology Data of Nannoptopoma spectabile
Identification keys
Main Ref. Aquino, A.E. and S.A. Schaefer, 2010
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors
Remarks Male urogenital papilla is elongated; patch of tightly arranged small odontodes on four paired plates between pelvic-fin origin and anus; with soft-tissue flap on dorsal proximal surface of first branched pelvic-fin ray. Female anus tubular, without separate urogenital papilla; the size and arrangement of odontodes on plates lateral to anus similar to adjacent plates, without distinct patch of differentially arranged odontodes (Ref. 84367).

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species is distinguished from its congeners except H. sternoptychum, by the pattern of abdominal plates, consisting of a pair of slender plates posterior to the coracoids followed by a series of 1-3 unpaired medial abdominal plates (vs. 2-3 series of abdominal plates), by having the posterior process of the coracoids strongly curved, the distal tip pointing dorsally (vs. posterior process smoothly curved, with distal tip pointing posterodorsally), and by the absence of basipterygium fenestrae (vs. with basipterygium fenestrae). It is distinguished from H. sternoptychum by the absence of thoracic plates and fewer total lateral plates 20-22 (20) (vs. 21-22 (21)), fewer dentary teeth 20-31 (24) (vs. 21-37 (30)), narrow dorsal interorbital distance with mean dorsal interorbital distance of 58.5 (vs. 63.5), pelvic fin placed more anteriorly and mean abdominal length 12.7 (vs. 15.5), shorter pectoral fin; length not reaching anal-fin origin with mean pectoral-fin spine length 29.8 (vs. 39.3), and by the absence of marginal odontodes (vs. marginal odontodes present in adults longer of 35 mm SL) (Ref. 84367).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Nannoptopoma spectabile

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 25 - 25


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
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