Morphology Data of Ixinandria steinbachi
Identification keys
Main Ref. Rodriguez, M.S., C.A. Cramer, S.L. Bonatto and R.E. Reis, 2008
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Distinguished from most loricariines by total absence of abdominal plates, including the preanal plate. Members of Hartiella and a few species of Harttia also have the abdomen completely devoid of plates, and can be separated from species of Ixinandria by having 12 branched caudal-fin rays (vs. 10 in Ixinandria) and by the absence of postorbital notch, which is present in members of Ixinandria. Members of Crossoloricaria, Spatuloricaria, and Loricaria sometimes lack a preanal plate, but have small abdominal plates. Some species of Rineloricaria have a naked abdomen, but a preanal plate is always present, except in Rineloricaria setepovos which can be diagnosed from other loricariines by the shapes and number of premaxillary teeth. Ixinandria possesses wide and almost symmetrical tooth cusps, and up to 18 teeth in each premaxilla (vs. premaxilla with up to 13 narrow and clearly asymmetrical teeth in other loricariines, except Rineloricaria aequalicuspis which has up to 15 narrow teeth with nearly symmetrical cusps, and some hartiini, which also have many asymmetrical premaxillary teeth) (Ref. 86762).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Ixinandria steinbachi

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Torres, Armi G.
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