Morphology Data of Gymnocranius satoi
Identification keys
Main Ref. Borsa, P., P. BĂ©arez, S. Paijo and W.-J. Chen, 2013
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section compressed
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This high-bodied species is distinguished by the following characters: ratio of standard length to body depth between 2.39 and 2.45; bumpy forehead; the lower edge of eye well above axis of body; caudal fin is shallowly forked, the lobes convex on inner side; scale rows above lateral line 6; pored scales on lateral line 47-50; flanks silvery; scales above the lateral line possess a dark-grey basal patch forming longitudinal rows; scales in the three rows below lateral line in middle of flank also forming darker rows, but basal patch not as dark as above lateral line; snout an cheeks with blue speckles against bronze background, distinctive on fresh and larger individuals, but faint on smaller individuals; blue band joining the nostrils on forehead; the area immediately above eye (supraorbital shelf) forming a distinctive brownish to blackish eyebrow; more or less conspicuous vertical dark bar crossing the eye; dorsal, pectoral, anal and caudal fins are reddish to bright vermilion red; upper lip is reddish to red while the lower lip white (Ref. 107926).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Gymnocranius satoi

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
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