Morphology Data of Garra amirhosseini
Identification keys
Main Ref. Esmaeili, H.R., G. Sayyadzadeh, B.W. Coad and S. Eagderi, 2016
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

<Garra amirhosseini can be diagnosed from its congeners in the rivers flowing to the Persian Gulf by having the breast and belly with very small scales which are fully covered by a thick epidermal layer (vs. naked breast in G. gymnothorax, naked breast and belly in G. mondica or vs. fully covered by normal scales without any covering layer). It further differs from G. mondica by having a predorsal mid-line which is fully covered by scales or embedded scales (vs. naked or with 2-4 embedded scales at front of dorsal fin origin in a few individuals). It can be further distinguished from G. rufa and G. gymnothorax by having usually 7½ branched rays in dorsal fin (vs. usually 8½). It also differs from G. persica by usually possessing 9+8 caudal-fin rays (vs. usually 8+8); from G. rossica by having a fully developed mental disc (vs. reduced) and 16-20 total gill rakers on the first branchial arch (vs. 13-15); from G. variabilis by having a fully developed mental disc (vs. reduced) and two pairs of barbels (vs. one); and from G. typhlops and G. widdowsoni by having well-developed eyes and a brown and silvery color pattern (vs. absence) (Ref. 109570).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Garra amirhosseini

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 33 - 36
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line 3.5 - 4.5
Scale rows below lateral line 3.5 - 3.5
Scales around caudal peduncle 13 - 14
Barbels 4
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 16 - 20


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 10 - 10
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 8 - 8

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Soft-rays   13 - 14
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  behind origin of D1
Soft-rays   8 - 9
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Torres, Armi G.
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17