Morphology Data of Chaetostoma changae
Identification keys
Main Ref. Salcedo, N.J., 2006
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Diagnosis: Distinguished from its congeners by the conspicuously banded dorsal fin; presence of fleshy excrescence on posterior tip of supraoccipital; typically 9 branched dorsal-fin rays (rarely 8 or 10); and evertible cheek plates with 2-4 hypertrophied odontodes. Chaetostoma changae differs from species described from the same drainage as follows: C. breve has 5-8 and C. dermorhynchum 4-5 hypertrophied odontodes on evertible cheek plates (vs. 2-4); C. carrioni does not have adipose and anal fins (vs. presence); C. dermorhynchum has 5 ramified anal-fin rays (vs. 3-4); C. branickii, C. lineopunctatum, C. loborhynchos, C. marcapatae,

C. marmorescens, C. mollinasum, C. sericeum, and C. taczanowskii have 6 infraorbital plates (vs. 7) and first anal-fin ray with 2 or more rows of odontodes along its anterior border (vs. first anal-fin ray without odontodes); C. greeni, C. marcapatae and C. sericeum have a wide interorbital width: 37.048.0% HL (vs. 28.3-32.4% HL) and numerous hypertrophied odontodes on evertible cheek plates: 7-12 (vs. 2-4); branickii has a reduced triangular sphenotic (vs. square); lineopunctatum has dark spots on body (vs. uniformly pigmented); loborhynchos, marmorescens, mollinasum, taczanowskii exhibit rounded papillae on the naked snout (vs. irregularly shaped papillae) and straight hypertrophied odontodes on evertible cheek plates (vs. hooked); loborhynchos, marmorescens, mollinasum, and taczanowskii

lack the longitudinal fleshy excrescence on the posterior tip of the supraoccipital, a fleshy projection on the middle third on the anterior soft border of dentary, and contact between sixth infraorbital and suprapreopercle (Ref. 56969).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Chaetostoma changae

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
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