Morphology Data of Candidia pingtungensis
Identification keys
Main Ref. Chen, I.-S., J.-H. Wu and C.-H. Hsu, 2008
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Diagnosed from all other species of the genus Candidia by the following unique combination of characters: dorsal fin with iii,7 rays; anal fin with iii,9-10 rays; pectoral fin with I, 14 rays ; scales on lateral line 46-50; scales above lateral line 9-10; scales below lateral line 3-4; predorsal scales 19-21; gill rakers 2+6 (total 8); pharyngeal teeth always 1,3,5 -4,4,1; shallow ventral keel on the posterior half of region between pelvic fin and anus; cheek with a series of 3-5 nuptial tubercles on cheek and lower jaw in adult males with 5-7 nuptial tubercles; eye large, eye diameter about equal to cheek depth in adult male; body with a uniform broad, longitudinal black stripe from upper opercle, through mid-lateral to caudal fin base; dorsal side dark grayish, a broad silvery white stripe just above the longitudinal black stripe; ventral side silvery-white; dorsal fin pinkish-red with distal transverse black bars in male; and eye with red-black region on dorsal two-third of eye iris (Ref. 79878).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Candidia pingtungensis

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 46 - 50
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line 9 - 10
Scale rows below lateral line 3 - 4
Scales around caudal peduncle 7 - 8
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb 6 - 6
on upper limb 2 - 2
total 8 - 8
total 44 - 46


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 10 - 10
Adipose fin present

Caudal fin

Attributes forked

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 12 - 13

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Spines     1
Soft-rays   14 - 14
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal
Spines     1
Soft-rays   8 - 9
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Torres, Armi G.
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17