";} } ?> Morphology Summary - Bunocephalus minerim
Morphology Data of Bunocephalus minerim
Identification keys
Main Ref. Carvalho, T.P., A.R. Cardoso, J.P. Friel and R.E. Reis, 2015
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth sub-terminal/inferior
Type of scales

Bunocephalus minerim is distinguished from all other species of Bunocephalus, except B. larai, by the absence of an epiphyseal bar between the paired frontals (vs. presence of the epiphyseal bar at least in adults). It differs from B. larai and other congeners, except B. chamaizelus, by having 9 principal caudal-fin rays (vs. 10) (Ref. 104710).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Bunocephalus minerim

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 34 - 37


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 4 - 5
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes more or less truncate

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 7 - 9

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Spines     1
Soft-rays   5 - 5
Pelvics Attributes  
Position    abdominal
Soft-rays   6 - 6
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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