Morphology Data of Albula gilberti
Identification keys
Main Ref. Pfeiler, E., A.M. Van Der Heiden, R.S. Ruboyianes and T. Watts, 2011
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section compressed
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Albula gilberti is distinguished from A. esuncula by the following characters: the pelvic-fin tip reach the posterior edge of the anus (vs. tip not surpassing the anterior edge); pelvic-fin rays varies from 9 to 12 (vs. always 10); lateral-line scale counts 68-73 (vs. 68-71); and, gill rakers on first gill arch are higher, 4-10 (vs. 3-8). Since only four or nine specimens were examined for A. esuncula, the diagnostic value of the meristic differences between both species and the position of the pelvic-fin tip should not be considered validated yet and be used with caution. Albula gilberti also differs from A. esuncula by diagnostic nucleotide substitutions at 17 different sites in the 544 bp cytb gene segment; the cytb segment corresponds to nucleotide positions 14502-15045 in the complete mitochondrial genome of Albula glossodonta [GenBank accession no. AP002973; phylogenetic evidence suggests that the genome sequenced was actually from A. argentea (= A. forsteri) and not A. glossodonta (Pfeiler et al., 2006)] (Ref. 88068).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Albula gilberti

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales 68 - 73
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 17 - 18
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 8 - 9

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Soft-rays   18 - 20
Pelvics Attributes  
Soft-rays   9 - 12
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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