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Family: Sciaenidae Drums or croakers



(See list of species below)



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286 species in
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286 species

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Scientific Name English Name Distribution Max. Length (cm) Year
Aplodinotus grunniens Freshwater drum North and Central America 95 TL 1819
Argyrosomus amoyensis Amoy croaker Indo-West Pacific 40 SL 1863
Argyrosomus beccus Western Indian Ocean 23 SL 1994
Argyrosomus coronus Dusky kob Southeast Atlantic 200 TL 1995
Argyrosomus heinii Arabian sea meagre Western Indian Ocean 60 TL 1902
Argyrosomus hololepidotus Southern meagre Indian Ocean 200 TL 1801
Argyrosomus inodorus Mild meagre Southeast Atlantic 145 TL 1995
Argyrosomus japonicus Japanese meagre Indo-West Pacific 181 TL 1843
Argyrosomus regius Meagre Eastern Atlantic 230 TL 1801
Argyrosomus thorpei Squaretail kob Western Indian Ocean 71 TL 1977
Aspericorvina jubata Prickly croaker Indo-Pacific 16 SL 1855
Atractoscion aequidens Geelbeck croaker Western Indian Ocean 130 TL 1830
Atractoscion atelodus Small lunate caudal fin croaker Southwestern Pacific 51.5 SL 1867
Atractoscion macrolepis Large scale lunate caudal fin croaker Southeast Atlantic 29 SL 2017
Atractoscion microlepis Small scale lunate caudal fin croaker Western Indian Ocean 35.5 SL 2017
Atractoscion nobilis White weakfish Eastern Pacific 166 TL 1860
Atrobucca adusta Scorched croaker Southwest Pacific 46 SL 1988
Atrobucca alcocki Western Indian Ocean 21.6 SL 1980
Atrobucca antonbruun Eastern Indian Ocean 19.7 SL 1995
Atrobucca bengalensis Eastern Indian Ocean 24 SL 1995
Atrobucca brevis Orange croaker Western Pacific 26 SL 1988
Atrobucca geniae Western Indian Ocean 24.8 SL 1987
Atrobucca kyushini Black-spot croaker Southwest Pacific 25 SL 1988
Atrobucca marleyi African blackmouth croaker Western Indian Ocean 16.2 SL 1922
Atrobucca nibe Blackmouth croaker Indo-West Pacific 45 SL 1911
Atrobucca trewavasae Indian Ocean 21.9 SL 1975
Austronibea oedogenys Yellowtail croaker Western Pacific 20 SL 1977
Bahaba chaptis Chaptis bahaba Eastern Indian Ocean 50 TL 1822
Bahaba polykladiskos Spine bahaba Western Pacific 40 SL 1852
Bahaba taipingensis Chinese bahaba Northwest Pacific 200 TL 1932
Bairdiella armata Armed croaker Eastern Central Pacific 30 TL 1863
Bairdiella chrysoura Silver perch Western Atlantic 30 TL 1802
Bairdiella ensifera Swordspine croaker Eastern Pacific 35 TL 1882
Bairdiella icistia Ronco croaker Eastern Central Pacific 30 TL 1882
Bairdiella ronchus Ground croaker Western Atlantic 35 TL 1830
Boesemania microlepis Boeseman croaker Asia 100 SL 1858
Cheilotrema fasciatum Southeast Pacific 1846
Cheilotrema saturnum Black croaker Eastern Pacific 45 TL 1858
Chrysochir aureus Reeve's croaker Indo-Pacific 30 SL 1846
Cilus gilberti Corvina drum Southeast Pacific 60 TL 1899
Collichthys lucidus Western Pacific 17 SL 1844
Collichthys niveatus Western Pacific 15 SL 1906
Corvula batabana Blue croaker Western Atlantic 25 TL 1860
Corvula macrops Vacuocua croaker Eastern Central Pacific 25 TL 1876
Corvula sanctaeluciae Striped croaker Western Atlantic 26 TL 1890
Ctenosciaena gracilicirrhus Barbel drum Western Atlantic 21 TL 1919
Ctenosciaena peruviana Peruvian barbel drum Southeast Pacific 21 TL 1969
Cynoscion acoupa Acoupa weakfish Western Atlantic 110 TL 1801
Cynoscion albus Whitefin weakfish Eastern Pacific 130 TL 1864
Cynoscion analis Peruvian weakfish Eastern Pacific 47 TL 1842
Cynoscion arenarius Sand weakfish Western Atlantic 63.5 TL 1930
Cynoscion guatucupa Stripped weakfish Southwest Atlantic 50 TL 1830
Cynoscion jamaicensis Jamaica weakfish Western Atlantic 50 TL 1883
Cynoscion leiarchus Smooth weakfish Western Atlantic 90.8 TL 1830
Cynoscion microlepidotus Smallscale weakfish Western Atlantic 92 TL 1830
Cynoscion nannus Dwarf weakfish Eastern Central Pacific 27 TL 1976
Cynoscion nebulosus Spotted weakfish Western Atlantic 100 TL 1830
Cynoscion nortoni hake weakfish Southeast Pacific 40 TL 2001
Cynoscion nothus Silver seatrout Western Atlantic 36 TL 1848
Cynoscion othonopterus Gulf weakfish Eastern Central Pacific 70 TL 1882
Cynoscion parvipinnis Shortfin weakfish Eastern Pacific 69 TL 1861
Cynoscion phoxocephalus Cachema weakfish Eastern Pacific 60 TL 1882
Cynoscion praedatorius Boccone weakfish Eastern Central Pacific 110 TL 1889
Cynoscion regalis Squeteague Western Atlantic 98 TL 1801
Cynoscion reticulatus Eastern Central Pacific 90 TL 1864
Cynoscion similis Tonkin weakfish Western Atlantic 60 TL 1968
Cynoscion squamipinnis Weakfish Eastern Pacific 64 TL 1867
Cynoscion steindachneri Smalltooth weakfish Western Atlantic 110 TL 1889
Cynoscion stolzmanni Stolzmann's weakfish Eastern Pacific 115 TL 1879
Cynoscion striatus Striped weakfish Southwest Atlantic 60 TL 1829
Cynoscion virescens Green weakfish Western Atlantic 115 TL 1830
Cynoscion xanthulus Orangemouth weakfish Eastern Pacific 129 TL 1882
Daysciaena albida Bengal corvina Indian Ocean 90 SL 1830
Dendrophysa russelii Goatee croaker Indo-Pacific 25 SL 1829
Elattarchus archidium Bluestreak drum Eastern Central Pacific 43.9 TL 1882
Equetus lanceolatus Jack-knifefish Western Atlantic 25 TL 1758
Equetus punctatus Spotted drum Western Atlantic 27 TL 1801
Genyonemus lineatus White croaker Eastern Pacific 41 TL 1855
Isopisthus parvipinnis Bigtooth corvina Western Atlantic 25 TL 1830
Isopisthus remifer Silver weakfish Eastern Pacific 36 TL 1882
Johnius amblycephalus Bearded croaker Indo-West Pacific 25 SL 1855
Johnius australis Bottlenose jewfish Southwest Pacific 23 SL 1880
Johnius belangerii Belanger's croaker Indo-West Pacific 30 TL 1830
Johnius borneensis Sharpnose hammer croaker Indo-West Pacific 34.8 TL 1851
Johnius cantori Eastern Indian Ocean 10.2 SL 1874
Johnius carouna Caroun croaker Indo-West Pacific 25 SL 1830
Johnius carutta Karut croaker Indian Ocean 30 SL 1793
Johnius coitor Coitor croaker Indo-West Pacific 16 SL 1822
Johnius distinctus Northwest Pacific 22 SL 1916
Johnius dorsalis Small kob Western Indian Ocean 40 TL 1855
Johnius dussumieri Sin croaker Indian Ocean 40 TL 1830
Johnius elongatus Spindle croaker Western Indian Ocean 30 TL 1976
Johnius fasciatus Asia 14.8 SL 1963
Johnius fuscolineatus Bellfish Western Indian Ocean 14 SL 1923
Johnius gangeticus Asia 12 SL 1991
Johnius glaucus Pale spotfin croaker Western Indian Ocean 30 TL 1876
Johnius goldmani Western Central Pacific 1855
Johnius grypotus Northwest Pacific 13.7 SL 1846
Johnius heterolepis Large-scale croaker Indo-Pacific 15 SL 1873
Johnius hypostoma Small-mouth croaker Indo-Pacific 12 SL 1854
Johnius laevis Smooth croaker Indo-West Pacific 14 SL 1991
Johnius latifrons Broad-head croaker Indo-Pacific 15 SL 1992
Johnius macropterus Largefin croaker Indo-West Pacific 25 TL 1853
Johnius macrorhynus Big-snout croaker Indo-Pacific 30 SL 1976
Johnius majan Majan croaker Western Indian Ocean 15.8 SL 2012
Johnius mannarensis Mannar croaker Indian Ocean 16 SL 1971
Johnius novaeguineae Paperhead croaker Western Central Pacific 9 SL 1950
Johnius novaehollandiae Southwest Pacific 1866
Johnius pacificus Pacific croaker Western Central Pacific 14 SL 1941
Johnius philippinus Western Central Pacific 6.7 SL 1999
Johnius plagiostoma Large-eye croaker Indo-West Pacific 10 SL 1849
Johnius trachycephalus Leaftail croaker Indo-Pacific 13 SL 1851
Johnius trewavasae Trewavas croaker Western Pacific 15 SL 1992
Johnius weberi Weber's croaker Southwest Pacific 14 SL 1936
Kathala axillaris Kathala croaker Indian Ocean 27 TL 1830
Larimichthys crocea Large yellow croaker Northwest Pacific 80 TL 1846
Larimichthys pamoides Southern yellow croaker Western Central Pacific 13.5 SL 1964
Larimichthys polyactis Yellow croaker Northwest Pacific 40 SL 1877
Larimus acclivis Steeplined drum Eastern Pacific 26 TL 1898
Larimus argenteus Silver drum Eastern Pacific 35 TL 1863
Larimus breviceps Shorthead drum Western Atlantic 31 TL 1830
Larimus effulgens Shining drum Eastern Pacific 30 TL 1898
Larimus fasciatus Banded drum Western Atlantic 25 TL 1855
Larimus pacificus Pacific drum Eastern Pacific 32 TL 1890
Leiostomus xanthurus Spot croaker Western Atlantic 36 TL 1802
Lonchurus elegans Blackfin croaker Western Atlantic 32 TL 1948
Lonchurus lanceolatus Longtail croaker Western Atlantic 30 TL 1788
Macrodon ancylodon King weakfish Western Atlantic 45 TL 1801
Macrodon atricauda Southern King Weakfish Southwest Atlantic 46 TL 1880
Macrodon mordax Dogteeth weakfish Eastern Pacific 50 TL 1904
Macrospinosa cuja Indian Ocean 152 TL 1822
Megalonibea fusca Northwest Pacific 143 SL 1963
Menticirrhus americanus Southern kingcroaker Western Atlantic 50 TL 1758
Menticirrhus elongatus Pacific kingcroaker Eastern Pacific 52 TL 1864
Menticirrhus littoralis Gulf kingcroaker Western Atlantic 48.3 TL 1847
Menticirrhus nasus Highfin king croaker Eastern Pacific 52.6 TL 1868
Menticirrhus ophicephalus Snakehead kingcroaker Eastern Pacific 45 TL 1840
Menticirrhus paitensis Paita kingcroaker Eastern Pacific 40 TL 1946
Menticirrhus panamensis Panama kingcroaker Eastern Central Pacific 75 TL 1876
Menticirrhus saxatilis Northern kingfish Western Atlantic 46 TL 1801
Menticirrhus undulatus California kingcroaker Eastern Pacific 71 TL 1854
Micropogonias altipinnis Tallfin croaker Eastern Pacific 90 TL 1864
Micropogonias ectenes Slender croaker Eastern Central Pacific 40 TL 1882
Micropogonias fasciatus Southeast Pacific 1961
Micropogonias furnieri Whitemouth croaker Western to Southwest Atla 60 SL 1823
Micropogonias megalops Eastern Central Pacific 40 TL 1890
Micropogonias undulatus Atlantic croaker Western Atlantic 55 TL 1766
Miichthys miiuy Mi-iuy croaker Northwest Pacific 70 SL 1855
Miracorvina angolensis Angola croaker Eastern Atlantic 128 TL 1935
Nebris microps Smalleye croaker Western Atlantic 40 TL 1830
Nebris occidentalis Pacific smalleye croaker Eastern Pacific 60 TL 1897
Nibea albiflora Yellow drum Northwest Pacific 43.5 SL 1846
Nibea chui Chu's croaker Northwest Pacific 40 TL 1971
Nibea coibor Eastern Indian Ocean and 1822
Nibea leptolepis Small scale croaker Western Central Pacific 22 SL 1918
Nibea maculata Blotched croaker Indian Ocean 30 TL 1801
Nibea microgenys Small-jaw croaker Western Central Pacific 23 SL 1992
Nibea mitsukurii Honnibe croaker Northwest Pacific 75 SL 1900
Nibea semifasciata Sharpnose croaker Western Pacific 24 SL 1963
Nibea soldado Soldier croaker Indo-West Pacific 60 SL 1802
Nibea squamosa Scale croaker Western Central Pacific 65 SL 1992
Odontoscion dentex Reef croaker Western Atlantic 30 TL 1830
Odontoscion eurymesops Galapagos croaker Eastern Pacific 25 TL 1903
Odontoscion xanthops Yelloweye croaker Eastern Pacific 30 TL 1898
Ophioscion adustus Croaker Southwest Atlantic 1831
Ophioscion costaricensis Western Atlantic 1958
Ophioscion imiceps Blinkard croaker Eastern Pacific 25 TL 1882
Ophioscion panamensis Panama croaker Western Central Atlantic 9.1 SL 1945
Ophioscion punctatissimus Spotted croaker Western Atlantic 25 TL 1925
Ophioscion scierus Point-Tuza croaker Eastern Pacific 35 TL 1884
Ophioscion simulus Snub-nosed croaker Eastern Central Pacific 30 TL 1898
Ophioscion strabo Squint-eyed croaker Eastern Central Pacific 30 TL 1897
Ophioscion typicus Point-nosed croaker Eastern Central Pacific 30 TL 1863
Ophioscion vermicularis Vermiculated croaker Eastern Pacific 35 TL 1867
Otolithes cuvieri Lesser tigertooth croaker Western Indian Ocean 39 TL 1974
Otolithes ruber Tigertooth croaker Indo-West Pacific 90 TL 1801
Otolithoides biauritus Bronze croaker Indo-West Pacific 160 SL 1849
Otolithoides pama Pama croaker Indo-Pacific 160 TL 1822
Pachypops fourcroi Guyanan croaker South America 25 TL 1802
Pachypops pigmaeus South America 5.6 SL 2002
Pachypops trifilis South America 18.9 SL 1849
Pachyurus adspersus Brazilian croaker South America 26.4 SL 1879
Pachyurus bonariensis La Plata croaker South America 25 SL 1879
Pachyurus calhamazon South America 8.1 SL 2001
Pachyurus francisci San Francisco croaker South America 29.7 SL 1830
Pachyurus gabrielensis South America 14.6 SL 2001
Pachyurus junki South America 35.5 TL 2000
Pachyurus paucirastrus South America 14.8 SL 1983
Pachyurus schomburgkii Amazon croaker South America 20.9 SL 1860
Pachyurus squamipennis South America 29.1 SL 1831
Pachyurus stewarti South America 19.2 SL 2002
Panna heterolepis Hooghly croaker Indian Ocean 21.4 SL 1977
Panna microdon Panna croaker Western Central Pacific 30 SL 1849
Panna perarmatus Armour croaker Western Central Pacific 50 SL 1926
Paralonchurus brasiliensis Banded croaker Western Atlantic 30 TL 1875
Paralonchurus dumerilii Suco croaker Eastern Pacific 45 TL 1869
Paralonchurus goodei Goode croaker Eastern Pacific 35 TL 1898
Paralonchurus peruanus Peruvian banded croaker Eastern Pacific 51 TL 1875
Paralonchurus petersii Peters' banded croaker Eastern Pacific 35 TL 1869
Paralonchurus rathbuni Bearded banded croaker Eastern Pacific 30 TL 1890
Paranebris bauchotae Eastern Central Pacific 2001
Paranibea semiluctuosa Half-mourning croaker Indo-West Pacific 40 TL 1830
Pareques acuminatus High-hat Western Atlantic 23 TL 1801
Pareques fuscovittatus Fusco drum Eastern Central Pacific 20 TL 1912
Pareques iwamotoi Blackbar drum Western Atlantic 1988
Pareques lanfeari Royal highhat Southeast Pacific 40 TL 1947
Pareques perissa Odd highhat Southeast Pacific 30 TL 1903
Pareques umbrosus Cubbyu Western Atlantic 25 TL 1889
Pareques viola Gungo highhat Eastern Pacific 25 TL 1898
Pennahia anea Donkey croaker Indo-West Pacific 30 SL 1793
Pennahia argentata Silver croaker Northwest Pacific 40 SL 1782
Pennahia macrocephalus Big-head pennah croaker Indo-West Pacific 27.8 SL 1937
Pennahia ovata Eastern Indian Ocean 18 SL 1996
Pennahia pawak Pawak croaker Western Pacific 23.2 SL 1940
Pentheroscion mbizi Eastern Atlantic 56 TL 1950
Petilipinnis grunniens South America 27.9 SL 1843
Plagioscion auratus Black curbinata South America 34.6 SL 1855
Plagioscion casattii South America 33 SL 2001
Plagioscion montei South America 28.4 SL 2000
Plagioscion pauciradiatus Western Central Atlantic 1917
Plagioscion squamosissimus South American silver croaker South America 80 TL 1840
Plagioscion surinamensis Pacora South America 70 TL 1873
Plagioscion ternetzi Freshwater croaker South America 39 SL 1895
Pogonias cromis Black drum Western Atlantic 170 TL 1766
Protonibea diacanthus Blackspotted croaker Indo-West Pacific 150 SL 1802
Protosciaena bathytatos Deep-water drum Western Atlantic 42 TL 1975
Protosciaena trewavasae New Grenada drum Western Central Atlantic 20 TL 1975
Pseudotolithus elongatus Bobo croaker Eastern Atlantic 47 TL 1825
Pseudotolithus epipercus Guinea croaker Eastern Atlantic 60 TL 1863
Pseudotolithus moorii Cameroon croaker Eastern Atlantic 50 TL 1865
Pseudotolithus senegalensis Cassava croaker Eastern Atlantic 114 TL 1833
Pseudotolithus senegallus Law croaker Eastern Atlantic 230 TL 1830
Pseudotolithus typus Longneck croaker Eastern Atlantic 140 TL 1863
Pteroscion peli Boe drum Eastern Atlantic 32 TL 1863
Pterotolithus lateoides Bigmouth croaker Western Pacific 50 SL 1849
Pterotolithus maculatus Blotched tiger-toothed croaker Indo-Pacific 45 SL 1830
Roncador stearnsii Spotfin croaker Eastern Pacific 70 TL 1876
Sciaena callaensis Southeast Pacific 1946
Sciaena deliciosa Lorna drum South America. 26 FL 1846
Sciaena umbra Brown meagre Eastern Atlantic 70 TL 1758
Sciaena wieneri Southeast Pacific 1883
Sciaenops ocellatus Red drum Western Atlantic 155 TL 1766
Seriphus politus Queen croaker Eastern Pacific 30 TL 1860
Sonorolux fluminis Estuary croaker Western Central Pacific 8 SL 1977
Stellifer brasiliensis Southwest Atlantic 17 TL 1945
Stellifer chaoi Western Atlantic 9.7 TL 1983
Stellifer chrysoleuca Shortnose stardrum Eastern Pacific 30 TL 1867
Stellifer colonensis Stardrum Western Atlantic 15 TL 1925
Stellifer ephelis Eastern Pacific 1974
Stellifer ericymba Hollow stardrum Eastern Pacific 20.1 TL 1882



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cfm script by eagbayani, 30.11.04, ,  php script by cmilitante, 05/11/2010 ,  last modified by cmilitante, 14/03/2013