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Fish Identification: Find Species


Family: Atherinidae Silversides



(See list of species below)



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71 species in
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Central America
Max. Length 3.3 cm SL
Alepidomus evermanni (Eigenmann, 1903)

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Alepidomus evermanni
[]



Eastern Atlantic
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Atherina boyeri Risso, 1810

Photo by Photo by Otel, V.
 
Atherina boyeri
[Big-scale sand smelt]



Southeast Atlantic
Max. Length 11 cm SL
Atherina breviceps Valenciennes, 1835

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Atherina breviceps
[Cape silverside]



Eastern Atlantic
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Atherina hepsetus Linnaeus, 1758

Photo by Photo by Luquet, D.
 
Atherina hepsetus
[Mediterranean sand smelt]



Eastern Atlantic
Max. Length 8 cm SL
Atherina lopeziana Rossignol & Blache, 1961

Photo by Photo by Freitas, R.
 
Atherina lopeziana
[]



Eastern Atlantic
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Atherina presbyter Cuvier, 1829

Photo by Photo by Østergaard, T.
 
Atherina presbyter
[Sand smelt]



Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 9 cm TL
Atherinason hepsetoides (Richardson, 1843)

Photo by Photo by Graham, K.
 
Atherinason hepsetoides
[Smallscale hardyhead]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 7.2 cm SL
Atherinomorus aetholepis Kimura, Iwatsuki & Yoshino, 2002

Photo by Photo by Allen, G.R.
 
Atherinomorus aetholepis
[Spatular-scale silverside]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 11 cm SL
Atherinomorus duodecimalis (Valenciennes, 1835)

Photo by Photo by Ratmuangkhwang, S.
 
Atherinomorus duodecimalis
[Tropical silverside]



Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 9 cm SL
Atherinomorus endrachtensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Atherinomorus endrachtensis
[Eendracht Land silverside]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 13.3 cm SL
Atherinomorus forskalii (Rüppell, 1838)

Photo by Photo by Bariche, M.
 
Atherinomorus forskalii
[Red Sea hardyhead silverside]



Eastern Central Pacific
Max. Length 9.8 cm FL
Atherinomorus insularum (Jordan & Evermann, 1903)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Atherinomorus insularum
[Hawaiian Islands silverside]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 25 cm TL
Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster, 1801)

Photo by Photo by Greenfield, J.
 
Atherinomorus lacunosus
[Wide-banded hardyhead silverside]



Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 7.5 cm TL
Atherinomorus lineatus (Günther, 1872)

Photo by Photo by Winterbottom, R.
 
Atherinomorus lineatus
[Lined silverside]
No picture found

Max. Length 13.6 cm SL

 
Atherinomorus pinguis
[Narrow-banded hardyhead silverside]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 7 cm TL
Atherinomorus regina (Seale, 1910)

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Atherinomorus regina
[Culion silverside]



Western Atlantic
Max. Length 10 cm TL
Atherinomorus stipes (Müller & Troschel, 1848)

Photo by Photo by Modder, T.
 
Atherinomorus stipes
[Hardhead silverside]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 17 cm TL
Atherinomorus vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Atherinomorus vaigiensis
[Ogilby's hardyhead]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 9.5 cm TL
Atherinosoma elongata (Klunzinger, 1879)

Photo by Photo by Good, P.
 
Atherinosoma elongata
[Elongate hardyhead]
No picture found

Max. Length 10.7 cm SL

 
Atherinosoma microstoma
[Smallmouth hardyhead]



Indian Ocean
Max. Length 5.5 cm TL
Atherion africanum Smith, 1965

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Atherion africanum
[Pricklenose silverside]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 6.4 cm TL
Atherion elymus Jordan & Starks, 1901

Photo by Photo by Shao, K.T.
 
Atherion elymus
[Bearded silverside]
No picture found


 
Atherion maccullochi
[McCulloch's hardyhead]
No picture found

Max. Length 4.7 cm SL

 
Bleheratherina pierucciae
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 5.5 cm SL

 
Craterocephalus amniculus
[Darling river hardyhead]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 8.5 cm TL
Craterocephalus capreoli Rendahl, 1922

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Craterocephalus capreoli
[North-west hardyhead]
No picture found

Max. Length 7.5 cm SL

 
Craterocephalus centralis
[Finke river hardyhead]



Oceania
Max. Length 8.5 cm SL
Craterocephalus cuneiceps Whitley, 1944

Photo by Photo by Good, P.
 
Craterocephalus cuneiceps
[Deep hardyhead]
No picture found

Max. Length 8 cm TL

 
Craterocephalus dalhousiensis
[Dalhousie hardyhead]
No picture found

Max. Length 10 cm TL

 
Craterocephalus eyresii
[Lake Eyre hardyhead]
No picture found


 
Craterocephalus fistularis
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 7 cm SL

 
Craterocephalus fluviatilis
[Murray hardyhead]
No picture found


 
Craterocephalus fulvus
[Unspecked hardyhead]
No picture found

Max. Length 5.2 cm SL

 
Craterocephalus gloveri
[Glovers hardyhead]
No picture found

Max. Length 8 cm SL

 
Craterocephalus helenae
[Drysdale hardyhead]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 7 cm TL
Craterocephalus honoriae (Ogilby, 1912)

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Craterocephalus honoriae
[Estuarine hardyhead]
No picture found

Max. Length 6 cm SL

 
Craterocephalus kailolae
[Kailola's hardyhead]
No picture found

Max. Length 14 cm TL

 
Craterocephalus lacustris
[Kutubu hardyhead]
No picture found

Max. Length 4.3 cm SL

 
Craterocephalus laisapi
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 8 cm SL

 
Craterocephalus lentiginosus
[Freckled hardyhead]
No picture found

Max. Length 7.5 cm SL

 
Craterocephalus marianae
[Magela hardyhead]
No picture found

Max. Length 8.5 cm SL

 
Craterocephalus marjoriae
[Marjorie's hardyhead]



Eastern Indian Ocean and
Max. Length 7 cm TL
Craterocephalus mugiloides (McCulloch, 1912)

Photo by Photo by Good, P.
 
Craterocephalus mugiloides
[Spotted hardyhead]



Australia
Max. Length 5 cm TL
Craterocephalus munroi Crowley & Ivantsoff, 1988

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Craterocephalus munroi
[Munro's hardyhead]
No picture found

Max. Length 10 cm SL

 
Craterocephalus nouhuysi
[Mountain hardyhead]
No picture found


 
Craterocephalus pauciradiatus
[Few-ray hardyhead]
No picture found


 
Craterocephalus pimatuae
[Pima hardyhead]
No picture found

Max. Length 8 cm SL

 
Craterocephalus randi
[Kubuna hardyhead]



Oceania
Max. Length 7 cm SL
Craterocephalus stercusmuscarum (Günther, 1867)

Photo by Photo by Aland, G.
 
Craterocephalus stercusmuscarum
[Fly-specked hardyhead]
No picture found

Max. Length 6.5 cm SL

 
Craterocephalus stramineus
[Blackmast]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 10 cm TL
Hypoatherina barnesi Schultz, 1953

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Hypoatherina barnesi
[Barnes' silverside]
No picture found

Max. Length 6.6 cm SL

 
Hypoatherina celebesensis
[Sulawesi Silverside]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 6.5 cm TL
Hypoatherina crenolepis (Schultz, 1953)

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Hypoatherina crenolepis
[Crenulated silverside]
No picture found

Max. Length 7.6 cm SL

 
Hypoatherina golanii
[Red Sea silverside]



Western Atlantic
Max. Length 10 cm TL
Hypoatherina harringtonensis (Goode, 1877)

Photo by Photo by Johnson, L.
 
Hypoatherina harringtonensis
[Reef silverside]
No picture found

Max. Length 6.4 cm SL

 
Hypoatherina lunata
[Okinawan silverside]
No picture found

Max. Length 5.7 cm SL

 
Hypoatherina macrophthalma
[]



Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 7.8 cm SL
Hypoatherina ovalaua (Herre, 1935)

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Hypoatherina ovalaua
[Fijian silverside]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 12 cm TL
Hypoatherina temminckii (Bleeker, 1854)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Hypoatherina temminckii
[Samoan silverside]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 12.5 cm TL
Hypoatherina tropicalis (Whitley, 1948)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Hypoatherina tropicalis
[Whitley's silverside]



Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 15 cm SL
Hypoatherina tsurugae (Jordan & Starks, 1901)

Photo by Photo by The Fish Database of Taiwan
 
Hypoatherina tsurugae
[]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 12 cm TL
Hypoatherina valenciennei (Bleeker, 1854)

Photo by Photo by Shao, K.T.
 
Hypoatherina valenciennei
[Sumatran silverside]



Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 10 cm SL
Hypoatherina woodwardi (Jordan & Starks, 1901)

Photo by Photo by The Fish Database of Taiwan
 
Hypoatherina woodwardi
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 10 cm TL

 
Kestratherina brevirostris
[Short-snout hardyhead]
No picture found

Max. Length 15 cm TL

 
Kestratherina esox
[Pikehead hardyhead]



Southwest Pacific
Max. Length 11 cm TL
Leptatherina presbyteroides (Richardson, 1843)

Photo by Photo by Good, P.
 
Leptatherina presbyteroides
[Silver fish]
No picture found

Max. Length 7 cm SL

 
Leptatherina wallacei
[Western hardyhead]
No picture found

Max. Length 18 cm TL

 
Sashatherina giganteus
[]



Pacific Ocean
Max. Length 11 cm TL
Stenatherina panatela (Jordan & Richardson, 1908)

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Stenatherina panatela
[Panatella silverside]



Africa
Max. Length 5.5 cm TL
Teramulus kieneri Smith, 1965

Photo by Photo by Loiselle, P.V.
 
Teramulus kieneri
[Kiener's silverside]



Africa
Max. Length 3.2 cm SL
Teramulus waterloti (Pellegrin, 1932)

Photo by Photo by Loiselle, P.V.
 
Teramulus waterloti
[]



71 species

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Scientific Name English Name Distribution Max. Length (cm) Year
Alepidomus evermanni Central America 3.3 SL 1903
Atherina boyeri Big-scale sand smelt Eastern Atlantic 20 TL 1810
Atherina breviceps Cape silverside Southeast Atlantic 11 SL 1835
Atherina hepsetus Mediterranean sand smelt Eastern Atlantic 20 TL 1758
Atherina lopeziana Eastern Atlantic 8 SL 1961
Atherina presbyter Sand smelt Eastern Atlantic 20 TL 1829
Atherinason hepsetoides Smallscale hardyhead Eastern Indian Ocean 9 TL 1843
Atherinomorus aetholepis Spatular-scale silverside Western Pacific 7.2 SL 2002
Atherinomorus duodecimalis Tropical silverside Indo-West Pacific 11 SL 1835
Atherinomorus endrachtensis Eendracht Land silverside Western Central Pacific 9 SL 1825
Atherinomorus forskalii Red Sea hardyhead silverside Western Indian Ocean 13.3 SL 1838
Atherinomorus insularum Hawaiian Islands silverside Eastern Central Pacific 9.8 FL 1903
Atherinomorus lacunosus Wide-banded hardyhead silverside Indo-Pacific 25 TL 1801
Atherinomorus lineatus Lined silverside Western Central Pacific 7.5 TL 1872
Atherinomorus pinguis Narrow-banded hardyhead silverside Indo-West Pacific, widely 13.6 SL 1803
Atherinomorus regina Culion silverside Western Pacific 7 TL 1910
Atherinomorus stipes Hardhead silverside Western Atlantic 10 TL 1848
Atherinomorus vaigiensis Ogilby's hardyhead Indo-West Pacific 17 TL 1825
Atherinosoma elongata Elongate hardyhead Indo-West Pacific 9.5 TL 1879
Atherinosoma microstoma Smallmouth hardyhead Southwest Pacific 10.7 SL 1861
Atherion africanum Pricklenose silverside Indian Ocean 5.5 TL 1965
Atherion elymus Bearded silverside Western Pacific 6.4 TL 1901
Atherion maccullochi McCulloch's hardyhead Southwest Pacific 1919
Bleheratherina pierucciae Oceania 4.7 SL 2009
Craterocephalus amniculus Darling river hardyhead Oceania 5.5 SL 1990
Craterocephalus capreoli North-west hardyhead Western Pacific 8.5 TL 1922
Craterocephalus centralis Finke river hardyhead Oceania 7.5 SL 1990
Craterocephalus cuneiceps Deep hardyhead Oceania 8.5 SL 1944
Craterocephalus dalhousiensis Dalhousie hardyhead Oceania 8 TL 1974
Craterocephalus eyresii Lake Eyre hardyhead Oceania 10 TL 1883
Craterocephalus fistularis Asia 1995
Craterocephalus fluviatilis Murray hardyhead Oceania 7 SL 1912
Craterocephalus fulvus Unspecked hardyhead Oceania 1987
Craterocephalus gloveri Glovers hardyhead Oceania 5.2 SL 1990
Craterocephalus helenae Drysdale hardyhead Oceania 8 SL 1987
Craterocephalus honoriae Estuarine hardyhead Western Pacific 7 TL 1912
Craterocephalus kailolae Kailola's hardyhead Oceania 6 SL 1987
Craterocephalus lacustris Kutubu hardyhead Oceania 14 TL 1940
Craterocephalus laisapi Asia 4.3 SL 2005
Craterocephalus lentiginosus Freckled hardyhead Oceania 8 SL 1987
Craterocephalus marianae Magela hardyhead Oceania 7.5 SL 1987
Craterocephalus marjoriae Marjorie's hardyhead Oceania 8.5 SL 1948
Craterocephalus mugiloides Spotted hardyhead Eastern Indian Ocean and 7 TL 1912
Craterocephalus munroi Munro's hardyhead Australia 5 TL 1988
Craterocephalus nouhuysi Mountain hardyhead Asia and Oceania 10 SL 1910
Craterocephalus pauciradiatus Few-ray hardyhead Eastern Indian Ocean 1861
Craterocephalus pimatuae Pima hardyhead Oceania 1991
Craterocephalus randi Kubuna hardyhead Asia and Oceania 8 SL 1934
Craterocephalus stercusmuscarum Fly-specked hardyhead Oceania 7 SL 1867
Craterocephalus stramineus Blackmast Oceania 6.5 SL 1950
Hypoatherina barnesi Barnes' silverside Indo-Pacific 10 TL 1953
Hypoatherina celebesensis Sulawesi Silverside Western Pacific 6.6 SL 2012
Hypoatherina crenolepis Crenulated silverside Western Pacific 6.5 TL 1953
Hypoatherina golanii Red Sea silverside Western Indian Ocean 7.6 SL 2012
Hypoatherina harringtonensis Reef silverside Western Atlantic 10 TL 1877
Hypoatherina lunata Okinawan silverside Western Pacific 6.4 SL 2012
Hypoatherina macrophthalma Western Pacific, from Vie 5.7 SL 2012
Hypoatherina ovalaua Fijian silverside Western Central Pacific 7.8 SL 1935
Hypoatherina temminckii Samoan silverside Indo-Pacific 12 TL 1854
Hypoatherina tropicalis Whitley's silverside Western Pacific 12.5 TL 1948
Hypoatherina tsurugae Northwest Pacific 15 SL 1901
Hypoatherina valenciennei Sumatran silverside Indo-West Pacific 12 TL 1854
Hypoatherina woodwardi Northwest Pacific 10 SL 1901
Kestratherina brevirostris Short-snout hardyhead Eastern Indian Ocean 10 TL 1988
Kestratherina esox Pikehead hardyhead Eastern Indian Ocean 15 TL 1872
Leptatherina presbyteroides Silver fish Southwest Pacific 11 TL 1843
Leptatherina wallacei Western hardyhead Oceania 7 SL 1982
Sashatherina giganteus Asia 18 TL 2011
Stenatherina panatela Panatella silverside Pacific Ocean 11 TL 1908
Teramulus kieneri Kiener's silverside Africa 5.5 TL 1965
Teramulus waterloti Africa 3.2 SL 1932



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cfm script by eagbayani, 30.11.04, ,  php script by cmilitante, 05/11/2010 ,  last modified by cmilitante, 14/03/2013