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Fish Identification: Find Species

Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Pseudochromidae Dottybacks
Subfamily: Pseudochrominae
Genus: Pseudochromis

(See list of species below)



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70 species in
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Indian Ocean
Max. Length 10 cm TL
Pseudochromis aldabraensis Bauchot-Boutin, 1958

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis aldabraensis
[Orange dottyback]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 4.6 cm SL
Pseudochromis alticaudex Gill, 2004

Photo by Photo by Gill, A.C.
 
Pseudochromis alticaudex
[Spotbreast dottyback]



Pacific Ocean
Max. Length 6.0 cm SL
Pseudochromis ammeri Gill, Allen & Erdmann, 2012

Photo by Photo by Malaer, P.
 
Pseudochromis ammeri
[Raja Ampat Dottyback]



Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 7 cm TL
Pseudochromis andamanensis Lubbock, 1980

Photo by Photo by Winterbottom, R.
 
Pseudochromis andamanensis
[Andaman dottyback]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 7.1 cm SL
Pseudochromis aureolineatus Gill, 2004

Photo by Photo by Winterbottom, R.
 
Pseudochromis aureolineatus
[Gold-lined dottyback]



Western Central Pacific.
Max. Length 6.8 cm TL
Pseudochromis aurulentus Gill & Randall, 1998

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis aurulentus
[Yellowlip dottyback]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 12 cm TL
Pseudochromis bitaeniatus (Fowler, 1931)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis bitaeniatus
[Double-striped dottyback]



Indian Ocean
Max. Length 11 cm TL
Pseudochromis caudalis Boulenger, 1898

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis caudalis
[Stripe-tailed dottyback]
No picture found

Max. Length 5.6 cm SL

 
Pseudochromis chrysospilus
[Gold-spotted dottyback]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 3.9 cm SL
Pseudochromis coccinicauda (Tickell, 1888)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis coccinicauda
[Yellow-breasted dottyback]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 4.1 cm SL
Pseudochromis colei Herre, 1933

Photo by Photo by Allen, G.R.
 
Pseudochromis colei
[False Bandit Dottyback]



Western Central Pacific.
Max. Length 2.2 cm TL
Pseudochromis cometes Gill & Randall, 1998

Photo by Photo by Gill & Randall, 1988
 
Pseudochromis cometes
[Commet dottyback]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 6.2 cm TL
Pseudochromis cyanotaenia Bleeker, 1857

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis cyanotaenia
[Surge dottyback]



Western Indian Ocean

Pseudochromis dilectus Lubbock, 1976

Photo by Photo by Hippocampus-Bildarchiv
 
Pseudochromis dilectus
[]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 9 cm TL
Pseudochromis dixurus Lubbock, 1975

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis dixurus
[Forktail dottyback]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 9 cm TL
Pseudochromis dutoiti Smith, 1955

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis dutoiti
[Dutoiti]



Pacific Ocean
Max. Length 6.8 cm SL
Pseudochromis eichleri Gill, Allen & Erdmann, 2012

Photo by Photo by Ryanskiy, A.
 
Pseudochromis eichleri
[Eichler’s Dottyback]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 6.5 cm SL
Pseudochromis elongatus Lubbock, 1980

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis elongatus
[Elongate dottyback]



Pacific Ocean
Max. Length 8.2 cm SL
Pseudochromis erdmanni Gill & Allen, 2011

Photo by Photo by Allen, G.R.
 
Pseudochromis erdmanni
[Erdmann’s Dottyback]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 5.5 cm TL
Pseudochromis flammicauda Lubbock & Goldman, 1976

Photo by Photo by Winterbottom, R.
 
Pseudochromis flammicauda
[Orangetail dottyback]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 7.2 cm TL
Pseudochromis flavivertex Rüppell, 1835

Photo by Photo by JJPhoto
 
Pseudochromis flavivertex
[Sunrise dottyback]



Western Central Pacific.
Max. Length 6.8 cm TL
Pseudochromis flavopunctatus Gill & Randall, 1998

Photo by Photo by Erdmann, M.V.
 
Pseudochromis flavopunctatus
[Yellow-spotted dottyback]



Western Central Pacific.
Max. Length 5.3 cm TL
Pseudochromis fowleri Herre, 1934

Photo by Photo by Gill, A.C.
 
Pseudochromis fowleri
[Philippines dottyback]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 6.3 cm TL
Pseudochromis fridmani Klausewitz, 1968

Photo by Photo by Field, R.
 
Pseudochromis fridmani
[Orchid dottyback]



Indo-Pacific. Philippines
Max. Length 3.2 cm SL
Pseudochromis fuligifinis Gill & Williams, 2011

Photo by Photo by Williams, J.T.
 
Pseudochromis fuligifinis
[Soot-tail Dottyback]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 10 cm TL
Pseudochromis fuscus Müller & Troschel, 1849

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis fuscus
[Brown dottyback]
No picture found

Max. Length 10 cm TL

 
Pseudochromis howsoni
[Howson's dottyback]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 6.3 cm SL
Pseudochromis jace Allen, Gill & Erdmann, 2008

Photo by Photo by Allen, G.R.
 
Pseudochromis jace
[Zippered dottyback]



Pacific Ocean
Max. Length 5.5 cm TL
Pseudochromis jamesi Schultz, 1943

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis jamesi
[Spot-tailed dottyback]
No picture found

Max. Length 3.8 cm SL

 
Pseudochromis kolythrus
[]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 7.0 cm SL
Pseudochromis kristinae Gill, 2004

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis kristinae
[Lipstick dottyback]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 9 cm TL
Pseudochromis leucorhynchus Lubbock, 1977

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis leucorhynchus
[White-nosed dottyback]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 8.1 cm TL
Pseudochromis linda Randall & Stanaland, 1989

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis linda
[Yellowtail dottyback]



Western Central Pacific.
Max. Length 6.3 cm TL
Pseudochromis litus Gill & Randall, 1998

Photo by Photo by Allen, G.R.
 
Pseudochromis litus
[Plain dottyback]
No picture found

Max. Length 8.2 cm TL

 
Pseudochromis lugubris
[Mournful dottyback]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 4.7 cm SL
Pseudochromis luteus Aoyagi, 1943

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis luteus
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 5.2 cm SL

 
Pseudochromis madagascariensis
[Madagascan dottyback]
No picture found


 
Pseudochromis magnificus
[Magnificent dottyback]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 8 cm TL
Pseudochromis marshallensis Schultz, 1953

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis marshallensis
[Marshall Is. dottyback]



Indonesia
Max. Length 4.5 cm SL
Pseudochromis matahari Gill, Erdmann & Allen, 2009

Photo by Photo by Allen, G.R.
 
Pseudochromis matahari
[Sunburst Dottyback]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 4.0 cm SL
Pseudochromis melanurus Gill, 2004

Photo by Photo by Winterbottom, R.
 
Pseudochromis melanurus
[Blacktail dottyback]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 8 cm SL
Pseudochromis melas Lubbock, 1977

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis melas
[Dark dottyback]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 4.9 cm SL
Pseudochromis mooii Gill, 2004

Photo by Photo by Allen, G.R.
 
Pseudochromis mooii
[Mooi's dottyback]



Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 12 cm SL
Pseudochromis moorei Fowler, 1931

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis moorei
[Jaguar dottyback]
No picture found

Max. Length 9 cm SL

 
Pseudochromis natalensis
[Natal dottyback]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 9 cm TL
Pseudochromis nigrovittatus Boulenger, 1897

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis nigrovittatus
[Blackstripe dottyback]



Pacific Ocean
Max. Length 5.0 cm SL
Pseudochromis oligochrysus Gill, Allen & Erdmann, 2012

Photo by Photo by Allen, G.R.
 
Pseudochromis oligochrysus
[Gold-ring Dottyback]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 9 cm TL
Pseudochromis olivaceus Rüppell, 1835

Photo by Photo by Ketabi, R. / S. Jamili
 
Pseudochromis olivaceus
[Olive dottyback]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 12 cm SL
Pseudochromis omanensis Gill & Mee, 1993

Photo by Photo by Field, R.
 
Pseudochromis omanensis
[]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 15.4 cm TL
Pseudochromis persicus Murray, 1887

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis persicus
[Bluespotted dottyback]



Western Pacific Ocean
Max. Length 12 cm TL
Pseudochromis perspicillatus Günther, 1862

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis perspicillatus
[Southeast Asian blackstripe dottyback]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 10 cm TL
Pseudochromis pesi Lubbock, 1975

Photo by Photo by Khalaf, M.A.
 
Pseudochromis pesi
[Pale dottyback]



Western Central Pacific.
Max. Length 8.3 cm TL
Pseudochromis pictus Gill & Randall, 1998

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis pictus
[Painted dottyback]
No picture found

Max. Length 10.4 cm TL

 
Pseudochromis punctatus
[Blackback dottyback]



Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 8 cm TL
Pseudochromis pylei Randall & McCosker, 1989

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis pylei
[Pyle's dottyback]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 9.5 cm TL
Pseudochromis quinquedentatus McCulloch, 1926

Photo by Photo by CSIRO
 
Pseudochromis quinquedentatus
[Spiny dottyback]



Western Pacific.
Max. Length 7 cm TL
Pseudochromis ransonneti Steindachner, 1870

Photo by Photo by Winterbottom, R.
 
Pseudochromis ransonneti
[Karimunjawa dottyback]
No picture found

Max. Length 5.1 cm SL

 
Pseudochromis reticulatus
[Reticulate dottyback]



Indian Ocean
Max. Length 5.5 cm SL
Pseudochromis rutilus Gill, Allen & Erdmann, 2012

Photo by Photo by Allen, G.R.
 
Pseudochromis rutilus
[Red-gold Dottyback]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 7 cm TL
Pseudochromis sankeyi Lubbock, 1975

Photo by Photo by Fenner, R.
 
Pseudochromis sankeyi
[Schooling dottyback]
No picture found

Max. Length 3.5 cm SL

 
Pseudochromis socotraensis
[Socotra Dottyback]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 5.5 cm TL
Pseudochromis springeri Lubbock, 1975

Photo by Photo by Fenner, R.
 
Pseudochromis springeri
[Blue-striped dottyback]



Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 12 cm TL
Pseudochromis steenei Gill & Randall, 1992

Photo by Photo by Fenner, R.
 
Pseudochromis steenei
[Lyretail dottyback]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 3.2 cm SL
Pseudochromis striatus Gill, Shao & Chen, 1995

Photo by Photo by Tanaka, H.
 
Pseudochromis striatus
[Striated dottyback]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 7.4 cm TL
Pseudochromis tapeinosoma Bleeker, 1853

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis tapeinosoma
[Blackmargin dottyback]
No picture found

Max. Length 8 cm TL

 
Pseudochromis tauberae
[Lightheaded dottyback]



Eastern Indian Ocean, And
Max. Length 5.1 cm SL
Pseudochromis tigrinus Allen & Erdmann, 2012

Photo by Photo by Allen, G.R.
 
Pseudochromis tigrinus
[Tiger dottyback]



Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 6.6 cm SL
Pseudochromis tonozukai Gill & Allen, 2004

Photo by Photo by Tonozuka, T.
 
Pseudochromis tonozukai
[Spot-stripe dottyback]



Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 4.3 cm SL
Pseudochromis viridis Gill & Allen, 1996

Photo by Photo by Allen, G.R.
 
Pseudochromis viridis
[Green dottyback]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 8 cm TL
Pseudochromis wilsoni (Whitley, 1929)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pseudochromis wilsoni
[Yellowfin dottyback]



70 species

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Scientific Name English Name Distribution Max. Length (cm) Year
Pseudochromis aldabraensis Orange dottyback Indian Ocean 10 TL 1958
Pseudochromis alticaudex Spotbreast dottyback Western Pacific 4.6 SL 2004
Pseudochromis ammeri Raja Ampat Dottyback Pacific Ocean 6.0 SL 2012
Pseudochromis andamanensis Andaman dottyback Eastern Indian Ocean 7 TL 1980
Pseudochromis aureolineatus Gold-lined dottyback Western Indian Ocean 7.1 SL 2004
Pseudochromis aurulentus Yellowlip dottyback Western Central Pacific. 6.8 TL 1998
Pseudochromis bitaeniatus Double-striped dottyback Indo-West Pacific 12 TL 1931
Pseudochromis caudalis Stripe-tailed dottyback Indian Ocean 11 TL 1898
Pseudochromis chrysospilus Gold-spotted dottyback Indian Ocean 5.6 SL 2011
Pseudochromis coccinicauda Yellow-breasted dottyback Western Indian Ocean 3.9 SL 1888
Pseudochromis colei False Bandit Dottyback Western Pacific 4.1 SL 1933
Pseudochromis cometes Commet dottyback Western Central Pacific. 2.2 TL 1998
Pseudochromis cyanotaenia Surge dottyback Western Pacific 6.2 TL 1857
Pseudochromis dilectus Western Indian Ocean 1976
Pseudochromis dixurus Forktail dottyback Western Indian Ocean 9 TL 1975
Pseudochromis dutoiti Dutoiti Western Indian Ocean 9 TL 1955
Pseudochromis eichleri Eichler’s Dottyback Pacific Ocean 6.8 SL 2012
Pseudochromis elongatus Elongate dottyback Western Pacific 6.5 SL 1980
Pseudochromis erdmanni Erdmann’s Dottyback Pacific Ocean 8.2 SL 2011
Pseudochromis flammicauda Orangetail dottyback Western Pacific 5.5 TL 1976
Pseudochromis flavivertex Sunrise dottyback Western Indian Ocean 7.2 TL 1835
Pseudochromis flavopunctatus Yellow-spotted dottyback Western Central Pacific. 6.8 TL 1998
Pseudochromis fowleri Philippines dottyback Western Central Pacific. 5.3 TL 1934
Pseudochromis fridmani Orchid dottyback Western Indian Ocean 6.3 TL 1968
Pseudochromis fuligifinis Soot-tail Dottyback Indo-Pacific. Philippines 3.2 SL 2011
Pseudochromis fuscus Brown dottyback Indo-Pacific 10 TL 1849
Pseudochromis howsoni Howson's dottyback Eastern Indian Ocean 10 TL 1995
Pseudochromis jace Zippered dottyback Western Pacific 6.3 SL 2008
Pseudochromis jamesi Spot-tailed dottyback Pacific Ocean 5.5 TL 1943
Pseudochromis kolythrus Western Pacific 3.8 SL 1993
Pseudochromis kristinae Lipstick dottyback Western Indian Ocean 7.0 SL 2004
Pseudochromis leucorhynchus White-nosed dottyback Western Indian Ocean 9 TL 1977
Pseudochromis linda Yellowtail dottyback Western Indian Ocean 8.1 TL 1989
Pseudochromis litus Plain dottyback Western Central Pacific. 6.3 TL 1998
Pseudochromis lugubris Mournful dottyback Western Pacific 8.2 TL 2004
Pseudochromis luteus Western Pacific 4.7 SL 1943
Pseudochromis madagascariensis Madagascan dottyback Western Indian Ocean 5.2 SL 2004
Pseudochromis magnificus Magnificent dottyback Western Indian Ocean 1977
Pseudochromis marshallensis Marshall Is. dottyback Western Pacific 8 TL 1953
Pseudochromis matahari Sunburst Dottyback Indonesia 4.5 SL 2009
Pseudochromis melanurus Blacktail dottyback Western Pacific 4.0 SL 2004
Pseudochromis melas Dark dottyback Western Indian Ocean 8 SL 1977
Pseudochromis mooii Mooi's dottyback Western Pacific 4.9 SL 2004
Pseudochromis moorei Jaguar dottyback Western Central Pacific 12 SL 1931
Pseudochromis natalensis Natal dottyback Western Indian Ocean 9 SL 1916
Pseudochromis nigrovittatus Blackstripe dottyback Western Indian Ocean 9 TL 1897
Pseudochromis oligochrysus Gold-ring Dottyback Pacific Ocean 5.0 SL 2012
Pseudochromis olivaceus Olive dottyback Western Indian Ocean 9 TL 1835
Pseudochromis omanensis Western Indian Ocean 12 SL 1993
Pseudochromis persicus Bluespotted dottyback Western Indian Ocean 15.4 TL 1887
Pseudochromis perspicillatus Southeast Asian blackstripe dottyback Western Pacific Ocean 12 TL 1862
Pseudochromis pesi Pale dottyback Western Indian Ocean 10 TL 1975
Pseudochromis pictus Painted dottyback Western Central Pacific. 8.3 TL 1998
Pseudochromis punctatus Blackback dottyback Western Indian Ocean 10.4 TL 1970
Pseudochromis pylei Pyle's dottyback Western Central Pacific 8 TL 1989
Pseudochromis quinquedentatus Spiny dottyback Indo-Pacific 9.5 TL 1926
Pseudochromis ransonneti Karimunjawa dottyback Western Pacific. 7 TL 1870
Pseudochromis reticulatus Reticulate dottyback Eastern Indian Ocean 5.1 SL 1992
Pseudochromis rutilus Red-gold Dottyback Indian Ocean 5.5 SL 2012
Pseudochromis sankeyi Schooling dottyback Western Indian Ocean 7 TL 1975
Pseudochromis socotraensis Socotra Dottyback Indian Ocean 3.5 SL 2011
Pseudochromis springeri Blue-striped dottyback Western Indian Ocean 5.5 TL 1975
Pseudochromis steenei Lyretail dottyback Western Central Pacific 12 TL 1992
Pseudochromis striatus Striated dottyback Western Pacific 3.2 SL 1995
Pseudochromis tapeinosoma Blackmargin dottyback Indo-West Pacific 7.4 TL 1853
Pseudochromis tauberae Lightheaded dottyback Western Indian Ocean 8 TL 1977
Pseudochromis tigrinus Tiger dottyback Eastern Indian Ocean, And 5.1 SL 2012
Pseudochromis tonozukai Spot-stripe dottyback Eastern Indian Ocean 6.6 SL 2004
Pseudochromis viridis Green dottyback Eastern Indian Ocean 4.3 SL 1996
Pseudochromis wilsoni Yellowfin dottyback Indo-Pacific 8 TL 1929



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