List of Freshwater Fishes reported from France
n = 120
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Table 1: 99 species currently present in the country/island (endemic, native, introduced, reintroduced);
Table 2: 0 species possibly present in the country/island (stray, questionable);
Table 3: 21 species demonstrated to be absent in the country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: 120 species reported from the country/island altogether.
Table : 120 .
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Family Species Author Info Occurrence Common names Abundance Max length Maturity Remark Photo
Cyprinidae Abramis brama (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br native  Brème commune (French), Brame (French), Brème (French), Brème carpée (French), Grande brème (French), Plaquette (French), Brème d'eau douce (French) occasional (usually not seen) 82 (unsexed)  Reported from all over France (Ref. 30578). Also Ref. 2163. 
Acipenseridae Acipenser baerii Brandt, 1869 Fr, Aq introduced  Esturgeon sibérien (French), Esturgeon de Sibérie (French)  300 TL (unsexed) 75 SL Introduced and cultured in Bordeaux for caviar (Ref. 46958). Accidentally escaped in the Gironde basin during a storm on 27 and 28 December 1999 (Ref. 51439). 
Acipenseridae Acipenser ruthenus Linnaeus, 1758 Fr not established  Esturgeon de Sibérie (French), Sterlet (French)  125 TL (unsexed)   
Acipenseridae Acipenser sturio Linnaeus, 1758 Fr, Br, M, Pr, Thr native  Esturgeon d'Europe (French), Gaizcata (Basque), Gaizkata (Basque), Garz cata (Basque), Créac'h (Breton), Créach (Breton), Pesciu sturio (Corsican), Sturione (Corsican), Astourion (French), Astouriou (French), Créa (French), Créac (French), Estourioun (French), Esturgeon (French), Esturgeon atlantique (French), Esturgeon atlantique d'Europe (French), Esturgeon baltique (French), Esturgeon commun (French), Esturgeon européen (French), Esturien (French), Esturio (French), Esturioun (French), Esturjon (French), Esturjoun (French), Étrugeon (French), Sturion (French), Esturgeon commun (French), Esturgeon d'Europe occidentale (French)  600 TL (unsexed) 145 Known from the Gironde-Garonne-Dordogne basin (Ref. 26160, Ref. 51407, Ref. 51442) and the Atlantic coast (Ref. 51346, Ref. 51442). It enters the Gironde-Garonne-Dordogne basin for reproduction (Ref. 51439). Juveniles stay in the fresh- and brackish water for one or two years before moving to the marine environment (Ref. 51439). Capture, transport and commerce are strictly prohibited (Ref. 2163, 26160). Considered endangered (Ref. 30578, 74334) and fully protected since 1982 by a government measure (Ref. 51407, Ref. 51439, Ref. 51442). It has been threatened mostly by gravel extraction on spawning ground and unadapted fishing regulations that lead to overfishing (Ref. 51407, 52787). Other threats are the marine catches and the accidental introduction of Acipenser baeri in the Gironde basin (Ref. 51439). Limited regulatory measures have been implemented to protect certain potential spawning grounds, especially regarding extraction of gravel; public awareness campaigns have been carried out among fishermen, administrators, media and the scientific community which resulted to reduced poaching in the Gironde estuary and many fishermen now report accidental catches and put the fish back into the water (Ref. 26160, Ref. 51346, Ref. 51439). Recent assessment of abundance in 1988 for the Gironde population is about a few thousand individuals (Ref. 26160). Also Ref. 11941, Ref. 4645, Ref. 30578, Ref. 51346, Ref. 82476. Status of threat: Endangered (Ref. 74334). 
Cyprinidae Alburnoides bipunctatus (Bloch, 1782) Fr native  Spirlin (French), Ablette de courant (French), Ablette grise (French), Lignette (French), Louvotte (French), Lurette (French), Mesaigne (French), Platet (French), Religieuse (French), Spirlin (French)  15 TL (unsexed)  Present in every great basins except the basin of the Garonne but absent from most of the atlantic and mediterranean coastal rivers except those of Provence where it should have been introduced. Associated to good quality waters but not vulnerable due to its large distribution. Registered in "Annexe III de la Convention de Berne (Ref. 40476). Also Ref. 30578. 
Cyprinidae Alburnus alburnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br, Aq, B native  Ablette (French), Ablé (French), Blanchet (French), Bleue (French), Coureur (French), Garlesco (French), Laube (French), Mirandelle (French), Nablé (French), Nablo (French), Ravanesco (French), Sardine (French), Ablette (French) fairly common (chances are about 50%) 30 SL (unsexed)  Widely distributed (Ref. 30578). One of the most common species in France (Ref. 40476). 
Clupeidae Alosa alosa (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br, M, Ex, Sp, Thr native  Grande alose (French), Saracca (Corsican), Alose (French), Alose vraie (French), Alose vulgaire (French), Coulac (French), Coulaca (French), Coulacqua (French), Coulat (French), Couvert (French), Poisson de mai (French), Sabre (French), Alose vraie (French), Alose vraie(=Grande alose) (French), Grande alose (French) abundant (always seen in some numbers) 83 TL (female) 30 TL Type locality of the lectotype of Alausa vulgaris: 'Paris Market (presumably caught in Seine)' (Ref. 104876; lectotype by Ref. 104885). Known from the Atlantic coast (Ref. 51442, 59043) and all rivers along the Atlantic coast (Ref. 40476), including Loire (Ref. 51442, 59043) and Gironde (Ref. 51442, 59043). More rarely on the Mediterranean coast (Ref. 40476). The lacustrine form has been the subject of pisciculture studies for restocking purposes (Ref. 2196). In "Annexe III de la Convention de Berne" and in "Annexes II et V de la Directive Habitats-Faune-Flore" (Ref. 40476). Game fishing is in full rise (Ref. 51442). Also Ref. 188, 12255. Status of threat: Vulnerable (Ref. 11941, 30578, 74334). 
Clupeidae Alosa fallax (Lacepède, 1803) Fr, Br, M, Sp, Thr native  Alose feinte (French), Alauze (French), Astouna (French), Caluyau (French), Couvreux (French), Feinte (French), Finte (French), Gatte (French), Lacia (French), Loza (French), Pucelle (French), Vérot (French), Alose feinte (French)   50 SL (unsexed)  Type locality of neotype of Clupea fallax: 'Seine à Rouen' (Ref. 457; neotype by Ref. 104885). Known from all rivers along the Atlantic coast (Ref. 2163, 40476), including Gironde estuary (Ref. 40476, 51442), Loire (Ref. 40476), Seine (Ref. 40476), Adour (Ref. 40476), and smaller coastal rivers of the English Channel - Atlantic littoral, notably Charente (Ref. 40476). Becoming rare in Rhine, Rhône and Seine. Still present in downstream waters of Aude and Rhône, probably until Avignon (Ref. 40476). Also Ref. 12255. In "Annexe III de la convention de Berne" and "Annexes II et V de la Directive Habitats-Faune-Flore" (Ref. 40476). Game fishing is in full rise (Ref. 51442). Status of threat: vulnerable (Ref. 11941, 30578, 74334). 
Centrarchidae Ambloplites rupestris (Rafinesque, 1817) Fr introduced  Rock bass (English), Crapet de roche (French), Crapet de roche (French)  27 SL (unsexed)  Established and reported to be frequently fished in Crosne de Marnay, a tributary of the Saône (Ref. 11941). Still reported to occur in the Loire at Digoin and Décize. Occasionally fished (Ref. 30578). Also Ref. 1739, 59043. 
Ictaluridae Ameiurus melas (Rafinesque, 1820) Fr introduced  Poisson-chat (French), Poisson-chat (French)  50 SL (unsexed)  Accidentally introduced into France at the end of the 19th century. Widely distributed. Live transport is forbidden (Ref. 30578). 
Ictaluridae Ameiurus nebulosus (Lesueur, 1819) Fr misidentification  Poisson chat (French), Barbotte brune (French)  53 TL (unsexed)  Introduced for the first time in 1871, at the Natural History museum from where specimens escaped into the Seine (Ref. 2196). Misidentification : the species introduced in France is Ictalurus melas (Ref. 40476) 
Anguillidae Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br, M, Fi, Aq, Thr native  Anguille européenne (French), Anguilla (Corsican), Angèle (French), Anguiello (French), Anguielo (French), Anguille (French), Anguille argentée (French), Anguille jaune (French), Bomarinque (French), Bouiron (French), Civelle (French), Coureuse (French), De la riviere (French), Leptocéphale (French), Margignou (French), Pibale (French), Piballe (French), Pimperneau (French), Pougau (French), Pounchurote (French), Pounchuroto (French), Resso (French), Sili (French), Silien (French), Thaoundella (French), Thaudelo (French), Verniau (French), Anguille d'Europe (French)  200 TL (unsexed)  Known from the Gironde basin (Ref. 51442) and Mont Saint-Michel Bay (Ref. 38302). It occurs throughout France but is diminishing in number. The elvers are being rared in captivity. Also Ref. 6125, Ref. 9988. Status of threat: Vulnerable (Ref. 11941, 30578, 74334). 
Cyprinodontidae Aphanius fasciatus (Valenciennes, 1821) Fr, Br, M, Thr native  Aphanius de Corse (French), Nanu (Corsican), Cyprinodonte (French) scarce (very unlikely) 6 SL (unsexed)  This euryhaline species of Corsica is adapted to lagoon conditions with little oygenation. Its sensitivity to cold limits its geographical distribution to the lagoons and estuaries of the southern and eastern part of Corsica (Biguglia, Diana, Palo and the salt marches of Porto-Vecchio) (Ref. 30578). In Annex II of the Directive Habitats Faune-Flore (Ref. 11941). In "Annexe III de la Convention de Berne" (Ref. 40476). Also Ref. 2163, 26100. Status of threat: Rare (Ref. 74334). 
Cyprinodontidae Aphanius iberus (Valenciennes, 1846) Fr, Br, Thr extirpated  Aphanius d'Espagne (French), Aphanius d'Espagne (French)  4.5 SL (unsexed)  Historical records from near Perpignan now extirpated (Ref. 59043). Formerly present in the south of France (Eastern Pyrénées and Aude) but no longer reported (Ref. 30578). Probably extirpated (Ref. 11941). Also Ref. 2196. In "Annexe II de la Directive Habitats-Faune-Flore" and in "Annexe III de la Convention de Berne". Status of threat: Extinct (Ref. 74334). 
Atherinidae Atherina boyeri Risso, 1810 Fr, Br, M native  Athérine (French), Cornaru (Corsican), Pelagaru (Corsican), Athérine de Boyer (French), Athérine joël (French), Athérine prêtre (French), Cabasson (French), Cabassoun (French), Coubassou (French), Joel (French), Joël (French), Prêtre (French), Siouclet (French), Joël (French), Atherine prêtre (French)  14.5 SL (unsexed) 4.9 TL Occurs along the Mediterranean coast and off Corsica (Ref. 40476); along the Atlantic coast northward to Loire estuary (Ref. 59043). Status of threat: The freshwater population (canal du Midi) are diminishing (Ref. 30578). 
Nemacheilidae Barbatula barbatula (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr native  Loche franche (French), Dormille (French), Schmerlé (French), Loche franche (French) abundant (always seen in some numbers) 16 SL (unsexed)  No angling but caught with gudgeons keepnet ("nasses à goujon"). Present in the lower reaches of the river basins (Ref. 30578). Colonization of small rivers made difficult by human constructions (Ref. 40476). Also Ref. 556, 2163. 
Nemacheilidae Barbatula quignardi (B?cescu-Me?ter, 1967) Fr native  Lanquedoc stone loach (English)  7 SL (male)  Known from Lez to Tech drainages (Mediterranean basin) and Adour and Garonne dranages (Atlantic basin) (Ref. 59043). Status of threat: LC (Ref. 59043).  No picture yet.
Cyprinidae Barbus barbus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr native  Barbeau fluviatile (French), Barbel (French), Barbet (French), Barbillon (French), Barbot (French), Barbu (French), Drenek (French), Barbeau fluviatile (French) fairly common (chances are about 50%) 90 SL (unsexed)  Occurs all over France but is less known in the north and west maritime fronts. Its bony flesh is nevertheless appreciated (Ref. 30578). Also Ref. 1739, 31730. In "Annexe V de la Directive Habitats-Faune-Flore" (Ref. 40476). 
Cyprinidae Barbus meridionalis Risso, 1827 Fr, Thr native  Barbeau méridional (French), Barbeau truité (French), Barbel (French), Drogan (French), Durgan (French), Tourgan (French), Truitat (French), Turquan (French) scarce (very unlikely) 27 SL (unsexed)  Occurs in the tributaries of the Rhône (left river) towards the Massif Central and in coastal rivers of the Mediterranean towards the eastern Pyrénées (Ref. 30578). In southern France, locally forms partly fertile hybrids with B. barbus (Ref. 59043). Under threat because of hydraulic plannings and water intakes. Its biotope has to be protected ("arrêté du 8-12-1988"). Registered in "Annexes II et V de la Directive Habitats-Faune-Flore" and in "Annexe III de la Convention de Berne". Also Ref. 31730. Status of threat: Rare (Ref. 74334). 
Cyprinidae Blicca bjoerkna (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br native  Brème bordelière (French), Blike (French), Brémette (French), Hazelin (French), Petite brème (French), Brème bordelière (French)  33 SL (unsexed)  Most common in the northern part of France, basins of the Seine, the Loire, the Rhône and the Rhine (Ref. 30578). Rare in the Garonne and Brittany (Ref. 40476). Appararently introduced in small coastal drainages of Var (Ref. 59043). 
Cyprinidae Carassius auratus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Aq, B introduced  Carassin doré (French), Carassin(=Cyprin) (French), Cyprin doré (French), Dorade de Chine (French), Poisson rouge (French), Poisson rouge(=Cyprin doré) (French), Poisson rouge (French) occasional (usually not seen) 41 TL (unsexed)  Rare in the wild. Can be encountered in breeding ponds. Often used for laboratory studies on the physiology of reproduction (Ref. 30578). Also used as bait (Ref. 40476). 
Cyprinidae Carassius carassius (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr introduced  Carassin commun (French), Carache (French), Carassin (French), Carassin(=Cyprin) (French), Carouche (French), Carpe à la lune (French), Carreau (French), Cyprin (French), Gardon carpé (French), Gibèle (French), Meule (French), Carassin (French), Carassin argenté (French)  64 TL (unsexed)  Occurs in the northeast, central and southwest France. Is fished with any type of bait. Its flesh is not esteemed in France (Ref. 30578). Under threat because of competition with Carassius gibelio and also because of fluviatile annexes vanishing (Ref. 40476). Also Ref. 1739. 
Cyprinidae Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) Fr introduced  fairly common (chances are about 50%) 35 SL (unsexed)   
Mugilidae Chelon ramada (Risso, 1827) Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Mulet porc (French), Muzzaru neru (Corsican), Gaouta-roussa (French), Meil (French), Meuille (French), Meuille blanc (French), Muge calusse (French), Muge capiton (French), Mujon (French), Mulet (French), Mulet blanc (French), Mulet calusse (French), Mulet capiton (French), Porc-mullet (French), Porqua (French), Porqué (French), Ramada (French), Yol nègre (French), Mulet porc (French)  70 TL (unsexed) 30 TL Type locality of Mugil cephalus var. ramado: 'Nice' (Ref. 46206). Known along the Atlantic and Mediterranean coast and entering the lower reaches of rivers in the southern half of France (Ref. 40476). Also known from the Gironde basin (Ref. 51442) and the Mont Saint-Michel Bay (Ref. 38302). Its flesh is highly esteemed (Ref. 30578). Also Ref. 2804. 
Mugilidae Chelon saliens (Risso, 1810) Fr, Br, M native  Flavetoun (French), Accucu (Corsican), Bayonetta (French), Flavetin (French), Flûte (French), Muga-flavetin (French), Muge muga (French), Muge sauteur (French), Mugon (French), Mulet sauteur (French), Russa (French), Mulet sauteur (French)  35 SL (unsexed) 21 TL  
Cyprinidae Chondrostoma nasus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr introduced  Hotu (French), Alonge (French), Âme noire (French), Aucon (French), Chiffe (French), Écrivain (French), Fera (French), Muge (French), Mulet (French), Nase (French), Nez (French), Seuffre (French), Tunar (French), Nase commun (French)  46 SL (unsexed)  Frequently in the northeast of France and in the basins of the Rhône, the Saône and the Loire (Ref. 30578). Reported to be invasive or introduced in Rhône, Loire, Hérault and Seine drainages (Ref. 59043). Also Ref. 2163. 
Clariidae Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) Fr not established  Poisson-chat nord-africain (French)  150 SL (unsexed)  This species has been introduced for scientific purposes and not released in the environment where it cannot survive the low winter temperature (Ref. 13734). 
Cobitidae Cobitis bilineata Canestrini, 1865 Fr native   10 SL (female)  Found in the Rhône drainage (Ref. 59043). 
Cobitidae Cobitis taenia Linnaeus, 1758 Fr, Thr native  Loche de rivière (French), Dorngrunder (French), Loche de rivière (French)  14 TL (unsexed)  Appears to be limited to the basins of the Seine and the Meuse (Ref. 30578). Ancient records from Ardour and Garonne drainages require confirmation (Ref. 59043). Status of threat: Vulnerable (Ref. 11941, 74334). 
Salmonidae Coregonus albula (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr introduced  Petite marène (French), Corégone blanc (French), Corégone blanc (French)  43 SL (unsexed)  Introduced to Lake Chauvet (Ref. 26211). 
Salmonidae Coregonus bezola Fatio, 1888 Fr, Thr extirpated   32 SL (unsexed)  Type locality: Lake Bourget (Ref. 13696). Should not be considered as a species present in France (P. Keith, pers. com., see Ref. 40476 for the species list for France). Status of threat: Extinct. Disappeared in the 1960s (Ref. 59043).  No picture yet.
Salmonidae Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill, 1818) Fr not established  Corégone cisco (French), Corégone de lac (French)  100 TL (male)  Introduction of this species formed part of an attempt to expand coregonid fisheries throughout Europe but was not successful. Species eventually disappeared (Ref. 6375). Also Ref. 1739, 1974, 13364. 
Salmonidae Coregonus fera Jurine, 1825 Fr extirpated   55 SL (unsexed)  Lake Geneva.  No picture yet.
Salmonidae Coregonus hiemalis Jurine, 1825 Fr native   40 SL (unsexed)  Type locality: Lake Genève.  No picture yet.
Salmonidae Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br native  Corégone (French), Corégone lavaret (French), Féra (French), Lavaret (French), Lavaret du Bourget (French), Palée (French), Corégone lavaret (French)  60 SL (unsexed)  Known from Lakes Léman & Bourget. In "AnnexeV de la Directive Habitats-faune-flore" and in "Annexe III de la Convention de Berne". Its biotope can be protected by the "arrêté de biotope du 8-12-1988" (Ref. 40476). Apparently introduced to Lake Aiguebelette. Status (Ref. 59043). Original population extirpated in Lake Geneva but as offspring of Lake Bourget population are hatched and reared in Thonon (on the shores of Lake Geneva) escapes should be expected (Ref. 59043). 
Salmonidae Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin, 1789) Fr error   54 FL (mixed)  Probably misidentified. See Ref. 40476 
Cottidae Cottus aturi Freyhof, Kottelat & Nolte, 2005 Fr native  Chabot du Béarn (French), Bavard (French), Cabot (French), Chabot (French), Têtard (French)  10 SL (unsexed)  Known from Adour and Nivelle drainages (Ref. 55856).  No picture yet.
Cottidae Cottus duranii Freyhof, Kottelat & Nolte, 2005 Fr native  Dordogne sculpin (English), Chabot d'Auvergne (French), Bavard (French), Cabot (French), Chabot (French), Têtard (French)  10 SL (unsexed)  Known from the upper Dordogne and upper Loire drainages (Ref. 55856). Populations from the upper Lot are possibly conspecific (Ref . 59043).  No picture yet.
Cottidae Cottus gobio Linnaeus, 1758 Fr, Br native  Chabot commun (French), Aze (French), Botte (French), Cabot (French), Chaboisseau (French), Chabot (French), Chabot périalpin (French), Sassot (French), Séchot (French), Têtard (French)  13.1 TL (male)  Occurs with the trout, throughout France, more commonly in small rivers (Ref. 30578). In " Annexe II de la Directive Habitats-faune-flore" (Ref. 40476). 
Cottidae Cottus hispaniolensis B?cescu & B?cescu-Me?ter, 1964 Fr native  Chabot des Pyrénées (French), Bavard (French), Cabot (French), Chabot (French), Têtard (French)  10.5 SL (unsexed)  Known from Garonne drainage (Ref. 59043).  No picture yet.
Cottidae Cottus perifretum Freyhof, Kottelat & Nolte, 2005 Fr native  Chabot fluviatile (French), Bavard (French), Chabot (French), Chabot celtique (French), Têtard (French)  8.5 SL (unsexed)   
Cottidae Cottus petiti B?cescu & B?cescu-Me?ter, 1964 Fr endemic  Lez sculpin (English), Chabot du Lez (French) scarce (very unlikely) 6.4 SL (male)  Occurs in a section 3 km upstream of Lez, a small river in the south of France in the area of Montpellier which is fed by sources of karstic origin. Because of its limited distribution, making C. petiti one of the rarest spcies in France and even in Europe, and the risk of competition with C. gobio, C. petiti is regarded as an endangered species (Ref. 30578). Type locality: sources of river Lez. Also Ref. 55856.  No picture yet.
Cottidae Cottus rondeleti Freyhof, Kottelat & Nolte, 2005 Fr, Thr native  Hérault sculpin (English), Chabot de l'Hérault (French), Aze (French), Tête d'âne (French)  6 SL (unsexed)  Known from three disjunct populations in Hérault drainage (Ref. 55856). Also Ref. 59043. Status of threat: critically endangered (Ref. 59043).  No picture yet.
Cottidae Cottus sabaudicus Sideleva, 2009 Fr native     Known from the mountain tributaries of the upper reaches of the Rhone River in Haute-Savoy district (Ref. 81212).  No picture yet.
Cyprinidae Ctenopharyngodon idella (Valenciennes, 1844) Fr, Aq introduced  Amour blanc (French), Carpe amour (French), Carpe herbivore(=chinoise) (French), Carpe herbivore (French)  150 TL (unsexed)  Theoretically present only in fish culture systems but may occur in certain canals. Does not reproduce naturally in the thermal and hydraulic conditions of the metropolitan rivers. Is produced in hatcheries for stocking in culture ponds and sometimes to control the vegetation in the canals (Ref. 30578). Its introduction is forbidden but encountered in Rhin, Loire, in the low part of Durance, in Sélune and some east rivers (Ref 40476). Also Ref. 2163. 
Cyprinidae Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758 Fr, Fi, Aq introduced  Carpe commune (French), Carpat (French), Carpe (French), Carpe cuir (French), Carpe Koï (French), Carpe miroir (French), Carpeau (French), Carpo (French), Escarpo (French), Feuille (French), Flusskarpfen (French), Karpenn (French), Kerpaille (French), Kerpe (French), Carpe commune (French)  120 SL (unsexed) 25.1 TL Occurs all over France except in the mountainous regions of the Alps and the Pyrénées. Known from Gironde estuary (Ref. 51442). Highly valued by fishermen. Can be fished with various types of bait, both of animal and plant origin. Flesh esteemed in certain regions of France (Ref. 30578). Also Ref. 12228. 
Moronidae Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br, M, Fi, Aq native  Bar (French), Livazzu (Corsican), Ragnola (Corsican), Bar commun (French), Bar franc (French), Bog (French), Brigue (French), Drelique (French), Gutgareo (French), Loubas negre (French), Loubine (French), Loup (French), Loup de mer (French), Loupassou (French), Lubin (French), Luvassu (French), Pigne (French), Bar européen (French)  103 TL (unsexed) 32 TL Known along the Atlantic and Mediterranean coast (Ref. 30578); including Mont Saint-Michel Bay (Ref. 38302) and Gironde estuary (Ref. 51442). Also Ref. 3397. 
Esocidae Esox lucius Linnaeus, 1758 Fr, Br, Aq, Thr native  Brochet (French), Bec de canard (French), Beked (French), Brouché (French), Brouchet (French), Brouchetta (French), Hecht (French), Lanceron (French), Poignard (French), Sifflet (French), Brochet du nord (French)  150 TL (unsexed)  Occurs throughout France. Vulnerable (Ref. 11941) because of the reduction of its natural area of reproduction due to channels built on the waterways (Ref. 30578). Also Ref. 59043. Status of threat: Vulnerable (Ref. 11941, 74334). 
Poeciliidae Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard, 1853) Fr, Br introduced  Gambusie (French), Alevin (French), Gambouse (French), Gambuse (French), Gambusie (French)  4.2 SL (unsexed)  Occurs in the Rhône upstream of Avignon, in all the Cerdagne, in Languedoc-Rousillon, in the région of Biarritz and in Corsica. Used for mosquito control (Ref. 30578). Also Ref. 1739. Also Ref. 556. 
Poeciliidae Gambusia holbrooki Girard, 1859 Fr introduced   6.3 TL (unsexed)  Known from Atlantic coast of France north to Loire estuary (Rf. 59043). The first importations were in Montpellier at the end of 1927. Present in the Mediterranean region, from the Italian border to the Spanish border. On the Atlantic side, it exists in several ponds and coastal rivers (Ref. 2196). 
Gasterosteidae Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnaeus, 1758 Fr, Br, M native  Épinoche (French), Arselet (French), Cordonnier (French), Crève-valet (French), Épinart (French), Épinglet (French), Épinoche à trois épines (French), Estancelin (French), Estranglo cat (French), Spinaubé (French), Spinavaou (French), Stichling (French), Épinoche (French), Epinoche à trois épines (French), Épinoche à trois épines (French)  10 TL (unsexed) 4.5 TL Known from the northern half of France (Ref. 40476), including the Mont Saint-Michel Bay (Ref. 38302). Also known from Gironde estuary (Ref. 51442), Garonne basin (Ref. 40476) and Rhône basin (Ref. 40476). Fished especially by children (Ref. 30578). Populations seem to decrease everywhere in France (Ref. 40476). Also Ref. 4645. 
Cyprinidae Gobio alverniae Kottelat & Persat, 2005 Fr native  Auvergne gudgeon (English)  15 SL (unsexed)  Known from the northeastern part of Garonne drainages (Dordogne, Lot and Tarn drainages) and upper Loire drainages (Ref. 56793). Threats include possible introgression and impact of dams (Ref. 59043). Status of threat: least concern (Ref. 59043).  No picture yet.
Cyprinidae Gobio gobio (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br, B native  Goujon (French), Gofi (French), Gouvin (French), Gouvion (French), Gressling (French), Grougnon (French), Grundling (French), Kress (French), Touret (French), Tragan (French), Troga (French), Goujon (French) fairly common (chances are about 50%) 13 SL (unsexed)  Occurs in all cool and clear rivers of metropolitan France. Known from Rhône and Loire drainages (Ref. 59043). Used as bait for Esox lucius>/i<. Excellent fish for frying (Ref. 30578). 
Cyprinidae Gobio lozanoi Doadrio & Madeira, 2004 Fr native   12 SL (unsexed)  Known from Adour and Nivelle drainages, two rivers flowing to the Atlantic Ocean, bordering the Garonne drainge to the south (Ref. 56793). Also Ref. 59043. 
Cyprinidae Gobio occitaniae Kottelat & Persat, 2005 Fr native  Languedoc gudgeon (English)  13 SL (unsexed)  Occurs mostly in southern France, except the Adour drainage and the uppermost reaches of Dordogne, Lot and Tarn drainages; extends eastwards at least ot the Vidourle drainage, southeastwards to the Tech drainage at the Spanish border and northwestwards to the Charente drainage (Ref. 56793). Status of threat: least concern (Ref. 59043).  No picture yet.
Percidae Gymnocephalus cernua (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br native  Grémille (French), Frash (French), Goujon-perche (French), Grémeuille (French), Greuillet (French), Grimau (French), Kutt (French), Perche goujonnière (French), Roi (French), Grémille (French)  20 SL (unsexed)  Occurs in all the metropolitan fluvial basins. It area of distribution was extended because of the canals (Ref. 30578). Introduced or invasive in west of Rhine (Ref. 59043). Also Ref. 556. 
Salmonidae Hucho hucho (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Fi, Ex, Rstr, Sp not established  Huchon (French), Huchon du Danube (French), Saumon du Danube (French), Huchon (French) scarce (very unlikely) 165 SL (unsexed)  Introduced into the Rhine River (Ref. 30578) and Rhône drainage maintained only by stocking (Ref. 59043). 
Cyprinidae Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Valenciennes, 1844) Fr, Aq introduced  Carpe argentée (French), Amour argenté (French), Carpe asiatique (French), Carpe chinoise (French), Carpe argentée (French)  100 SL (unsexed)  Reported to occur in the Rhine, the Rhône, the Seine and the Loire. Fished little or not at all (Ref. 30578). Sporadically occurs in all open-waters but cannot maintain itself (Ref. 40476). 
Cyprinidae Hypophthalmichthys nobilis (Richardson, 1845) Fr not established  Carpe à grosse tête (French), Amour à grosse tête (French), Amour marbré (French), Carpe chinoise (French), Carpe marbrée (French), Carpe à grosse tête (French)  146 SL (unsexed)  Has established in aquaculture through assisted/artificial reproduction but not in the wild (Ref. 1739). Vector of parasites. Have to be watched (Ref.40476). Also Ref. 13364, 30578. 
Ictaluridae Ictalurus punctatus (Rafinesque, 1818) Fr not established  Barbue de rivière (French)  121 TL (unsexed)  Has established in aquaculture through assisted/artificial reproduction and has not established in the wild (Ref. 1739). 
Petromyzontidae Lampetra fluviatilis (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br, M, Rstr, Thr native  Lamproie fluviatile (French), Châtillon (French), Filtre (French), Flûte (French), Lamprillon (French), Lamproie de rivière (French), Sept-trous (French), Lamproie de rivière (French) occasional (usually not seen) 50 TL (unsexed)  Present in all basins but is presently diminishing in number; very popular but no longer fished because it is becoming rare (Ref. 30578). Known from Rhine (rare), Loire, Gironde-Garonne-Dordogne basin (Ref. 51442). Atlantic Sea Basin: Garonne and Dordogne rivers; Mediterranean Sea Basin: Rhône River (Ref. 89241). Adour river, and very likely in small coastal rivers of Brittany (Ref. 40476). Likely to benefit from an environmental regulation (Ref. 2163). In "Annexe II et V de la Directive Habitats-faune-flore". After the "Arrêté de Biotope, 8 Dec. 1998", its biotope may be protected (Ref. 40476). Status of threat: Vulnerable (Ref. 11941, 74334). Not signaled in the southern part of France in Ref. 59043 (or only extirptaed at the Italian border). Data to be checked. 
Petromyzontidae Lampetra planeri (Bloch, 1784) Fr native  Lamproie de Planer (French), Lamproie de rivière (French), Lamproie de ruisseau d'Europe (French), Petite lamproie (French) common (usually seen) 18 TL (unsexed)  Allier, Auzon, Loire, and Morge rivers (Ref. 89241). Has become rare in the southeast (Ref. 30578). Present and quite abundant in all head of basins but populations can also be decreasing in some areas. Present in the northern and eastern rivers, in Normandy, Brittany, Loire, Charente, Dordogne, Garonne, Adour and some affluents of the Rhône (Ref.40476). Sensitive to anthropological. In "Annexe III de la Convention de Berne" and "Annexe II de la Directive Habitats-faune-flore". After the "Arrêté de Biotope, 8 Dec. 1998", its biotope may be protected (Ref. 40476). 
Centrarchidae Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr introduced  Perche-soleil (French), Achigan à petite bouche (French), Boer (French), Calicoba (French), Perche arc-en-ciel (French), Perche argentée (French), Perche dorée (French), Poisson tricolore (French), Poisson-soleil (French), Crapet- soleil (French) common (usually seen) 32 SL (unsexed)  Introduced and established itself in most rivers of France (Ref. 30578). Known from Gironde estuary (Ref. 51442). Also Ref. 1998. 
Cyprinidae Leucaspius delineatus (Heckel, 1843) Fr, Thr native  Able de Heckel (French), Dos vert (French), Sans mère (French), Able de Heckel (French)  12 TL (unsexed)  Originally from east and central Europe, it could be indigenous to the North and East of France (Moselle, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Seine basin and the Saône). Meanwhile, its situation is poorly known and its actual distribution seems very fragmented. It appears to have colonised the provinces of Brittany (except Finistère) where it is utilised in restocking as fish bait (Ref. 11941). In " Annexe III de la Convention de Berne" (Ref. 40476). Also Ref. 30578. Status of threat: Indeterminate (Ref. 74334). 
Cyprinidae Leuciscus aspius (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br introduced  Aspe (French), Aspe (French) occasional (usually not seen) 120 TL (unsexed)  Occurs in the Rhine up to the Oural (Ref. 30578). Has extended its area (Ref. 40476). In "Annexe II de la Directive Habitats-Faune-Flore" and in "Annexe III de la Convention de Berne" (Ref. 40476). Introduced in the 1990s. Recently captured in the French water of Rhin. Established in many rivers in east of the country (Mathieu Bernard, pers. Com, 31 July 2008). Also Ref. 2163. 
Cyprinidae Leuciscus bearnensis (Blanchard, 1866) Fr native  Bearn beaked dace (English)  28 SL (male)  Known from the Adour drainage (Ref. 59043). Status of threat: least concern (Ref. 59043).  No picture yet.
Cyprinidae Leuciscus burdigalensis Valenciennes, 1844 Fr endemic  Beaked dace (English), Vandoise rostrée (French)  40 SL (unsexed)  Known from Loire to Garonne drainages on Atlantic slope and from Tech to Aude drainages on Mediterranean slope (Ref. 59043). Type locality: Gironde estuary, France (Ref. 26282). Also Ref. 13696. Status of threat: least concern (Ref. 59043).  No picture yet.
Cyprinidae Leuciscus idus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br not established  Ide mélanote (French), Ide (French), Ide dorée (French), Ide rouge (French), Orfe (French), Véron (French), Ide mélanote (French)  85 SL (unsexed)  Is not considered as part of the fauna of France; one finds it only in pisciculture, although occasionally, it is reported in the Rhine, the Moselle and the Ill rivers. It is distributed in the North and East of France; recently reported from the Loire basin (Ref. 11941). Also Ref. 30578. Its biotope has to be protected ("arrêté du 8-12-1988") (Ref. 40476). 
Cyprinidae Leuciscus leuciscus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br native  Vandoise (French), Acourcie (French), Assée (French), Aubour (French), Chevaine vaudois (French), Coucie (French), Dard (French), Gandoise (French), Poinonet (French), Rouzau (French), Sièje (French), Sièjo (French), Vandoise (French) common (usually seen) 25 SL (unsexed)  Common in most regions (Ref. 30578). Absent from extreme south-east and Roussillon. Its biotope has to be protected ("arrêté du 8-12-1988") (Ref. 40476). 
Cyprinidae Leuciscus oxyrrhis (La Blanchère, 1873) Fr endemic  Long-snout dace (English)  40 SL (male)  Known from the upper reaches of Lot, Aveyron, Tarn, and Dordogne (Garonne drainage) (Ref. 59043). Status of threat: least concern (Ref. 59043).  No picture yet.
Lotidae Lota lota (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br, Thr native  Lote (French), Alote (French), Asé (French), Barbotte (French), Bourbotte (French), Moustelo (French), Moutelle (French), Palmo (French), Lotte de rivière (French) occasional (usually not seen) 180 NG (unsexed)  Is not protected by the European or International Convention. Indigenous to the basins of the Seine, the Loire,and the Rhône, and in the lakes of the Vosges (Gerardmer, Longemer, Retournemer) and the Savoie (Annecy, Leman, Le Bourget). The fishing and the eutrophication of the rivers and lakes contribute to its depletion in several regions (Bourgogne, Rhône-Alpes) (Ref. 11941). Originally absent from western France (Ref. 59043). Also Ref. 40476. Status of threat: Vulnerable (Ref. 74334). 
Centrarchidae Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède, 1802 Fr not established  Black-bass à petite bouche (French), Perche d'Amérique à petite bouche (French), Perche noire (French) scarce (very unlikely) 69 TL (male)  Rarely found in natural waters. The conditions of its introduction into France is not well known. Introduced into several regions but is not reported to have established itself in the wild (Ref. 11941, 30578). Also Ref. 1739. 
Centrarchidae Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède, 1802) Fr, Aq introduced  Achigan à grande bouche (French), Achigan (French), Black-bass (French), Black-bass à grande bouche (French), Perche d'Amérique (French), Perche noire (French), Perche truite (French), Perche truitée (French), Achigan à grande bouche (French) occasional (usually not seen) 65 SL (unsexed)  Brought to France at the end of the XIXth century and introduced in several sites but exists only in the east central, southeast and southwest part (Ref. 30578). It reproduced successfully for the first time in a pond in the region of Versailles. It was then transferred to the ponds in Sologne (Ref. 11941). This species, which has established itself, appears to be diminishing. Among the causes are: great vulnerability during the reproductive period because it is not protected by a closed season; poorly implemented legal size at capture; and possibly, an interspecific competition with Zander lucioperca (Ref. 30578). Also Ref. 1998. 
Cobitidae Misgurnus fossilis (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Thr native  Loche d'étang (French), Kerlèche (French), Misgurne (French), Poisson baromètre (French), Loche d'étang (French) occasional (usually not seen) 27 SL (unsexed)  Principally indigenous in the North-East where it is less and less reported. Although considered as rare in France, its geographic distribution is probably underestimated because the areas where it frequently occurs are not well fished and not well sampled. Its benthic habit could also account for its rareness (Ref. 11941). Its biotope has to be protected ("arrêté du 8-12-1988"). In " Annexe II de la Directive Habitats-Faune-Flore" and in " Annexe III de la Convention de Berne" (Ref. 40476). Also Ref. 2163, 30578. Status of threat: Endangered (Ref. 40476). Least concern (Ref. 59043). 
Mugilidae Mugil cephalus Linnaeus, 1758 Fr, Br, M, Fi native  Muge (French), Mulet à grosse tête (French), Mazzardu (Corsican), Cabot (French), Carida (French), Carido (French), Caridou (French), Meuil (French), Muge à groose tête (French), Muge cabot (French), Muge céphale (French), Mugo fangous (French), Mujou (French), Mulet (French), Mulet bleu (French), Mulet-cabot (French), Testard (French), Testu (French), Mulet à grosse tête (French), Mulet cabot (French)  100 TL (unsexed) 31 TL Occurs in the Gulf of Gascogne on the Atlantic coast (rare) and in the Mediterranean where it is more common (Ref. 30578). Also Ref. 683. 
Salmonidae Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum, 1792) Fr, Aq introduced  Saumon coho (French), Saumon argenté (French)  98 TL (unsexed)  Its introduction into France in 1971 was the result of initiatives taken by private fish growers and public organizations. The first captures from the rivers were reported in 1974 following its escape from culture ponds. It is considered as having disappeared from the culture set-ups since 1977. Its non-establishment is attributed to problems with salinity and temperature (Ref. 11941). 
Salmonidae Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792) Fr, Fi, Aq introduced  Truite arc-en-ciel (French), Truite arc-en-ciel (French), Truite arc en ciel (French)  100 SL (unsexed)  First introduced into France in 1884, it was the subject of numerous subsequent introductions for the development of amateur fishing (Ref. 11941). Established only in the basin of the Rhone and in the provinces of Ariege, the Pyrenees Orientales and Cantal. Naturalized in the Alpine lakes such as Lac du Mont-Cenis, Lac d'Ilheou and in Lac de l'Oueil Negre. Also established in the upper drainage basins of the Gave d'Aspe and Gaube, and are said to breed in the Beaumes river (Ref. 13364). Legal minimum size is 23 cm, sometimes 18 cm in the mountains and 25 cm in the lowlands (Ref. 30578). Production in France is said to exceed 50,000 tons/yr (Ref. 30578). 
Salmonidae Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum, 1792) Fr not established  Saumon chinook (French), Saumon royal (French)  160 NG (unsexed)  Its natural reproduction was never established (Ref. 11941, 59043). Also Ref. 1998. 
Cichlidae Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters, 1852) Fr not established  Tilapia du Mozambique (French), Tilapia du Mozambique (French)  39 (unsexed)   
Cichlidae Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br not established  Tilapia du Nil (French), Tilapia du Nil (French)  64 TL (unsexed)   
Osmeridae Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br, M native  Éperlan (French), Concombre (French), Trogue (French), Eperlan européen (French), Éperlan européen (French)  32 (unsexed)  Known from the Gironde estuary (Ref. 51442). It is frequently found in the lower reaches of rivers which empty into the Atlantic and the Manche (Ref. 30578). 
Cyprinidae Pachychilon pictum (Heckel & Kner, 1858) Fr introduced  Épirine lippue (French), Cyprin lippu tacheté (French)  18 SL (unsexed)  Introduced in the late 80's in the Garonne basin and in the Louge and in the Cérou rivers. Occurrences reported in other rivers in the south of France: Auvézère (Corrèze) & Artuby (Var) (Ref. 40476). Introduced also in Var drainage (Ref. 59043). 
Cyprinidae Parachondrostoma toxostoma (Vallot, 1837) Fr, Thr native  Toxostome (French), Ancon (French), Barroulle (French), Bassou (French), Coulaud (French), Dard (French), Libournette (French), Pointu (French), Sarse (French), Sofie (French), Soiffe (French), Souffi (French), Soufio (French), Suiffe (French)  30 SL (unsexed)  Occurs in basins of the Rhône, the Saône and the Dordogne and in some tributaries of the Garonne and the Loire (Ref. 30578). Native in Rhône, Garonne, Adour and most of the mediterranean rivers. Colonized the Loire basin around 1880 and is reported from Yonne (Ref. 40476). In Annex II of the Directive Habitats Faune-Flore (Ref. 11941). In "Annexe III de la Convention de Berne". After rivers planning and Chondrostoma nasus invasion, it has nearly disappeared from the axis Rhône-Saône and only susbsists in some tributary rivers (Ref. 40476). Also Ref. 2163, 32724. Status of threat: Vulnerable (Ref. 11941, 74334). 
Percidae Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus, 1758 Fr, Br, Aq native  Perche (French), Barsch (French), Boyat (French), Brell (French), Cochonnet (French), Hurlin (French), Hürling (French), Jôlerie (French), Perchat (French), Perchaude (French), Perche commune (French), Perche fluviatile (French), Percho (French), Perchot (French), Perco (French), Percot (French), Perche européenne (French)  60 SL (unsexed) 13 Occurs throughout France. One of the most common species. It was traditionally produced in small quantities under extensive conditions together with carp. Tench, etc. There is currently renewed interest on the semi-intensive monospecific breeding of this species (Ref. 30578). 
Petromyzontidae Petromyzon marinus Linnaeus, 1758 Fr, Br, M, Rstr, Lf, Thr native  Lampreda (Corsican), Lamproia (Corsican), Pesciu pece (Corsican), Suchja pece (Corsican), Suttia pesciu (Corsican), Grande lamproie (French), Lamparda (French), Lampré (French), Lampresa (French), Lampria (French), Lamproie de mer (French), Lamproie marbrée (French), Lamproie marine (French), Lamprua (French), Anguille musique (French), Lampre (French), Lamprez (French), Lamproie marine (French), Sept-œil (French), Suce-pierre (French) fairly common (chances are about 50%) 120 TL (unsexed)  Occurs in all large rivers and coastal rivers but its wide area of distribution over France has been reduced because of the dams built on the waterways. It is diminishing in number in the North and the East (basin of the Rhine). In France, it is highly valued for the gastronomique quality of its flesh (Ref. 30578). Known from Rhine (rare), Loire, Gironde (Ref. 51442), Rhône, Adour rivers, and small coastal rivers of Brittany. In "Annexe II de la "Directive Habitats-faune-flore". After the "Arrêté de Biotope, 8 Dec. 1998", the spawning area may be protected (Ref. 40476). Found along the coast of France and down into the Mediterranean Sea (Ref. 89241). Status of threat: Vulnerable (Ref. 74334). Status of threat: Vulnerable (Ref. 11941). 
Cyprinidae Phoxinus bigerri Kottelat, 2007 Fr native  Adour minnow (English)  6.61 SL (male)  Known from Adour drainage in southwestern France (Ref. 75055).  No picture yet.
Cyprinidae Phoxinus phoxinus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br native  Vairon (French), Amarante (French), Arlequin (French), Charbonnier (French), Cippa (French), Cuzeau (French), Garlesco (French), Gendarme (French), Grisette (French), Petit blanc (French), Sprille (French), Veirou (French), Verdou (French), Véricle (French), Voiron (French), Vairon (French) common (usually seen) 10 SL (unsexed)  Common in fresh and cool waters of all hydrographic basins of France. Inroduced in several high altitude lakes (Ref. 30578). Wide distribution in France. Less common in the mediterranean region. Under threat because of the destruction of its habitat, the deterioration of water quality and also because of predators loading (Ref. 40476). 
Cyprinidae Phoxinus septimaniae Kottelat, 2007 Fr native  Languedoc minnow (English)  6.4 SL (male)  Found in the drainages of the Vidourle in the east to the Tech in the west, corresponding to the Mediterranean coast of France west of the Rhône to the Pyreneans (Ref. 75055). Status of threat: least concern (Ref. 59043).  No picture yet.
Cyprinidae Pimephales promelas Rafinesque, 1820 Fr introduced  Tête de boule (French), Tête de boule (French)  5 SL (unsexed)  Also Ref. 1739, 59043. 
Pleuronectidae Platichthys flesus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br, M native  Flet (French), Passera (Corsican), Flet d'Europe (French)  60 TL (unsexed) 25 TL Known from the littoral Atlantic and Manch, entering the Loire and the rivers of Normandy (Ref. 30578). Also known from the Gironde estuary (Ref. 51442) and the Mont Saint-Michel Bay (Ref. 38302). Its distribution area has strongly decreased because of obstacles to its migration (Ref. 40476). Used as a sentinel for estuarians areas because of its survey in low quality water (Ref. 40476). Also Ref. 173. 
Cyprinidae Protochondrostoma genei (Bonaparte, 1839) Fr error   20 SL (unsexed)  Var and Rhone rivers (Ref. 556). Wrongly reported. This species is present in Italy (Ref. 13696) 
Cyprinidae Pseudorasbora parva (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846) Fr introduced  Pseudorasbora (French)  12 SL (female)  Widely distributed in the Rhône, the Loire and the Seine (Ref. 30578). Intentionally introduced as food for predatory fishes reared in hatcheries (Ref. 97733). Is considered a pest in culture ponds where it competes with cultured species like Cyprinus carpio. (Ref. 30578). No scientific study has proven a negative effect of this species on native species (Ref. 40476). 
Gasterosteidae Pungitius laevis (Cuvier, 1829) Fr, Br, M native   8 SL (male)  Recorded from Somme and Garonne drainages (Ref. 59043). Also Ref. 2058. 
Gasterosteidae Pungitius pungitius (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br, M native  Épinochette (French), Épinoche à neuf épines (French), Kleine stichling (French), Marichaud (French), Petite épinoche (French), Épinochette (French)  7.6 TL (unsexed)  Known from the Loire basin (Ref. 27547), the central and the northeast quarter of France (Ref. 30578). 
Cyprinidae Rhodeus amarus (Bloch, 1782) Fr, Thr native  Bouvière (French), Bitterling (French), Péteuse (French), Rosière (French)  11 TL (unsexed)  Occurs in the northeast quarter (Ref. 30578, 556 as Rhodeus sericeus ). Found in northern Rhône; invasive in southern Rhône and west Seine (Ref. 59043). Vulnerable (Ref. 11941). Its biotope has to be protected ("arrêté du 8-12-1988). In "Annexe II de la Directive Habitats-Faune-Flore" and in "Annexe III de la Convention de Berne" (Ref. 40476). Status of threat: Vulnerable (Ref. 11941, 30578, 74334). 
Cyprinidae Rhodeus sericeus (Pallas, 1776) Fr, Thr misidentification  Bouvière (French) occasional (usually not seen) 8.7 SL (unsexed)  Misidentification for Rhodeus amarus (Ref. 59043). Status of threat: Vulnerable (Ref. 30578, 74334). 
Cyprinidae Rutilus rutilus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Fi, Aq native  Gardon (French), Blanchet (French), Echatout (French), Gardon blanc (French), Plotze (French), Plötze (French), Roche (French), Gardon (French)  45 SL (unsexed)  Widely distributed in metroploitan France. Without doubt, it is the most popular fish caught in freshwater. It is the center of attraction during angling competitions. Caught with animal bait during cold season, with plant bait in summer. The flesh is bony but is well highly esteemed. Coomonly grown in ponds for restocking (Ref. 30578). Introduced in Brittany and in the south-west of France. Can be considered as ubiquist in France (Ref. 40476). Also Ref. 12108. 
Blenniidae Salaria fluviatilis (Asso, 1801) Fr, Thr native  Blennie fluviatile (French), Baveuse (French), Blennie cagnette (French), Cagnote (French), Chasseur (French) occasional (usually not seen) 13 SL (unsexed)  Occurs in the Tarn and the Garonne (presence in the drainage possibly due to invasion through Canal du Midi, Ref. 89043) up to the Alpes Maritimes and Corsica; also known in Lake Bourget (Ref. 30578). The northern limit of its distribution is Lake Annecy (introduced around 1980). Reproduces in May to August at temperatures above 18°C (Ref. 59043). In Annex III of the Bern Convention (Ref. 11941). Its biotope has to be protected ("arrêté du 8-12-1988") (Ref. 40476); Also Ref. 26100. Status of threat: Vulnerable (Ref. 74334). 
Salmonidae Salmo cettii Rafinesque, 1810 Fr native   40 SL (unsexed)  Known from Corsica (Ref. 13696). Status of the populations is not year clear (Ref. 59043), but the conservation of the local population and the survival of the species in Corsica require that stocking with Salmo trutta fario be stopped since it presents risks of competition and genetic pollution (Ref. 2163). Poaching should also to be suppressed (Ref. 11941). Also Ref. 4904, 30578, 52923, 94710 (to check the syn. In Biblio records). 
Salmonidae Salmo macrostigma (Duméril, 1858) Fr misidentification  Truite à grosses taches (French), Truite à grandes taches (French), Truite de mer (French), Truite méditerranéenne (French)  60 TL (male)  The correct name for the native trout in Corsica is Salmo cettii Rafinesque, 1810. Also Ref. 94543. 
Salmonidae Salmo rhodanensis Fowler, 1974 Fr native   80 SL (unsexed)  Known from Rhône drainage, except Lake Geneva basin, eastward to Roia drainage (Ref. 59043).  No picture yet.
Salmonidae Salmo salar Linnaeus, 1758 Fr, Br, M, Aq, Thr native  Saumon atlantique (French), Saumon (French), Tacon atlantique (French), Saumon Atlantique (French), Saumon de l'Atlantique (French)  150 (male)  Known from the Gironde-Garonne-Dordogne basin (Ref. 51442). Originally, the Atlantic salmon frequented the rivers on the Atlantic coast, in Manche and on the North Sea coast; its area of distribution has regressed somewhat compared to what it was in the middle of the 18th century. It has completely disappeared from certain basins: Rhine, Moselle, Meuse, Somme, Seine, Rance, tributaries of the middle Loire, upper Loire, tributaries of the Garonne and the Dordogne. The construction of dams for navigational purposes, for hydroelectric production, for water suppy of the cities and the nuclear power stations block the fishes' access to the spawning grounds. The absence of dams on the coastal rivers of Brittany explains why this area has the best preserved rivers for salmon, more so because the spawning grounds are often close to the estuary. The general degradation of the environment, brought about by man's activities, affects the remaining spawning grounds. Stocks are heavily exploited where commercial fishing is significant. Protected in the Gironde-Garonne-Dordogne basin (Ref. 51442). This species is included in Annex III of the Bern Convention and Annex II and V of the Directive Habitats Faune-Flore (Ref. 11941). Also Refs. 173, 2163, 30578, 40476. Status of threat: Vulnerable (Ref. 74334). 
Salmonidae Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1758 Fr, Br, M, Fi, Ex, Thr native  Truite argentée (French), Truite brune de mer (French), Truite fario (French), Trutta (Corsican), Truite (French), Truite commune (French), Truite commune (French), Truite d'Europe (French), Truite de lac (French), Truite de mer (French), Truite saumonée (French), Truite de mer (French)  130 SL (unsexed) 36.9 FL Known from the Gironde basin (Ref. 51442). It is currently more abundant in the rivers of Normandy located east of Cotentin (Ref. 11941). Protected in the Gironde estuary (Ref. 51442). Introduced in Corsica (Ref. 94543). Also Ref. 173. Status of threat: Vulnerable (Ref. 74334). 
Salmonidae Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br, M, Aq, Thr native  Omble arctique (French), Omble chevalier (French), Omble-chevalier (French)  110 SL (unsexed)  Indigenous in Lake Léman (Lake Geneva) and Bourget and introduced in other mountain lakes. Reared for restocking and human consumption (Ref. 30578). Established in 138 lakes. Origin of stock found in Lake Allos studied (Ref. 45052 ). Likely to benefit from environmental regulations passed in France on 8.12.88. (Ref. 2163). Status of threat: Vulnerable (Ref. 11941, 74334). 
Salmonidae Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill, 1814) Fr, Aq introduced  Omble de fontaine (French), Saumon de fontaine (French), Truite mouchetée (French), Saumon de fontaine (French)  85 SL (unsexed)  Established in aquaculture through continuous importation. Has not established in the wild (Ref. 1739). It is reported to occur in the Alps, the Pyrénées, Massif Central, the Jura and Ardennes (Ref. 11941) and in some rivers in the eastern part of France as well as in Corsica (Ref. 30578). Established populations documented from high altitude lakes and streams in Corsica (Ref. 59043). 
Salmonidae Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum, 1792) Fr not established  Omble du Canada (French), Cristivomer (French), Omble d'Amérique (French), Touladi(=Omble du Canada) (French), Truite de lac d'Amérique (French), Touladi (French)  100 SL (unsexed)  Introduced in the Pyrénées at the end of the last century and more recently in lakes and reservoirs of the Jura and the Alpes (Ref. 30578). Introduced in Europe from eggs since 1881. Successfully introduced in several pyreneans lakes since 1970. Found in some lakes of Massif Central (Villefort), Jura (Vouglans) and Alpes (Vanoise, Mercantour, Tignes). No evidence of its reproduction (Ref. 40476). Established breeding populations exist in Pyrénée; locally introduced in lakes of Massif Central and Alps where it apparently survives only by stocking (Ref. 59043). 
Salmonidae Salvelinus umbla (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr native   75 SL (unsexed)  Known from Lake Bourget (Ref. 59043). 
Percidae Sander lucioperca (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br, Aq introduced  Sandre (French), Perche-brochet (French), Sandre (French)  130 TL (unsexed)  Recorded from Lake Bourget (Ref. 59043). Known from the Gironde estuary (Ref. 51442) and the Rhône basin. Initially colonized the Rhine at the end of the XIXth century, then the basin of the Rhône at the beginning of the XXth century. Very much fished by fishermen, it was widespread in all fluvial basins. It is the subject of extensive pond breeding, partly for restocking purposes (Ref. 30578). Also Ref. 1739 and 49187. 
Cyprinidae Scardinius erythrophthalmus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, B native  Rotengle (French), About (French), Gardon carpe (French), Gardon de roche (French), Gardon rouge (French), Louzou (French), Plate (French), Platelle (French), Rossard (French), Rothfeden (French), Rottle (French), Sergent (French), Suce-roseaux (French), Rotengle (French) common (usually seen) 61.7 TL (female)  In all metropolitan France, it is the subject of restocking programs by fishing associations and pisciculturists (Ref. 30578). Wide distribution in France (Ref. 40476). Introduced in Corsica (Ref. 59043). 
Siluridae Silurus glanis Linnaeus, 1758 Fr, Br, Aq, Sp introduced  Silure glane (French), Silure glane (French)  500 TL (unsexed)  Occurs in the Saône, Seine, Loire and in the Eastern region. Reared in ponds in several regions around France: in the East, Central, Loire and Languedoc-Roussillon (Ref. 30578). Introduced in Rhône drainage in 1857 (Ref. 59043). 
Cyprinidae Squalius cephalus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br native  Chevaine (French), Aitel (French), Blanc (French), Cabeda (French), Cabot (French), Cabot truité (French), Chavasson (French), Chevaine cabeda (French), Chevesne (French), Juègne (French), Meunier (French), Mulet (French)  85 TL (unsexed)  Found in the metropolitan territory. Not reported in Finistère, Corse, Nord and Landes (Ref. 40476). A different form with a smaller head is encountered in the south of France. Adults occur in creeks and fast flowing rivers, occasionally in lakes (Ref. 30578). Also Ref. 30578. 
Cyprinidae Squalius laietanus Doadrio, Kottelat & de Sostoa, 2007 Fr native   13.54 SL (male) , 20.14 SL (female)  Known from the Tech and Agly drainages (Ref. 75108). Also Ref. 59043. 
Syngnathidae Syngnathus abaster Risso, 1827 Fr, Br, M native  Syngnathe de lagune (French), Syngnathe (French), Syngnathe de lagune (French)  23 TL (male)  Known in Mont Saint-Michel Bay (Ref. 38302). Also Ref. 683. 
Cyprinidae Telestes souffia (Risso, 1827) Fr, Thr native  Blageon (French), Seufe (French), Soufie (French), Blageon (French) scarce (very unlikely) 20 SL (unsexed)  Known from the Mediterranean basin from Aude to Var drainages; literature records from Tarn system [Garonne drainage] in fact refers to Hérault [each has a tributary named Dourbie] (Ref. 59043). Found also in the basin of Rhône (Ref. 11941). Introgression zone with Telestes muticellus in Var drainage (Ref. 59043). In Annex II of the Directive Habitats Faune-Flore. In "Annexe III de la Convention de Berne" (Ref. 40476). Also Ref. 30578. Status of threat: Vulnerable (Ref. 40476). 
Salmonidae Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Aq, Rstr, Thr native  Ombre commun (French), Ombre (French), Ombre de rivière (French), Ombre commun (French)  50 SL (unsexed)  Is likely to benefit from environmental regulations passed on 8/12/88 in France. Indigenous in the basins of the Rhine, the Rhône and in a still unexplained way, in the Loire. Included in Annex V of the Directive Habitats Faune-Flore (Ref. 11941). Present in some sites of the Seine and the Garonne (Ref. 30578). In "Annexe III de la Convention de Berne" (Ref. 40476). Status of threat: Vulnerable (Ref. 74334). 
Cyprinidae Tinca tinca (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Br, Aq native  Tanche (French), Aiguillon (French), Aiguillons (French), Beurote (French), Schleie (French), Tanch (French), Tanche de Mongolie (French), Tancho (French), Tenco (French), Tinche (French), Tanche (French)  64 TL (unsexed)  Known throughout France. Reared in ponds. In winter, they stay in the mud without feeding (Ref. 30578). 
Umbridae Umbra pygmaea (DeKay, 1842) Fr introduced  Petit poisson chien (French), Umbre pygmée (French) scarce (very unlikely) 15.2 TL (unsexed)  Introduced at the start of the century at a pond in Allier (Ref. 30578). Also Ref. 1739. Introduced in 1913 (Ref. 40476). Also Ref. 59043. 
Valenciidae Valencia hispanica (Valenciennes, 1846) Fr, Thr extirpated  Cryprinodonte de Valence (French), Cyprinodonte de Valence (French)  7.1 TL (female)  Existed in the Eastern Pyrénées but no longer appears to be present (Ref. 30578). In Annex II and V of the Directive Habitats Faune-Flore (Ref. 11941). In "Annexe II de la Convention de Berne" (Ref. 40476). Also Ref. 27139. Status of threat: Extinct (Ref. 74334). 
Cyprinidae Vimba vimba (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr introduced  Vimbe (French), Brème de la mer Noire (French), Serte (French)  35 SL (unsexed)  Occurs in the Rhine. Inhabits middle and lower reaches of rivers. Spawning occurs upstream over gravel (Ref. 30578). In "Annexe III de la Convention de Berne". Important regression in Central Europe because of pollution and obstacle to its migration (Ref. 40476). Also Ref. 13686. 
Percidae Zingel asper (Linnaeus, 1758) Fr, Thr native  Apron du Rhône (French), Âne (French), Apron (French), Asper (French), Raste (French), Roi (French), Roué (French), Sorcier (French) scarce (very unlikely) 20 SL (unsexed)  In the last century, this species frequented nearly 1,700 km of the whole Rhône basin (Rhône, Ain, Isère, Gard, Durance, Saône and its tributaries the Ognon, Ouche…). It disappeared from Côte d'Or around 1940 and gradually almost completely from its area of distribution with the deterioration of its habitat. Today, it occurs only in 17% of the area that it occupied in the last century. Today, it is still present in Doubs and the Loue where it is threatened by the construction of a waterway. It is among the species which require a strict protection (Annex IV of the European Directive on the conservation of the natural habitats as well as flora and fauna) (Ref. 30578). Also Ref. 3881. Status of threat: Endangered (Ref. 74334).  No picture yet.
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