Food items reported for Mugil cephalus
n = 107
Food I Food II Food III Food name Country Predator Stage
detritus detritus debris organic matter South Africa juv./adults
detritus detritus debris unidentified Senegal juv./adults
plants other plants benthic algae/weeds filamentous algae South Africa juv./adults
plants other plants benthic algae/weeds Bangia sp. Tunisia adults
plants other plants benthic algae/weeds Chaetomorpha crassa (not available) juv./adults
plants other plants benthic algae/weeds Pterocladia sp. Tunisia adults
plants other plants benthic algae/weeds Ruppia spp. South Africa juv./adults
plants other plants benthic algae/weeds Enteromorpha sp. Tunisia adults
plants other plants benthic algae/weeds unidentified France adults
plants other plants terrestrial plants terrestrial plant debris South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Achnanthes hauckiana USA recruits/juv.
plants phytoplankton diatoms Achnanthes lemmermannii USA recruits/juv.
plants phytoplankton diatoms Achnanthes longipes USA recruits/juv.
plants phytoplankton diatoms Achnanthes spp. USA recruits/juv.
plants phytoplankton diatoms Amphipleura pellucida USA recruits/juv.
plants phytoplankton diatoms Amphiprora USA recruits/juv.
plants phytoplankton diatoms Bacillaria Paradoxa South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Nitzschia lognissima South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Nitzschia spathulata South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Nitzschia transvaalensis South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Amphora marina USA recruits/juv.
plants phytoplankton diatoms Amphora spectabilis USA recruits/juv.
plants phytoplankton diatoms Amphora spp. USA recruits/juv.
plants phytoplankton diatoms Amphora tenerrima USA recruits/juv.
plants phytoplankton diatoms small centrales South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Cocconeis pseudomarginata South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Cocconeis scutellum (not available) juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Coscinodiscus granii South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Coscinodiscus lacustris South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Aptinoptychus splendens South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Pennales (not available) juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Diploneis sp. South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Diploneis USA recruits/juv.
plants phytoplankton diatoms Diploneis suborbicularis South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Fragilaria ulna South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Asterionella bleakeleyi USA recruits/juv.
plants phytoplankton diatoms Asterionellopsis glacialis USA recruits/juv.
plants phytoplankton diatoms Fragilaria sp. South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Synedra tabulata (not available) juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Melosira sp. South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Navicula Portugal juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Navicula USA recruits/juv.
plants phytoplankton diatoms Navicula digito-radiata (not available) juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Nitzschia USA recruits/juv.
plants phytoplankton diatoms Nitzschia cocconeiformes South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Nitzschia punctata South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Nitzschia sigma South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Nitzschia sp. South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Pinnularia USA recruits/juv.
plants phytoplankton diatoms Pinnularia sp. South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Gyrosigma Portugal juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Gyrosigma sp. South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Gyrosigma variipunctatum South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Pleurosgima South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Pleurosigma USA recruits/juv.
plants phytoplankton diatoms Rhopalodia sp. South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Stauroneis sp. South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Cyclotella sp. South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Grammatophora sp. Tunisia adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Synechococcus sp. (not available) juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Tabellaria flocculosa South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Auliscus pruinosus South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton diatoms Pleurosira laevis South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton green algae Closterium sp. South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton green algae Cosmarium sp. South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton green algae Staurastrum sp. South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton green algae Pediastrum sp. South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton green algae Scenedesmus sp. South Africa juv./adults
plants phytoplankton n.a./other phytoplankton unspecified planktonic material Galapagos Is. juv./adults
zoobenthos benth. crust. amphipods unidentified amphipods (not available) recruits/juv.
zoobenthos benth. crust. amphipods Corophium insidiosum (not available) juv./adults
zoobenthos benth. crust. amphipods Corophium insidiosum (not available) juv./adults
zoobenthos benth. crust. n.a./other benth. crustaceans unidentified Australia juv./adults
zoobenthos benth. crust. ostracods Cypridina Tunisia adults
zoobenthos benth. crust. ostracods Cyprideis littoralis (not available) juv./adults
zoobenthos benth. crust. ostracods podocopid ostracods (not available) juv./adults
zoobenthos insects insects Chironomus salinarius (not available) juv./adults
zoobenthos insects insects unidentified dipterans Spain juv./adults
zoobenthos insects insects benthic insects Spain juv./adults
zoobenthos mollusks gastropods Assiminea bifasciata South Africa juv./adults
zoobenthos mollusks gastropods Lamellibranch Tunisia adults
zoobenthos mollusks gastropods Hydrobia acuta (not available) juv./adults
zoobenthos mollusks n.a./other mollusks unidentified French Guiana juv./adults
zoobenthos other benth. invertebrates n.a./other benth. invertebrates Elphidium sp. Tunisia adults
zoobenthos other benth. invertebrates n.a./other benth. invertebrates Quinqueloculina sp. Tunisia adults
zoobenthos other benth. invertebrates n.a./other benth. invertebrates unidentified France adults
zoobenthos sponges/tunicates sponges sponges (spicules) South Africa juv./adults
zoobenthos worms n.a./other annelids unidentified French Guiana juv./adults
zoobenthos worms polychaetes Eulalia sp. Tunisia adults
zooplankton other plank. invertebrates n.a./other plank. invertebrates bivalve larvae Japan juv./adults
zooplankton other plank. invertebrates n.a./other plank. invertebrates unidentified flagellates South Africa juv./adults
zooplankton other plank. invertebrates n.a./other plank. invertebrates Rotalia sp. South Africa juv./adults
zooplankton other plank. invertebrates n.a./other plank. invertebrates unidentified foraminiferans South Africa juv./adults
zooplankton other plank. invertebrates n.a./other plank. invertebrates Hydrobia acuta eggs (not available) juv./adults
zooplankton other plank. invertebrates n.a./other plank. invertebrates unspecified planktonic material Galapagos Is. juv./adults
zooplankton other plank. invertebrates n.a./other plank. invertebrates Ammonia beccarii (not available) juv./adults
zooplankton other plank. invertebrates n.a./other plank. invertebrates unidentified France recruits/juv.
zooplankton plank. crust. cladocerans cladocerans Spain juv./adults
zooplankton plank. crust. n.a./other plank. crustaceans rotifers Spain juv./adults
zooplankton plank. crust. plank. copepods calanoid copepods Japan recruits/juv.
zooplankton plank. crust. plank. copepods copepod naupli (not available) juv./adults
zooplankton plank. crust. plank. copepods cyclopoid copepods South Africa juv./adults
zooplankton plank. crust. plank. copepods cyclopoid copepods Japan recruits/juv.
zooplankton plank. crust. plank. copepods harpacticoid copepods Japan recruits/juv.
zooplankton plank. crust. plank. copepods harpacticoid copepods South Africa juv./adults
zooplankton plank. crust. plank. copepods copepods Spain juv./adults
zooplankton plank. crust. plank. copepods unidentified Australia Larvae
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