Sciades couma, Couma sea catfish : fisheries

Sciades couma (Valenciennes, 1840)

Couma sea catfish
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Image of Sciades couma (Couma sea catfish)
Sciades couma
Picture by Barbosa, J.M./M. Deda

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes(Marga, Jenis) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Siluriformes (Catfishes) > Ariidae (Sea catfishes) > Ariinae
Etymology: More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; air tawar; payau dasar (demersal). Tropical; 11°N - 8°S, 77°W - 34°W

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

South America: Gulf of Paria to Pernambuco, Brazil.

Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 97.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 5217); common length : 50.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 5217); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 30.0 kg (Ref. 5217); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 5 Tahun (Ref. 51994)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 1. The head is rounded and flattened on the upper part. The mouth is slightly inferior. It has 3 pairs of barbels (1 pair of maxillary barbels and 2 pairs of mandibular barbels. The cephalic surface is very rough (Ref. 35381).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Confined chiefly to turbid waters in estuaries and the lower parts of rivers. Its delicate flesh is highly valued (Ref. 27188). Two annual cycles of slower growth are know during the two dry seasons (March and August to November). Probably has a short life span. In the beginning of reproduction, the male's mouth changes to function as a egg repository (buccal incubation). The female lays down her eggs in a sandy depression, then after fertilization, the male puts the eggs into its mouth which is provided with ventilation until hatching. Eggs diameter is about 2 mm and its number varies from 100 to 165 per female. Feeds mainly on crustaceans (Ref. 35381). Marketed fresh and salted.

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Distinct pairing. Mouth brooding may be employed (Ref. 205).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator : Ferraris, Jr., Carl J. | mitra

Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez, 1992. Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales marinas y de aquas salobres de la costa septentrional de Sur América. FAO, Rome. 513 p. Preparado con el financiamento de la Comisión de Comunidades Europeas y de NORAD. (Ref. 5217)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 125652)

  kurang bimbang (LC) ; Date assessed: 28 January 2009

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 58010)





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: komersial
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

informasi lanjut

Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
BRUVS
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Nutrients
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | semak peneliti ikan | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Marga, Jenis | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genom, Nukleotida | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: pergi, Cari | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00676 (0.00410 - 0.01116), b=3.16 (3.02 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.5 se; based on diet studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (K = 0.45; tmax = 5).
Prior r = 0.56, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.84, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 172 [80, 350] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.07 [0.65, 1.81] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.2 [15.6, 18.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.33 [0.15, 0.70] g/100g ; Selenium = 112 [42, 271] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 8.47 [3.34, 22.32] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.13 [0.71, 2.01] mg/100g (wet weight);