Cephalopholis fulva (Linnaeus, 1758)

Coney
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Cephalopholis fulva   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Cephalopholis fulva (Coney)
Cephalopholis fulva
Picture by Randall, J.E.

التصنيف / Names الأسماء الشائعة | مرادفات | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

شعاعيات الزعانف > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Cephalopholis: Greek, kephale = head + Greek, pholis = scale (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range البيئة

; بحري مرتبطة بالشعاب; غير مهاجرة; نطاق العمق 1 - 150 m (Ref. 26938), usually 1 - 40 m (Ref. 89707).   Subtropical; 36°N - 28°S, 98°W - 33°W (Ref. 5222)

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Western Atlantic: South Carolina, USA and Bermuda to southern Brazil.

Length at first maturity / الحجم / وزن / العمر

Maturity: Lm 14.7  range ? - 24.5 cm
Max length : 44.0 cm TL ذكر/ مختلط الجنس; (Ref. 116036); العمر: 11 سنين (Ref. 36271)

وصف مختصر الوصف الخارجي | قياسات المظهر الخارجي

الأشواك الظهرية (المجموع): 9; الأشعة الظهرية الناعمة (المجموع): 14-16; شوكة شرجية 3; أشعه شرجية لينه: 9. Body and fins red; many small blue spots edged with black line scattered on body; dorsal edge of caudal peduncle with 2 prominent black spots; a pair of black blotches on tip of lower jaw (Ref. 13608); depth of body 2.6-2.9 in SL; head length 2.3-2.5 in SL; flat interorbital area; rounded preopercle, with shallow notch above the angle with upper edge finely serrate and moderately enlarged, lower edge fleshy; subopercle and interopercle smooth; posterior and anterior nostrils small and subequal; scaly maxilla, reaching to or beyond vertical at rear edge of eye; caudal fin convex posteriorly, corners angular; ctenoid lateral-body scales (Ref. 089707).

أحياء     المصطلحات (على سبيل المثال epibenthic)

Adults prefer coral reefs and clear water. In the Gulf of Mexico, they are found in clear deep reefs (at least 45 m). At Bermuda and the West Indies, they are common in shallow water, but they usually hide in caves or under ledges during the day. The species is protogynous with females maturing at 16 cm TL and transforming to males at about 20 cm. Males are territorial. Feed mainly on small fishes and crustaceans. May follow morays and snake eels to feed on flushed preys. Wary, but approachable (Ref. 9710).

Life cycle and mating behavior النضج | التكاثر | وضع البيض | بيض | الخصوبة | Larvae

Mature females transform to males at a length of about 20 cm. Spawning occurs just before sunset over several days, and a male will spawn daily with each of the several females in his harem. Fecundity estimates range from about 150,000 to 282,000 eggs per female; with eggs 0.95 mm in diameter and having a single oil globule.

المرجع الرئيسي Upload your references | مراجع | المنظم : Heemstra, Phillip C. | المتعاونين

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 22 March 2018

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر للأنسان

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303)





استخدامات بشرية

مصائد: تجاري; حوض مائي: تجاري
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.4 - 28, mean 27 (based on 474 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00932 - 0.01414), b=3.05 (3.02 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
مستوى غذائي (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
المرونه (Ref. 120179):  وسيط, الحد الزمني الأدني لتضاعف عدد أفراد المجتمع 1.4-4.4 سنة (tmax=11; K=0.14-0.63; Fec=67,000-280,000).
Prior r = 0.62, 95% CL = 0.41 - 0.93, Based on 2 stock assessments.
عرضة للخطر (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .
فئة السعر (Ref. 80766):   Very high.