Hypnos monopterygius, Coffin ray

Hypnos monopterygius (Shaw, 1795)

Coffin ray
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Hypnos monopterygius   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Hypnos monopterygius
Picture by Vogt, A.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays) > Torpediniformes (Electric rays) > Hypnidae (Coffin rays)
Etymology: Hypnos: Greek, hypnos = sleep (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Shaw.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 0 - 240 m (Ref. 9710). 亞熱帶的; 18°S - 38°S, 112°E - 155°E (Ref. 114953)

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Indo-West Pacific: endemic to Australia.
印度-西太平洋: 澳洲的特有種。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 24 - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 2272); common length : 40.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 6871)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs inshore and offshore, ranging from the intertidal to 240 m depth (Ref. 9910, 12951). Found buried on sand and mud bottoms; sometimes found stranded out of water by the tide but is capable of surviving for hours (Ref. 9910). Feeds on crabs, worms, and fishes. It was reported that larger fishes, similar size to themselves have been found in the stomachs of Coffin rays, ingested whole through the large gape (Ref. 114953). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Maximum length probably to 92 cm TL (Ref. 9910). Both sexes mature at 40-48 cm TL; born at ca. 8-11 cm TL (Ref. 114953). A slow-moving species which uses its electric organs to stun prey. Also stuns people when accidentally stepped upon or handled (Ref. 9910).

生活于近海与被范围从潮间带到 240 公尺深的外海.(参考文献 9910,12951) 发现埋藏于沙与泥底部; 有时发现搁浅的离开水面被潮水但是能够被存活长达数小时之久。 (参考文献 9910) 吃螃蟹,蠕虫与鱼。 卵胎生的.(参考文献 50449) 使用它的发电器打昏猎物的一个缓慢移动的种。 当偶然地踏到或摸到,也打昏人。 (参考文献 9910) 可能对 92 公分TL 的最大长度.(参考文献 9910)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Size at birth 8 to 11 cm TL (Ref. 9910).印度-西太平洋: 澳洲的特有種。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Carvalho, Marcelo | 合作者

Compagno, L.J.V., 1999. Checklist of living elasmobranchs. p. 471-498. In W.C. Hamlett (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Maryland. (Ref. 35766)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 24 February 2015

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

另外地 (Ref. 10011)





人类利用

渔业: 没有兴趣
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 15.3 - 22.2, mean 17.4 °C (based on 134 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 1.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.57 se; based on food items.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 5.13 [0.68, 30.05] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.164 [0.029, 0.621] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.3 [12.7, 20.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.306 [0.124, 0.777] g/100g ; Selenium = 7.15 [1.63, 28.27] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 43.5 [8.5, 216.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.468 [0.123, 1.784] mg/100g (wet weight);