Sillaginodes punctatus, King George whiting : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

Sillaginodes punctatus (Cuvier, 1829)

King George whiting
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Sillaginodes punctatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sillaginodes punctatus (King George whiting)
Sillaginodes punctatus
Picture by Dowling, C.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes(Marga, Jenis) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sillaginidae (Smelt-whitings)
Etymology: Sillaginodes: See Sillago + Greek, oides = similar to.
More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut; payau dasar (demersal); nir-ruaya; kisaran kedalaman 2 - 200 m (Ref. 6390), usually 2 - 18 m (Ref. 6205). Temperate; 29°S - 41°S, 112°E - 152°E (Ref. 6205)

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: southern Australia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm 34.0, range 32 - 36 cm
Max length : 72.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 6205); common length : 35.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 9563); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 4.8 kg (Ref. 6205); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 15 Tahun (Ref. 6390)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 12 - 14; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 25-27; Duri dubur 2; Sirip dubur lunak: 21 - 24. The swim bladder is very elongate with a single slender tapering posterior extension and two anterolateral extensions. No duct-like urogenital aperture is present. Body color is pale brown, gray brown, or dark olive green above, and whitish pale brown or silvery below with reflections of mauve, blue green when fresh. The back and upper sides with oblique rows of small round dark brown to rusty brown spots; the lower sides with open-spaced rather scattered round dark spots. The belly is white and without spots. The dorsal fins are uniformly dark greenish brown to light brown sometimes spotted with dark brown; the anal, pectoral and pelvic fins are pale brown to hyaline; the caudal fin is greenish to brownish and finely dusted with brown (Ref. 6205).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Inhabit shallow inner continental shelf waters, including bays and inlets (Ref. 6390). For their first few years, they live mainly where seagrasses (Zostera species, Posidonia creeks. Small juveniles favor water depths from 2 m to 20 m. Adults inhabit more exposed waters along coastal beaches and reef areas (Ref. 27008, 27667), sometimes to depths as great as 200 m. Spawn in offshore waters from late summer to winter (Ref. 6390). Juveniles feed on benthic amphipods and other crustaceans. As they grow larger, their diet expands to include polychaete worms, mollusks and peanut worms (Sipuncula) (Ref. 27008, 27667). Oviparous (Ref. 205). This premium quality fish obtains a high price (Ref. 6205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Are serial batch spawners, yet the number of spawnings in a season is unknown (Ref. 6390).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

McKay, R.J., 1992. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 14. Sillaginid fishes of the world (family Sillaginidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the sillago, smelt or Indo-Pacific whiting species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(14):87p. (Ref. 6205)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: komersial; Budidaya air: percobaan; Ikan buruan: ya
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

informasi lanjut

Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
BRUVS
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Nutrients
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | semak peneliti ikan | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Marga, Jenis | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genom, Nukleotida | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: pergi, Cari | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 15.3 - 18.5, mean 17.4 °C (based on 253 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00257 - 0.00977), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.3 (1.6 - 6.5) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 10 growth studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (K=0.47; tm=3-4; tmax=15; Fec=100,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 51.1 [15.2, 139.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.301 [0.117, 1.429] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.2 [16.8, 21.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.467 [0.177, 1.232] g/100g ; Selenium = 31.6 [10.5, 119.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 6.11 [1.51, 23.71] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.909 [0.373, 1.816] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.