Scyliorhinus canicula, Lesser spotted dogfish : fisheries

Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus, 1758)

Lesser spotted dogfish
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Scyliorhinus canicula   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Scyliorhinus canicula
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鰓亞綱 (鯊魚與魟魚) (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) 真鯊目 (Ground sharks) > Scyliorhinidae (Cat sharks) 貓鮫科 (Cat sharks)
Etymology: Scyliorhinus: Greek, skylla = a kind of shark + Greek, rhinos = nose (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 居於水底的; 深度上下限 10 - 780 m (Ref. 56504), usually 80 - 100 m (Ref. 81056).   亞熱帶的; 63°N - 12°N, 18°W - 36°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Norway and British Isles south to Senegal, including the Mediterranean. Possibly Côte d'Ivoire. Some populational differences exist between Catulus duhameli (a name for the Mediterranean canicula based on size) and this species which may eventually be expressed as subspecies. The only reported observation of this species in Crimean waters was in 1937, which is possibly erroneous (Ref. 897).
東北大西洋: 挪威與不列顛群島南至塞內加爾, 包括地中海。 可能地象牙海岸。 一些族群的差異在 Catulus duhameli(一個名稱對於以大小為依據的地中海 canicula) 與這種之間存在那可能最後被表示成亞種。 在克里米亞半島的水域的這種的唯一被報告的觀察在 1937 年, 是可能錯誤.(參考文獻 897)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 57.0, range 41 - 64 cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 244); common length : 60.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 4645); 最大體重: 1.3 kg (Ref. 40637); 最大年齡: 12 年 (Ref. 81067)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 0; 背的軟條 (總數): 0; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 0. A slender, dark-spotted catshark with 8-9 dusky saddles (often obscure or absent), greatly expanded anterior nasal flaps, reaching mouth and covering shallow nasoral grooves, labial furrows on lower jaw only, first dorsal fin originates well behind the pelvic fins, second dorsal fin much smaller than first (Ref. 244).
一個細長又有深色斑點的貓鯊具有大量擴大前鼻瓣, 達到嘴與覆蓋淺鼻溝, 唇溝只在下頜上, 第二背鰭鰭遠小於第一個 (參考文獻 244)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Most common catshark in coastal waters of Europe (Ref. 32804). Inhabits continental shelves and uppermost slopes. Found on sandy, coralline, algal, gravel or muddy bottoms. Occurs mainly between 10-100 m depth in the northeast Atlantic and up to 400 m depth in the Mediterranean Sea (Ref. 88187) and from 288-780 m in the eastern Ionian Sea (Ref. 56504). They sometimes occur in midwater. Nocturnal species, males resting on substrate and females hiding in shallow (0.5-1.5 m depth) caves and crevices during the day (Ref. 88835). Feed on a variety of benthic invertebrates, including mollusks, crustaceans, small cephalopods, polychaete worms, and small bony fishes (Ref. 244, 11889). Males have been found to forage in shallow prey-rich areas with soft sediment or areas covered with filamentous algae (Ref. 88836). Oviparous, with a single egg laid per oviduct at a time. Detect weak electric fields generated by other organisms (e.g. potential prey) (Ref. 10311). Utilized fresh and dried-salted for human consumption, also for oil and fishmeal.

棲息於大陸棚與最上面的斜坡。 棲息於了沙的﹐珊瑚的﹐和海藻的, 礫石或者泥底部深度幾公尺通常向下至 110 公尺。 有時出現於中層水域中。 吃軟體動物與甲殼動物,小的頭足類動物,多毛類的蠕蟲與小的硬骨魚類。 卵生的, 每個輸卵管只有一個卵一次。 生鮮使用與乾燥鹽醃供人類消費, 也用做魚油與魚粉。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Oviparous, laying paired eggs (one per oviduct) in shallow subtidal areas, although some egg cases have been found in the deeper part of intertidal zones (Ref. 244). Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). The egg cases are anchored to macroalgae, sea grass or sessile erect invertebrates such as poriferans, bryozoans and hydroids (Ref. 32804, 58137). The capsules have tendrils at each corner used for anchorage purposes. Egg capsule size varies according to locality and female size (Ref. 244) and ranges between 4.9-7.0 cm length and 1.5-3.0 cm width (Ref. 88837). Egg cases may be deposited throughout the year, peaking in June and July (Ref. 32804). Recent studies estimate fecundity of females from the northeast Atlantic to be at around 29-62 pups (Ref. 32804). Fully formed pups hatch after 5-11 months, depending on water temperature (Ref. 244, 32804). Newly hatched pups are about 8-10 cm in length (Ref. 78469). 東北大西洋: 挪威與不列顛群島南至塞內加爾, 包括地中海。 可能地象牙海岸。 一些族群的差異在 Catulus duhameli(一個名稱對於以大小為依據的地中海 canicula) 與這種之間存在那可能最後被表示成亞種。 在克里米亞半島的水域的這種的唯一被報告的觀察在 1937 年, 是可能錯誤.(參考文獻 897)

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | 合作者

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 December 2008

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 低經濟
FAO(漁業: 產生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周邊海洋

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7.2 - 16.2, mean 10.1 (based on 28 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00195 (0.00158 - 0.00241), b=3.13 (3.07 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增時間4.5 - 14 年 (K=0.20; tm=9; Fec=96).
Prior r = 0.35, 95% CL = 0.23 - 0.53, Based on 1 stock assessment.
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (62 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.