Nibea soldado, Soldier croaker : fisheries

Nibea soldado (Lacepède, 1802)

Soldier croaker
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Nibea soldado   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Nibea soldado (Soldier croaker)
Nibea soldado
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes(Släkte, Arter) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sciaenidae (Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Nibea: Greek, niba, nipsis = to wash.
More on author: Lacepède.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina; sötvatten; brackvatten bottenlevande; amfidrom; djupintervall 1 - 40 m. Tropical; 22°N - 23°S, 72°E - 149°E (Ref. 57000)

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: coasts of India and Sri Lanka eastwards extending to Queensland, Australia and New Guinea and north to Viet Nam (Ref. 3490). Found in the lower Mekong basin (Ref. 36667).

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 9772); common length : 40.0 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 9772)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 10 - 11; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 27-33; Taggstrålar i analfenan 2; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 7. Snout rounded, but not swollen or projecting; upper jaw length 38-44 % of head length, lower jaw length 44-53 % of head length. First pair of mental pores close together, united by a crescent-shaped groove just behind symphysis. Teeth differentiated into large and small in both jaws. Second anal spine long, stiff, 39-59 % of head length. From 8 to 13 scale rows above lateral line to origin of dorsal fin, 12-17 scale rows below lateral line to origin of anal fin (total 21-29 scale rows). Swim bladder carrot-shaped, with 18-22 pairs of arborescent appendages along its sides, the first pair entering head beyond transverse septum. Sagitta (large earstone) with a tadpole-shaped impression, the tail of which is J-shaped.

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits shallow coastal waters and estuaries (Ref. 9772). Juveniles occur in brackish estuaries and often ascend the lower reaches of large, turbid rivers (Ref. 2847). Found in the basin-wide mainstream of the lower Mekong (Ref. 36667). Encountered in medium to large-sized rivers both in the lower and middle Mekong (Ref. 12975). Feeds on small fishes and invertebrates. Marketed fresh as well as dried salted.

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Lal Mohan, R.S., 1984. Sciaenidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Vol. 4. FAO, Rome. pag. var. (Ref. 3490)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 29 June 2016

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiell
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

Länder
FAO områden
Ekosystem
Förekomster
Utplanteringar
Stocks
Ekologi
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Födoslag
Födointag
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synonymer
Metabolik
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Lek
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Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
Age/Size
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Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometri
Morfologi
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Otoliths
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Special reports

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Internet-källor

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Släkte, Arter | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, sök | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.7 - 29.1, mean 28.4 °C (based on 942 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00464 - 0.01359), b=3.08 (2.93 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.61 se; based on food items.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.