Gymnura poecilura (Shaw, 1804)

Long-tailed butterfly ray
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Gymnura poecilura   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Gymnura poecilura (Long-tailed butterfly ray)
Gymnura poecilura
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Gymnuridae (Butterfly rays)
Etymology: Gymnura: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Shaw.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 居于水底的.   熱帶

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Persian Gulf (Ref. 68964), Red Sea to French Polynesia, north to Japan. Also reported from Persian Gulf (Ref. 96002).
印度-太平洋: 紅海到法屬玻里尼西亞,北至日本。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 48.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 250 cm WD 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 30573)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found on sandy bottoms of shallow inshore waters and offshore banks (Ref. 30573). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Feeds mainly on crustaceans and clams (Ref. 68964). Caught often in demersal trawls, and occasionally by trammel net. Utilized for its meat, but of limited value due to its typically small size (Ref.58048).

栖息于沿岸浅水区水域与近海浅堆的砂质底部了。 (参考文献 30573) 卵胎生的.(参考文献 50449)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205). Gives birth to litters of up to 7 pups; born at 24-26 cm WD (Ref. 58048).印度-太平洋: 紅海到法屬玻里尼西亞,北至日本。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : McEachran, John | 合作者

Sommer, C., W. Schneider and J.-M. Poutiers, 1996. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of Somalia. FAO, Rome. 376 p. (Ref. 30573)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 119314)

  临近濒危 (NT) ; Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.2 - 29.2, mean 28.5 (based on 2718 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00460 - 0.01435), b=3.00 (2.84 - 3.16), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  非常低的, 最小族群倍增时间超过14 年 (Fec=1-6).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.