Gymnura poecilura (Shaw, 1804)

Long-tailed butterfly ray
把你的觀察加入 Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Gymnura poecilura   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
上傳你的 相片 和 影像
Pictures | Google 影像
Image of Gymnura poecilura (Long-tailed butterfly ray)
Gymnura poecilura
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鰓亞綱 (鯊魚與魟魚) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) 鰩目 (Stingrays) > Gymnuridae (Butterfly rays) 燕魟科 (Butterfly rays)
Etymology: Gymnura: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Shaw.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 居於水底的.   熱帶

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Persian Gulf (Ref. 68964), Red Sea to French Polynesia, north to Japan. Also reported from Persian Gulf (Ref. 96002).
印度-太平洋: 紅海到法屬玻里尼西亞,北至日本。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 48.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 250 cm WD 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 30573)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found on sandy bottoms of shallow inshore waters and offshore banks (Ref. 30573). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Feeds mainly on crustaceans and clams (Ref. 68964). Caught often in demersal trawls, and occasionally by trammel net. Utilized for its meat, but of limited value due to its typically small size (Ref.58048).

棲息於沿岸淺水區水域與近海淺堆的砂質底部了。 (參考文獻 30573) 卵胎生的.(參考文獻 50449)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205). Gives birth to litters of up to 7 pups; born at 24-26 cm WD (Ref. 58048).印度-太平洋: 紅海到法屬玻里尼西亞,北至日本。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : McEachran, John | 合作者

Sommer, C., W. Schneider and J.-M. Poutiers, 1996. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of Somalia. FAO, Rome. 376 p. (Ref. 30573)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 119314)

  近危 (NT) ; Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 商業性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

更多資訊

國家
FAO區域
生態系
發現紀錄
簡介
Stocks
生態學
食性
食物相
食物消耗量
定量
俗名
同種異名
新陳代謝
捕食者
生態毒物學
繁殖
成熟度
產卵場
產卵群集
孕卵數

卵發育
年龄/大小
成長
長度-重量
長度-長度
長度-頻率
形態測量圖
型態特徵
仔魚
稚魚動力學
入添量
豐度
參考文獻
養殖
養殖資訊
品種
遺傳學
基因序列
遺傳率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
聲音
神經毒
速度
泳型
鰓區
Otoliths
腦重體重比
眼睛色素

工具

特別的報告

下載 XML

網路資源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因組, 核甘) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia(, 搜尋) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 動物學的記錄

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.2 - 29.2, mean 28.5 (based on 2718 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00460 - 0.01435), b=3.00 (2.84 - 3.16), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  非常低的, 最小族群倍增時間超過14 年 (Fec=1-6).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.