Acanthopagrus australis (Günther, 1859)

Yellowfin bream
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Acanthopagrus australis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Acanthopagrus australis (Yellowfin bream)
Acanthopagrus australis
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies) 鯛科 (Porgies)
Etymology: Acanthopagrus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, pagros, a kind of fish (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Günther.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 半鹹淡水 居於水底的; 海洋洄游的.   亞熱帶的; 19°S - 38°S

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Southwest Pacific: endemic to eastern Australia, from Townsville in Queensland to the Gippsland Lakes in Victoria (Ref. 75154). Occurrence in Japan and Ryukyu Islands (Ref. 559) and Taiwan (Ref. 5193) need verification.
西南太平洋: 澳洲東部的特有種, 從在昆士蘭省到維多利亞的吉斯蘭湖的敦斯維。 在日本與琉球群島 (參考文獻 559) 與台灣 (參考文獻 5193) 的發生需要確認。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?, range 24 - ? cm
Max length : 66.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 44894); 最大體重: 4.5 kg (Ref. 6390); 最大年齡: 14 年 (Ref. 56606)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabitant estuaries, coastal rivers, creeks, lakes and bays, usually in marine or brackish water, but in dry seasons they penetrate the lowermost reaches of fresh water (Ref. 44894). Common in coastal and estuarine rocky habitat. They enter rivers upstream to the limit of brackish waters. They migrate from their feeding to their spawning grounds; they spawn mainly during winter in the vicinity of river entrances; eggs are planktonic and hatch after 2.5 days. A portion of the population changes sex from male to female after spawning. They feed on mollusks, crustaceans, worms, fish and ascidians.

常見於海岸而河口的岩石棲息地。 他們進入河溯河到半鹹淡水的極限。 他們從他們的覓食場到產卵場移動; 他們在冬天期間主要地在鄰近河入口產卵; 卵是浮游性而且在 2.5 天之後孵化。 性別轉變的族群之一從雄魚到母魚在產卵之後。 他們吃軟體動物,甲殼動物,蠕蟲,魚與海鞘類。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

A proportion of the population change sex from male to female after their first spawning season (Ref. 6390). Other fish remain functional males throughout their life and another small proportion develop directly into females at the age of 4 years (Ref. 27246, 28262). Also Ref. 28504. The eggs and larvae are planktonic (Ref. 30572). After about four weeks the developed fry enter the estuary at night on the full moon and settle in estuarine littoral areas at about 1.4 cm in length (Ref. 30572). The fry rapidly develop into juveniles and grow to about 10 cm after one year (Ref. 30572).西南太平洋: 澳洲東部的特有種, 從在昆士蘭省到維多利亞的吉斯蘭湖的敦斯維。 在日本與琉球群島 (參考文獻 559) 與台灣 (參考文獻 5193) 的發生需要確認。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Kailola, P.J., M.J. Williams, P.C. Stewart, R.E. Reichelt, A. McNee and C. Grieve, 1993. Australian fisheries resources. Bureau of Resource Sciences, Canberra, Australia. 422 p. (Ref. 6390)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 December 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 商業性; 養殖: 商業性; 游釣魚種: 是的
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 20.2 - 26.1, mean 24.7 (based on 68 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00620 - 0.02676), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  低的, 最小族群倍增時間4.5 - 14 年 (tm=3-4; tmax=14; Fec=300,000).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (55 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.