Solenostomus cyanopterus Bleeker, 1854

Ghost pipefish
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Solenostomus cyanopterus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Solenostomus cyanopterus (Ghost pipefish)
Solenostomus cyanopterus
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Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Solenostomidae (Ghost pipefishes)
Etymology: Solenostomus: Greek, solen = tube + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bleeker.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marino associati a barriera corallina; distribuzione batimetrica 0 - 25 m (Ref. 37816), usually 0 - 25 m (Ref. 37816).   Tropical

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to Australia.

Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 5463)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 5; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 17-22; Spine anali 0; Raggi anali molli: 17 - 22; Vertebre: 32 - 33. Color variable (from brown to pink or yellow) with small black and white spots; 2 elongate black spots between first 3 dorsal spines (Ref. 4263). Total body plates 27-35. Caudal fin truncate, rounded, or lanceolate. Caudal peduncle short or lost in large females (Ref. 48635). Pelvic fin sexually dimorphic, forming a brood pouch in females (Ref. 9829).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

This uncommon species is found in coastal reefs and weedy areas (Ref. 5463) or lagoon reefs, often on algal flats or seagrass beds (Ref 90102). Monogamous, always in pairs (Ref. 52884). Females carry the eggs in their pelvic fins that are modified to form a brood pouch (Ref. 205). Feed on small crustaceans (Ref. 1602).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Monogamous mating is observed as both obligate and genetic (Ref. 52884).

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore | Collaboratori

Orr, J.W. and R.A. Fritzsche, 1993. Revision of the ghost pipefishes, family Solenostomidae (Teleostei: Syngnathoidei). Copeia 1993(1):168-182. (Ref. 9829)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 11 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesca: di nessun interesse; Acquario: Acquari pubblici
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Ecologia
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.1 - 29, mean 27.8 (based on 1498 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.50 se; Based on food items.
Resilienza (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .