Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; laut; air tawar; payau berasosiasi dengan karang; kisaran kedalaman 5 - 20 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 30°N - 18°S, 31°E - 165°E (Ref. 55)
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Solomon and Mariana islands.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur
Maturity: Lm 20.1, range 12 - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 55); common length : 20.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 55)
Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 10; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 13-14; Duri dubur 3; Sirip dubur lunak: 7 - 9. This species is distinguished by the following characters: body moderately deep; greatest depth 2.5-3.0 in SL; preopercular notch and knob poorly developed; vomerine tooth patch triangular, with a medial posterior extension; gill rakers of first gill arch 6-7 + 10-14 - 16-21; caudal fin truncate to slightly emarginate; scale rows on back parallel to lateral line. Colour of back and upper sides dark brown, lower sides and belly whitish with a silver sheen; usually a series of 4-5 narrow yellow stripes on the sides below the lateral line; a distinct round, black spot on the back below the posterior part of the spinous portion of the dorsal fin (Ref. 9821, 90102).
Adults inhabit very shallow coastal habitats, often in large schools near freshwater run-offs (Ref. 48635). Juveniles often intertidal (Ref. 48635); over sand, silt, or coral rubble bottoms, occasionally in mangrove-lined streams and estuaries (Ref. 9821) They may enter freshwater to feed (Ref. 245); on small fish and invertebrates (Ref. 5213). This is a small species commonly utilized in subsistence fisheries and also seen in markets. Caught mainly with handlines, traps, and gill nets and are marketed mostly fresh (Ref. 9821).
Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
ancaman kepada manusia
Perikanan: nilai komersial kecil
AcuanBudidaya airprofil budidaya airStrainGenetikaFrekuensi alelDiturunkanPenyakit-penyakitPengolahanMass conversion
mitraGambarStamps, Coins Misc.Suara-suaraCiguateraKecepatanTipe renangArea insangOtolithsOtakPenglihatan / visi
muat turun XML
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.9 - 29.3, mean 28.6 °C (based on 2891 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.01036 - 0.02426), b=2.95 (2.83 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 1.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179
): Tinggi, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum kurang dari 15 bulan (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
keancaman (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .