Epinephelus daemelii, Saddletail grouper : fisheries, gamefish

Epinephelus daemelii (Günther, 1876)

Saddletail grouper
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Epinephelus daemelii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Epinephelus daemelii (Saddletail grouper)
Epinephelus daemelii
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Perciformes/Serranoidei (Groupers) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Epinephelus: Greek, epinephelos = cloudy (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Günther.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding ? - 50 m (Ref. 5222). Subtropical; 25°S - 43°S, 136°E - 177°W (Ref. 5222)

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Southwest Pacific: Australia, Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, Kermadec Islands and New Zealand (North Island and Poor Knights Island). The Australian range extends from southern Queensland to Kangaroo Island off South Australia; also reported from the Bass Strait.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 9710); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 68.0 kg (Ref. 4787)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 9; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 14; Anale stekels 3; Anale zachte stralen: 8

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Found on rocky substrata from near shore to at least 50 m. It is an aggressive territorial species that may occupy a particular cave for life. Small individuals feed on crabs and small fishes. Sexual transition reported to occur at 100-110 cm (Ref. 6787). Large individuals are often attracted by divers (Ref. 9710). An esteemed food fish avidly sought by anglers and spear fishermen.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Medewerkers

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Bijna bedreigd (NT) ; Date assessed: 18 November 2016

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16.4 - 24.3, mean 17.9 °C (based on 56 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00555 - 0.02374), b=3.04 (2.88 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.70 se; based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  zeer laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd meer dan 14 jaar (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (90 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 6.71 [3.20, 16.77] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.446 [0.218, 0.903] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.4 [17.8, 20.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.15 [0.08, 0.28] g/100g ; Selenium = 23.9 [11.2, 49.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 93.3 [21.6, 360.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.7 [0.4, 1.2] mg/100g (wet weight);