Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas)
(Anglerfishes) > Lophiidae
Etymology: Lophius: Greek, lophos = crest (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; marinhas batidemersal; intervalo de profundidade 20 - 1000 m (Ref. 6302). Deep-water; 75°N - 30°N, 28°W - 46°E (Ref. 54568)
Eastern Atlantic: south-western Barents Sea to Strait of Gibraltar including the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Reported from Iceland (Ref. 4712) and Mauritania (Ref. 5377). North Atlantic specimens attain larger sizes than those collected off West Africa and they also occur in shallower depths.
Comprimento de primeira maturação / Tamanho / Peso / Idade
Maturity: Lm ?, range 35 - 60 cm
Max length : 200 cm SL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 4712); common length : 100.0 cm SL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 4712); peso máx. publicado: 57.7 kg (Ref. 40637); idade máx. registrada: 24 anos (Ref. 46508)
Morfologia | Morfometria
Espinhos dorsais (total): 8; Raios dorsais (total): 11-12; Raios anais : 9 - 10. Peritoneum pale. Head and body depressed. Mouth wide and cavernous. Skin thin and loose, scales absent. Esca bifid, 2 broad, flattened , leaf-like blades. Dorsal spines long, stout and bearing many well-developed tendrils; 4th spine greater than snout width (Ref. 4712).
Occurs on sandy and muddy bottoms from the coast (below 20 m, Ref. 12382) down to depths of 1,000 m. May also be found on rocky bottoms (Ref. 12382). It lies half-buried in the sediment waiting for its prey. It attracts prey by means of its fishing filament (Ref. 5377). Feeds mainly on fishes, occasionally sea-birds. Marketed fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, sautéed, broiled, boiled, fried, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988). It is a well-studied species in Europe and is sold without the skin and the head under the name 'queue de Lotte' (Ref. 5377). Does not adapt well in home aquariums due to its large size (Ref. 12382).
Caruso, J.H., 1986. Lophiidae. p. 1362-1363. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, Volume 3. Unesco, Paris. (Ref. 4712)
Status na Lista Vermelha da UICN (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Ameaça para os humanos
Uso pelos humanos
Pescarias: altamente comercial
Fontes da internet
Estimativas de algumas propriedades baseadas em modelos
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 3.8 - 14.2, mean 7.7 (based on 468 cells).
Índice de diversidade filogenética (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.01350 - 0.02236), b=2.90 (2.83 - 2.97), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 69278
): médio(a), tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (K=0.07-0.33; tm=4.5-14; tmax=24; Fec=1 million).
Prior r = 0.48, 95% CL = 0.36 - 0.64, Based on 6 stock assessments.
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (72 of 100) .