Saurida lessepsianus Russell, Golani & Tikochinski, 2015

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Saurida lessepsianus
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Classification / Names Κοινά ονόματα | Συνώνυμα | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ακτινοπτερύγιοι > Aulopiformes (Grinners) > Synodontidae (Lizardfishes) > Harpadontinae
Etymology: Saurida: Derived from Greek, sauros = lizard (Ref. 45335);  lessepsianus: Name referring to its distribution in both the Red Sea and eastern Mediterranean Sea, it having migrated from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean via the Suez Canal, known as 'Lessepsian migration'.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Οικολογία

; Θαλασσινό(ά) βενθοπελαγικό; εύρος βάθους 20 - 100 m (Ref. 101631), usually 20 - 30 m (Ref. 101631).   Subtropical

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Meditteranean and Western Indian Ocean: widespread in the Red Sea, including the Gulf of Suez where it is very common.

Μέγεθος / Βάρος / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.2 cm SL αρσενικό/απροσδιόριστο; (Ref. 101631)

Short description Μορφολογία | Μορφομετρία

Μαλακές ραχιαίες ακτίνες (συνολικά): 11-12; Μαλακές εδρικές ακτίνες: 10 - 12; Σπόνδυλοι: 44 - 47. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: 11-12 dorsal fin-rays; 13-15 pectoral fin-rays; 47-51 lateral-line scales; 4½ transverse scale rows above lateral line, 5½ below lateral line; moderately long pectoral fins (tip of fin extending to between just before or just beyond a line from origin of pelvic fins to origin of dorsal fin); outer palatines with 2 rows of teeth; vomer with 0-2 teeth; tongue with 3-6 rows of teeth posteriorly; slightly compressed caudal peduncle (depth a little more than width); upper margin of caudal fin has a row of 3-8 (usually 6 or 7) distinct blackish spots; color of stomach pale grey to blackish anteriorly; intestine whitish (Ref. 101631).

Βιολογία     Γλωσσάρι (π.χ. epibenthic)

The species is found mainly on sandy or muddy substrates to about 100 m, but observed to be more common inshore close to islands or coasts in depths of 20-30 m. Mainly piscivorous. Spawning season prolonged and occurs nearly all the year round, in the Gulf of Suez with two peaks in December and May (El-Halfawy et al. 2007). In the Mediterranean, spawning season off the coast of Israel lasts from March to December (Golani 1993), whereas at Iskenderun Bay, Turkey, spawning occurs mainly in two seasons (May-July and September-November) (??men 2003). Reported to be important in the trawl fishery of the Gulf of Suez and the Mediterranean coast of Egypt, where it is in a state of high overfishing and severe overexploitation. In the Mediterranean, it was rather uncommon until 1955, when it started to appear in large quantities in bottom trawl catches (according to Ben-Yami & Glaser 1974, Ref. 1289; Bileceno?lu 2010, Ref. 94612); catches have since remained high, with some fluctuations (Golani 1993, Ref. 38081). Also reported to be an economically important fish in the Mersin and Iskenderun Gulfs, Turkey and is among the most common species caught in the trawl fishery, comprising almost one-third of the commercial trawl catch in the north-eastern Levant (Ref. 101631).

Life cycle and mating behavior Γεννητική Ωρίμανση | Αναπαραγωγή | Γεννοβολία | Αβγά | Γονιμότητα | Προνύμφες

Main reference Upload your references | Αναφορές | Συντονιστής | Συνεργάτες

Russell, B.C., D. Golani and Y. Tikochinski, 2015. Saurida lessepsianus a new species of lizardfish (Pisces: Synodontidae) from the Red Sea and Mediterranean Sea, with a key to Saurida species in the Red Sea. Zootaxa 3956(4):559-568. (Ref. 101631)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 28 June 2018

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

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Διαδικτυακές πηγές

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Δέντρο Ζωής | Wikipedia(Go, αναζήτηση) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00236 - 0.01017), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Τροφικό Επίπεδο (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Ελαστικότητα (Ref. 69278):  Υψηλό, ελάχιστος χρόνος για διπλασιασμό πληθυσμού < 15 μήνες (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .