Squalus formosus White & Iglésias, 2011

Taiwan spurdog
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Squalus formosus
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Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (tubarões e raias) (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Squalidae (Dogfish sharks)
Etymology: Squalus: Genus name from Latin 'squalus' meaning shark (Ref. 6885, 27436);  formosus: The epithet formosus is based on the Portuguese word Formosa, an alternative name for Taiwan, in allusion to the type locality of this species.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas.   Subtropical

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Pacific Ocean: Taiwan and Japan. Type specimens were collected from the fish landing site at Tashi (c. 24‹ 50Œ S) in north-eastern Taiwan, but depth of capture unknown. Also recorded from waters off Kyushu (c. 32‹ N) and Shikoku (c. 33‹ 20Œ N) (Chen et al., 1979).(Ref. 87791).

Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 73.4 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 87791); 81.4 cm TL (female)

Descrição breve Morfologia | Morfometria

A medium-sized species of Squalus of the ‘highfin megalops group’ is characterized by the following combination of characters: snout relatively short; first dorsal fin tall and upright, upper posterior margin almost straight; caudal fin with broad white posterior margin, no dark caudal bar; flank denticles tricuspid. These characters clearly differentiate this species from the three other sympatric Squalus species. Squalus formosus is morphologically closest to S. albifrons from eastern Australia but differs in the following characters: first dorsal fin with a distinct, broad white anterior margin (v. no distinct white marking); second dorsal fin height 5.7–6.4 v. 4.3–5.1% LT; first dorsal fin height 9.0–10.5 v. 7.7–8.9% LT, anterior margin 12.4–14.6 v. 10.9–12.7% LT; eye slightly larger 4.8–5.3 v. 4.4–4.8% LT. Squalus formosus can be further distinguished from other Squalus species in the following combination of characters: pre-second dorsal length 3.7–4.4 times pectoral-fin anterior margin; preoral length 2.2–2.3 times horizontal prenarial length; head length 4.0–4.7 times eye length; interorbital width 1.4–1.6 times horizontal preorbital length; posterior margin of second dorsal fin deeply concave; second dorsal-fin spine with a broad base; dorsal surface of head dark, sharply demarcated from paler ventral surface; 45–46 monospondylous centra, 94–95 precaudal centra, 123–124 total centra; adult maximum size at least 73 cm LT (Ref. 87791).

Biologia     Glossário (ex. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Colaboradores

White, W.T. and S.P. Iglésias, 2011. Squalus formosus, a new species of spurdog shark (Squaliformes: Squalidae), from the western North Pacific Ocean. J. Fish Biol. (Ref. 87791)

Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para o homem

  Harmless





Utilização humana

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Fontes da internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Consultar FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genoma, nucleotídeo) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Bases de dados nacionais | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Árvore da vida | Wikipedia(ir para, procurar) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Registo zoológico

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00331 (0.00153 - 0.00716), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  Baixo, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 4,5 - 14 anos ().
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .