Chelonodon patoca (Hamilton, 1822)

Milkspotted puffer
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Chelonodon patoca   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Chelonodon patoca (Milkspotted puffer)
Chelonodon patoca
Picture by Iranian Fisheries Research Organization (IFRO)

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Tetraodontidae (Puffers) > Tetraodontinae
Etymology: Chelonodon: Greek, chelone = turtle + Greek, odous ) teeth (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Hamilton.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut; air tawar; payau berasosiasi dengan karang; anadromus (ruaya dari laut ke air tawar) (Ref. 51243); kisaran kedalaman 4 - 60 m (Ref. 86942).   Tropical; 23°C - 28°C (Ref. 2060); 39°N - 35°S, 20°E - 150°E

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Admiralty Islands, New Britain and Trobiand Islands, north to China, south to northern Australia.

Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm SL jantan/; (Ref. 48637)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 0; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 9-11; Duri dubur 0; Sirip dubur lunak: 8 - 10. Body covered with prickles (Ref. 559).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Inhabits coastal waters and enters the lower reaches of rivers and lagoons (Ref. 4833). Occurs on sand and mudflats, usually in estuaries (Ref. 48637). Usually found around the mouths of rivers or in brackish mangrove estuaries and sometimes penetrates fresh water, but is never found more than a few km from the sea (Ref. 2847, 44894). Often in schools and sometimes swims up freshwater streams (Ref. 48637). Considered a delicacy in Japan (Ref. 12484).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Oviparous (Ref. 205).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator : Matsuura, Keiichi | mitra

Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. (Ref. 7050)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)

  kurang bimbang (LC) ; Date assessed: 08 June 2011

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Poisonous to eat (Ref. 12484)





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: nilai komersial kecil
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

informasi lanjut

Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25 - 29.1, mean 28.2 (based on 1414 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02692 (0.01624 - 0.04462), b=2.93 (2.79 - 3.07), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Very high.