Apogonichthyoides umbratilis Fraser & Allen, 2010

Cryptic cardinalfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Apogonichthyoides umbratilis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Apogonichthyoides umbratilis (Cryptic cardinalfish)
Apogonichthyoides umbratilis
Picture by Allen, G.R.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Apogonidae (Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: umbratilis: Name from a Latin word meaning 'of the shade', retired or private, referring to the observed cryptic behavior.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; diepteverspreiding 20 - 60 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

East Indian to Western Pacific: Western Australia, Indonesia, Brunei and Palau.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.1 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 83499)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 8; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 9-10; Anale stekels 2; Anale zachte stralen: 8 - 9. This species is characterized by having a blackish spot on the first-dorsal fin; 5 brownish bars on body and caudal peduncle; broad faint cheek mark; high postocular darkish spot; 14 pectoral-fin rays with a tiny to small darkish spot above the axil (Ref. 83499).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

This species is usually found solitary or in pairs at about 10-40 meters. It also displays a cryptic behavior, at least during daylight hours, sheltering between rocks and rubble. It has not been observed free swimming, but only when flushed from its lair with the use of clove-oil or rotenone. Specimens collected were living in a rubble field in sheltered waters at the base of a small islet or were found under rock slabs on a submerged patch reef (several km from shore) with abundant sponges and gorgonians and minimal hard corals. Some specimens were also collected from a flat sand and shell bottom with abundant Gonipora, some Fungia and considerable macroalgae (Ref. 83499)..

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Mouthbrooders. Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Fraser, T.H. and G.R. Allen, 2010. Cardinalfish of the genus Apogonichthyoides Smith, 1949 (Apogonidae) with a description of a new species from the West-Pacific region. Zootaxa 2348:40-56. (Ref. 83499)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Bekijk FishWatcher gegevens | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genoom, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(ga naar, zoek) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.3 - 28.5, mean 27.6 (based on 221 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00729 - 0.03291), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden ().
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .