Scartella itajobi

Scartella itajobi Rangel & Mendes, 2009

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Scartella itajobi
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Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Blenniidae (Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: itajobi: The name signifies 'green stone or emerald' (ita = stone; jobi =green) in 'Tupi', a native South-American language; refers to the emerald-green color of the species and an allusion to its type locality known as 'The Emerald of Atlantic'.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin démersal.   Tropical; 3°S - 4°S, 32°W - 33°W

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Atlantic Ocean, Western South: Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, a volcanic island located 345km off northeastern Brazil. Considered as endemic of the Noronha-Rocas island complex (Ref. 80496).

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.7 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 80496)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 12; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 13-15; Épines anales 2; Rayons mous anaux: 15 - 16. Distinguished from its Atlantic congeners by the following combination of characters: a small blue spot on the 2nd dorsal spine (noted mainly in adult males), head with tiny black spots (vs. speckles absent in Scartella cristata), modally 14 segmented dorsal-fin rays (vs. 15 in S. cristata from Brazilian localities, S. caboverdiana, and S. nuchifilis; and 16 in S. springeri), modally 15 segmented anal-fin rays (vs. 16 in S. poiti, 17 in S. cristata from Brazilian localities, S. caboverdiana, and S. nuchifilis; and 18 in S. springeri), and modally 23 caudal vertebrae (vs. 24 in S. cristata from other Brazilian localities, S. caboverdiana, and S. nuchifilis; and 25 in S. springeri) (Ref. 80496).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Collected in shallow-waters and tide pools of the type locality. Similar to its congeners, this species is extremely tolerant to salinity and temperature variations. Some individuals were also found in small crevices of emerged rocks (2 meters above sea surface), remaining up to 20 minutes out of the water, probably avoiding predators. (Ref. 80496). Similar to its congeners, this species is oviparous. Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref. 94114). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Williams, Jeffrey T. | Collaborateurs

Rangel, C.A. and L.F. Mendes, 2009. Review of blenniid fishes from Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, Brazil, with description of a new species of Scartella (Teleostei: Blenniidae). Zootaxa 2006:51-61. (Ref. 80496)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 23 March 2011

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(génôme, nucléotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia(aller à, chercher) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00452 - 0.02316), b=3.00 (2.81 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Haut, temps minimum de doublement de population inférieur à 15 mois (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .