Scartella itajobi

Scartella itajobi Rangel & Mendes, 2009

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Scartella itajobi
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Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Blenniidae (Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: itajobi: The name signifies 'green stone or emerald' (ita = stone; jobi =green) in 'Tupi', a native South-American language; refers to the emerald-green color of the species and an allusion to its type locality known as 'The Emerald of Atlantic'.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien demersaal.   Tropical; 3°S - 4°S, 32°W - 33°W

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Atlantic Ocean, Western South: Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, a volcanic island located 345km off northeastern Brazil. Considered as endemic of the Noronha-Rocas island complex (Ref. 80496).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.7 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 80496)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 12; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 13-15; Anale stekels 2; Anale zachte stralen: 15 - 16. Distinguished from its Atlantic congeners by the following combination of characters: a small blue spot on the 2nd dorsal spine (noted mainly in adult males), head with tiny black spots (vs. speckles absent in Scartella cristata), modally 14 segmented dorsal-fin rays (vs. 15 in S. cristata from Brazilian localities, S. caboverdiana, and S. nuchifilis; and 16 in S. springeri), modally 15 segmented anal-fin rays (vs. 16 in S. poiti, 17 in S. cristata from Brazilian localities, S. caboverdiana, and S. nuchifilis; and 18 in S. springeri), and modally 23 caudal vertebrae (vs. 24 in S. cristata from other Brazilian localities, S. caboverdiana, and S. nuchifilis; and 25 in S. springeri) (Ref. 80496).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Collected in shallow-waters and tide pools of the type locality. Similar to its congeners, this species is extremely tolerant to salinity and temperature variations. Some individuals were also found in small crevices of emerged rocks (2 meters above sea surface), remaining up to 20 minutes out of the water, probably avoiding predators. (Ref. 80496). Similar to its congeners, this species is oviparous. Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref. 94114). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Williams, Jeffrey T. | Medewerkers

Rangel, C.A. and L.F. Mendes, 2009. Review of blenniid fishes from Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, Brazil, with description of a new species of Scartella (Teleostei: Blenniidae). Zootaxa 2006:51-61. (Ref. 80496)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 23 March 2011

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00452 - 0.02316), b=3.00 (2.81 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .