Scartella itajobi

Scartella itajobi Rangel & Mendes, 2009

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Scartella itajobi
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Blenniidae (Combtooth blennies) 鳚科 (Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: itajobi: The name signifies 'green stone or emerald' (ita = stone; jobi =green) in 'Tupi', a native South-American language; refers to the emerald-green color of the species and an allusion to its type locality known as 'The Emerald of Atlantic'.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 居於水底的.    ; 3°S - 4°S, 32°W - 33°W

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Atlantic Ocean, Western South: Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, a volcanic island located 345km off northeastern Brazil. Considered as endemic of the Noronha-Rocas island complex (Ref. 80496).

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.7 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 80496)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 12; 背的軟條 (總數): 13-15; 臀棘 2; 臀鰭軟條: 15 - 16. Distinguished from its Atlantic congeners by the following combination of characters: a small blue spot on the 2nd dorsal spine (noted mainly in adult males), head with tiny black spots (vs. speckles absent in Scartella cristata), modally 14 segmented dorsal-fin rays (vs. 15 in S. cristata from Brazilian localities, S. caboverdiana, and S. nuchifilis; and 16 in S. springeri), modally 15 segmented anal-fin rays (vs. 16 in S. poiti, 17 in S. cristata from Brazilian localities, S. caboverdiana, and S. nuchifilis; and 18 in S. springeri), and modally 23 caudal vertebrae (vs. 24 in S. cristata from other Brazilian localities, S. caboverdiana, and S. nuchifilis; and 25 in S. springeri) (Ref. 80496).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Collected in shallow-waters and tide pools of the type locality. Similar to its congeners, this species is extremely tolerant to salinity and temperature variations. Some individuals were also found in small crevices of emerged rocks (2 meters above sea surface), remaining up to 20 minutes out of the water, probably avoiding predators. (Ref. 80496). Similar to its congeners, this species is oviparous. Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref. 94114). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205).

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Williams, Jeffrey T. | 合作者

Rangel, C.A. and L.F. Mendes, 2009. Review of blenniid fishes from Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, Brazil, with description of a new species of Scartella (Teleostei: Blenniidae). Zootaxa 2006:51-61. (Ref. 80496)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 23 March 2011

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00452 - 0.02316), b=3.00 (2.81 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .