Candidia pingtungensis

Candidia pingtungensis Chen, Wu & Hsu, 2008

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Candidia pingtungensis
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Cypriniformes (Carps) 鯉形目 (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) 鯉科 (Minnows or carps) > ex-danioninae
Etymology: Candidia: Latin, candidus, candere = to be white, glisten (Ref. 45335);  pingtungensis: Named after the County Pingtung in southern Taiwan.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水 底中水層性; pH range: 7.5 - 8.8.   

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Asia: Tongkang River southwards to all western drainages of Hengchuen Peninsula and also to the eastern drainage of the Kongkou River and most of Pingtung Country, Taiwan.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.4 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 79878)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背的軟條 (總數): 10; 臀鰭軟條: 12 - 13; 脊椎骨: 44 - 46. Diagnosed from all other species of the genus Candidia by the following unique combination of characters: dorsal fin with iii,7 rays; anal fin with iii,9-10 rays; pectoral fin with I, 14 rays ; scales on lateral line 46-50; scales above lateral line 9-10; scales below lateral line 3-4; predorsal scales 19-21; gill rakers 2+6 (total 8); pharyngeal teeth always 1,3,5 -4,4,1; shallow ventral keel on the posterior half of region between pelvic fin and anus; cheek with a series of 3-5 nuptial tubercles on cheek and lower jaw in adult males with 5-7 nuptial tubercles; eye large, eye diameter about equal to cheek depth in adult male; body with a uniform broad, longitudinal black stripe from upper opercle, through mid-lateral to caudal fin base; dorsal side dark grayish, a broad silvery white stripe just above the longitudinal black stripe; ventral side silvery-white; dorsal fin pinkish-red with distal transverse black bars in male; and eye with red-black region on dorsal two-third of eye iris (Ref. 79878).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs in the anterior portion of pools and edge-water habitats up to 2 m depth with benthic substratum composed of small pebbles to large boulders under slow to moderate water flow, in small and very clear tributaries and headwaters with better shaded vegetation along the stream bank (Ref. 79878).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Chen, I.-S., J.-H. Wu and C.-H. Hsu, 2008. The taxonomy and phylogeny of Candidia (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from Taiwan, with description of a new species and comments on a new genus. The Raffles Bull. Zool. 19:203-214. (Ref. 79878)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

 





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網路資源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因組, 核甘) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 國家資料庫 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia(, 搜尋) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 動物學的記錄

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00220 - 0.00907), b=3.13 (2.95 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .