Variola albimarginata Baissac, 1953

White-edged lyretail
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Variola albimarginata
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) 鮨科 (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Variola: Latin, variolus = pustule, pock (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 4 - 200 m (Ref. 5222), usually 12 - 90 m (Ref. 37816).   熱帶; 29°N - 26°S, 38°E - 171°W (Ref. 5222)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: east coast of Africa (Zanzibar and Mafia Island, Tanzania) to Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Queensland, Australia.
印度-太平洋: 非洲東岸 (桑吉巴與黑手黨島, 坦尚尼亞) 到薩摩亞, 北至琉球群島, 南至澳洲的昆士蘭省。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?, range 67 - ? cm
Max length : 65.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 48635)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 9; 背的軟條 (總數): 14; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 8. This species is distinguished by the following characters: body oblong, its depth 2.8-3.5 in SL; preopercle rounded, finely serrate, the lower edge fleshy; opercle with 3 flat spines; upper edge of operculum almost straight; rear nostrils not much bigger than anterior nostrils; front of jaws with a pair of large canine teeth; 1-3 large canines at midside of lower jaw; gill rakers of first gill arch 7-9 + 13-16 = 20-25 (including 4 to 7 rudiments on each limb); caudal fin lunate, the upper and lower lobes produced, about twice length of middle rays; pectoral-fin rays 17-19; lateral-line scales 66-76, in series 109-127. Colour of head, body and fins generally reddish with small irregular pale blue to pink spots; 3-4 diffuse pale saddle on back; broad caudal fin usually dusky, with narrow white posterior margin or edge (yellow in V. louti); juveniles similar in colour to adults, but with relatively fewer and larger pale blue or pink spots (Ref. 39231, 89707, 90102).
能被與 V. louti 區分藉由細的白色邊緣在它的尾部。 (參考文獻 37816)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

A generally uncommon species that inhabits seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Juveniles inshore on algae and soft coral reefs, usually swimming well above the substrate, looking much like a basslet (Ref. 48635). Solitary (Ref 90102) or found in small groups (Ref. 11888). Feeds on fishes. Of little interest to fisheries, because of its small size and rarity, but flesh is excellent. Caught with handline, traps, and spear (Ref. 39231).

居住於臨海礁石的一個不常見的種.(參考文獻 9710) 稚魚在沿海地區的藻類與軟珊瑚礁, 通常游泳在底部上面一些的水域, 看起來很像一個花鱸.(參考文獻 48635) 形成小群魚群.(參考文獻 11888) 吃魚。 肉嚐起來優良。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

印度-太平洋: 非洲東岸 (桑吉巴與黑手黨島, 坦尚尼亞) 到薩摩亞, 北至琉球群島, 南至澳洲的昆士蘭省。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Heemstra, Phillip C. | 合作者

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 December 2017

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.9 - 28.9, mean 27.7 (based on 1802 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00851 - 0.02138), b=3.07 (2.94 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.80 se; Based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  低的, 最小族群倍增時間4.5 - 14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.