Cichla temensis Humboldt, 1821

Speckled pavon
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Cichla temensis
Picture by Fürderer, H.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) 麗魚科 (Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: Cichla: Greek, kichle = wrasse (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 底中水层性; pH range: 5.5 - 6.5.   熱帶; 27°C - 29°C (Ref. 13614)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

South America: Amazon River basin in the Negro and Uatumã River drainages; Orinoco River basin in tributaries of the Orinoco River in Venezuela and Colombia.
南美洲: 尼格羅河與 Uatuma 河流域的亞馬遜河流域; 在委內瑞拉與哥倫比亞的奧里諾科河河的支流的奧里諾科河河流域。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 31 - 36 cm
Max length : 99.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 40637); 最大体重: 12.2 kg (Ref. 40637)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

Diagnosis: A large, elongate species with small scales (E1 row scales 98-128, usually more than 110, vs. usually less than 110 in other species of Cichla). Postorbital band is present, entire, may be irregular but does not consist of scattered spots, vs. absent or present as scattered spots in other species of Cichla species. Lateral line is usually continuous. It is most similar to C. pinima and C. vazzoleri, sharing subadult to young adult color pattern including dark midlateral band and four rows of regularly arranged light spots along side, but light spots slightly elongate instead of round. It is different from C. pinima and C. vazzoleri in lacking dark lateral blotches with intensified light margins; vertical bars when expressed entire, never forming round blotches; ocellated blotches on dorsal side absent at all sizes; postorbital band entire (vs. expressed as scattered dark blotches); dark blotch associated with preopercle absent (present in C. vazzoleri); lateral line nearly always continuous (vs. usually discontinuous in C. vazzoleri) (Ref. 57716).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occupies deeper littoral areas in lagoons and sandy and rocky banks of the main river channel. Feeds mainly on small fish (especially characids measuring <10 cm SL) (Ref. 26329, 27531). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Has been introduced to Florida and Texas, but is considered not established yet.

在主要河峡道的泻湖与沙与岩石岸中占领比较深的海滨区域。 主要吃小鱼 (尤其脂鲤测量 <10 公分 SL) 。 (参考文献 26329,27531) 卵生的.(参考文献 205) 曾经引进佛罗里达与德克萨斯, 但是一般认为不仍然建立。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Oviparous (Ref. 205).南美洲: 尼格羅河與 Uatuma 河流域的亞馬遜河流域; 在委內瑞拉與哥倫比亞的奧里諾科河河的支流的奧里諾科河河流域。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Kullander, Sven O. | 合作者

Kullander, S.O., 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36377)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  不评价 

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 养殖: 商业性; 游钓鱼种: 是的; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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生态毒物学
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成熟度
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孕卵数

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.16).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.