Centrophorus zeehaani White, Ebert & Compagno, 2008

Southern dogfish
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Centrophorus zeehaani   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鰓亞綱 (鯊魚與魟魚) (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) 角鯊目 (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Centrophoridae (Gulper sharks) 刺鯊科 (Gulper sharks)
Etymology: Centrophorus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335);  zeehaani: Named for the commercial vessel, Zeehaan.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 深海底的; 深度上下限 208 - 701 m (Ref. 76933), usually 400 - ? m (Ref. 76933).   

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Indian and Pacific oceans of Australia (Ref. 76933) and in India (Ref. 118627).

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 91.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 76933); 102.7 cm TL (female)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

This moderate-sized species has the following set of adult characters: length of pre-second dorsal 62.8-64.8% TL, 8.3-9.8 times dorsal-caudal space; length of pre-first dorsal 28.3-30.7% TL; interdorsal space 20.0-23.7% TL, 3.0-3.5 times the dorsal-caudal space; dorsal-caudal space 6.4-7.9% TL, 4.2-4.7 in pectoral-pelvic space; long and moderately robust head, its length 23.3-24.3% TL, 2.5-2.9 times mouth width and its width 11.8-13.1% TL, 4.9-5.4 in pre-second dorsal length, width at anterior of nostrils 5.5-6.3% TL; moderately long snout, its pre-oral length 9.4-10.1% TL, 1.6-1.9 times head height at anterior of mouth, 1.0-1.2 times mouth width; horizontal preorbital length 5.6-6.3% TL; horizontal prenarial length 3.4-4.2% TL); large mouth, its width 8.3-9.6% TL; moderately sized pectoral fin, its anterior margin 11.4-12.6% TL, 2.3-2.8 times base length; large caudal fin, its dorsal caudal margin 17.9-20.8% TL; 2.6-2.9 times dorsal-caudal space; moderately-sized first dorsal fin, its height 6.0-7.0% TL, with a relatively robust spine, its base width 0.9-1.2% TL; dorsal fins of juveniles have a distinct blackish margin extending from mid-anterior margin to near free rear tip while in adults with a less distinct, but obvious, dark margin; adults of both sexes with upper teeth upright, only slightly oblique laterally, different shape, and much smaller than lower teeth; juveniles with more oblique cusps, but not strongly oblique; 37-45/30-33 tooth row count (based on non-type skeletal specimens, n=8); flank denticles are flat, block-like, not overlapping, scalloped edges; 114-117 (mean 115.4) total vertebral centra, 54-56 (55.2) monospondylous precaudal centra; 28-31 (29.4) diplospondylous precaudal centra; 84-86 (84.7) precaudal centra; 31 (30-32) diplospondylous caudal centra (Ref. 76933).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)


Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | 合作者

White, W.T., D.A. Ebert and L.J.V. Compagno, 2008. Description of two new species of gulper sharks, genus Centrophorus (Chondrichthyes: Squaliformes: Centrophoridae) from Australia. pp. 1-21. In P.R. Last, W.T. White and J.J. Pogonoski (eds). Descriptions of new Australian chondrichthyans. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper no. 22. 365 p. (Ref. 76933)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 5.8 - 11.8, mean 10.3 (based on 18 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00257 (0.00119 - 0.00554), b=3.19 (3.00 - 3.38), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  非常低的, 最小族群倍增時間超過14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .