Centrophorus westraliensis White, Ebert & Compagno, 2008

Western gulper shark
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Centrophorus westraliensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Centrophorus westraliensis
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鰓亞綱 (鯊魚與魟魚) (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) 角鯊目 (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Centrophoridae (Gulper sharks) 刺鯊科 (Gulper sharks)
Etymology: Centrophorus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335);  westraliensis: Named for its known geographic range, Western Australia.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 深海底的; 深度上下限 616 - 750 m (Ref. 76933).   

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 90.9 cm TL (female)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

This moderate-sized species has the following set of adult characters: length of pre-second dorsal 63.8-64.9% TL, 8.8-9.7 times dorsal-caudal space; length of pre-first dorsal 31.3-32.7% TL; interdorsal space 20.3-21.5% TL, 2.8-3.1 times dorsal-caudal space; dorsal-caudal space 6.7-7.3% TL, 4.4-4.9 in pectoral-pelvic space; long and moderately robust head, its length 23.2-24.7% TL, 3.1- 3.2 times mouth width, its width 11.7–12.8% TL, 5.1-5.5 in pre-second dorsal length; width at anterior of nostrils 7.1-7.6% TL; long snout, its preoral length 10.9-12.4% TL, 2.0-2.2 times head height at anterior of mouth, 1.4-1.6 times mouth width; horizontal preorbital length 7.0-7.8% TL; horizontal prenarial length 4.5-4.9% TL; moderately large mouth, its width 7.6–7.8% TL; large pectoral fin, its anterior margin 12.9-14.2% TL, 2.6-2.8 times base length; large caudal fin, its dorsal caudal margin 17.4-20.2% TL; 2.6-2.9 times dorsal-caudal space; moderately-sized first dorsal fin, its height 5.5-6.4% TL, with relatively robust spine, its base width 1.1-1.2% TL; dorsal fins of juveniles have a distinct blackish oblique blotch anteriorly and a white blotch on the upper posterior margin; in adults a less distinct dark blotch which is usually still apparent in fresh specimens and with white blotch restricted to a narrow white posterior margin which can be indistinct in larger preserved specimens; females and an immature male with upper teeth strongly oblique, similar in shape, but much smaller than lower teeth; 38/29.teeth count in holotype; adults with flank denticles flat, not overlapping, with scalloped edges; 112-117 (mean 115.3) total vertebral centra; 55-57 (55.8) monospondylous precaudal centra; 29-33 (31) diplospondylous precaudal centra; 85-88 (86.8) precaudal centra; 27-30 (28.5) diplospondylous caudal centra (Ref. 76933).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)


Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | 合作者

White, W.T., D.A. Ebert and L.J.V. Compagno, 2008. Description of two new species of gulper sharks, genus Centrophorus (Chondrichthyes: Squaliformes: Centrophoridae) from Australia. pp. 1-21. In P.R. Last, W.T. White and J.J. Pogonoski (eds). Descriptions of new Australian chondrichthyans. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper no. 22. 365 p. (Ref. 76933)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  資料不足 (DD) ; Date assessed: 17 February 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 1.7 - 8.2, mean 6.9 (based on 11 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00257 (0.00119 - 0.00554), b=3.19 (3.00 - 3.38), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  非常低的, 最小族群倍增時間超過14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .