Classification / Names
आम नाम | उपशब्द | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
ऐकटीनोप्टीरेजी (रेज़-फिन्नढ मछलियाँ)
(Perch-likes) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Cheilininae
Etymology: Epibulus: Greek, epi = over, in front + Greek, boleo = to throw (Ref. 45335); brevis: Name from Latin meaning short, refers to its distinctly smaller size. More on authors: Carlson, Randall & Dawson.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; समुद्री प्रवाल-भित्ति संयुक्त; गहराई सीमा 3 - 18 m (Ref. 75789). Tropical
Western Pacific: Palau, Philippines, Papua New Guinea and Indonesia.
आकार / वज़न / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.5 cm SL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 75789); 13.5 cm SL (female)
आकृति विज्ञान | मौरफोमैटरिक्स
पृष्ठीय रीढ़ (सम्पूर्ण): 9; पृष्ठीय सौफट रेज़ (सम्पूर्ण): 10; गुदा कांटा 3; ऐनल सौफट रेज़: 8. This species is distinguished from its only congener Epibulus insidiator by the relatively drab coloration of the male; a prominent black pigment on the pectoral fins of most females (vs. absent); smaller size with slightly longer pectoral fins, 23.1-26.2% SL (vs. 20.5-23.3% SL); genetically as determined by mitochondrial DNA analysis; jaw structure very long, its posterior end nearly reaching origin of pelvic fins, and it is extremely protrusible; D IX, 10; A III, 9; pectoral rays 12; lateral line interrupted, 14-15 + 7-9 scales; gill rakers 16-19 (modally 17); females varying from dark to light brown, gray, yellow, to nearly white, with narrow black bar on scales of body except ventrally and posteriorly; males dark brown to gray or dark greenish on body, the head at least partly green with no black stripe through eye; yellow band in lobes of caudal fin; no black on pectoral fins (Ref. 75789).
This species inhabits protected inshore waters and is a protogynous hermaphrodite. It has been observed to spawn on several occasions in Palau at Ngerikuul (Nikko Bay) and Cemetery Reef (W side of Ngeruktabel) in the late afternoon, generally about 1600 when sunset is around 1800, and not correlated with high tide. Courtship and spawning were found to be variable; distinct from that of E. insidiator. The males do not display in such an obvious manner as E. insidiator, but they do swim conspicuously around a putative territory, often a short distance above the bottom, but sometimes higher in the water column, presumably to be more visible to the females. The male’s courtship posture is distinctly different from that of its congener, with caudal fin folded, and the dorsal and anal fins held closely to the body. The males swim around prospective females, displaying in a very subtle manner. The spawning rush varies, ranging from a low arch to a short and relatively slow upward movement. At the time of spawning the median fins of the male are more widely spread. Stomach contents contain remains of crabs and shrimps, and other unidentified crustaceans (Ref. 75789). A solitary species (Ref. 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
परिपक्व अवधि | पुनरुत्पत्ति | मछलीऔ का अंडे देना | अंडे | Fecundity | लार्वा
Oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Carlson, B.A., J.E. Randall and M.N. Dawson, 2008. A new species of Epibulus (Perciformes: Labridae) from the West Pacific. Copeia 2008(2):476-483. (Ref. 75789)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
आम नामउपशब्दचपायचयपरभक्षीईकोटोकसीकोलौजीपुनरुत्पत्तिपरिपक्व अवधिमछलीऔ का अंडे देनाSpawning aggregationFecundityअंडेEgg development
Age/Sizeबाढ़Length-weightLength-lengthLength-frequenciesमौरफोमैटरिक्सआकृति विज्ञानलार्वालारवल गतिकीभर्तीबहुतायत
संदर्भजलीयकृषिजलीयकृषि रूपरेखाखींचआनुवंशिकीऐल्लि आवृतियाँहैरेटिबिलटीबीमारीप्रक्रमणMass conversion
सहयोगीयोतस्वीरेStamps, Coins Misc.ध्वनिसिगुयटिरारफ्तारतैरने के प्रकारगिल क्षेत्रOtolithsदिमागदृष्टि
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 28.6 - 29.4, mean 28.9 (based on 600 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
लौटाव (Ref. 120179
): माध्यम, न्यूनतम जनसंख्या दुगनी होने का समय 1.4 - 4.4 वर्ष। (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .