Bathytoshia brevicaudata, Short-tail stingray : gamefish

Bathytoshia brevicaudata (Hutton, 1875)

Short-tail stingray
إضافة ملاحظاتك Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Bathytoshia brevicaudata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
ارفع صور و مقاطع فيديو
Pictures | Videos |     صور قوقل
Image of Bathytoshia brevicaudata (Short-tail stingray)
Bathytoshia brevicaudata
Picture by Danna, P.

التصنيف / Names الأسماء الشائعة | مرادفات | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

أشلاق (القروش و الشفانين) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays) > Dasyatinae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range البيئة

; بحري; مياه مخلوطة القاع; نطاق العمق 0 - 476 m (Ref. 5578), usually 0 - 200 m (Ref. 89422).   Temperate

التوزيع دول | مناطق الفاو | النظام البيئي | الظهور | Point map | مقدمة | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: antitropical; from southern Africa to New Zealand, and off Japan and Peter the Great Bay (eastern Russia).

Length at first maturity / الحجم / وزن / العمر

Maturity: Lm ?, range 120 - ? cm
Max length : 430 cm TL ذكر/ مختلط الجنس; (Ref. 5578); common length : 125 cm TL ذكر/ مختلط الجنس; (Ref. 9258)

وصف مختصر الوصف الخارجي | قياسات المظهر الخارجي

الأشواك الظهرية (المجموع): 0; الأشعة الظهرية الناعمة (المجموع): 0. This species is huge, plain-coloured, with a disc broad and rhombic, belly with transverse groove, tail short tapering strongly before caudal sting, thorns when present are confined to tail before sting, pectoral fin with an oblique rows of white spots dorsally; disc width ca. 1.1-1.2 times its length, very thick trunk; narrowly-rounded pectoral-fin apex; short snout, obtuse with tip barely extended and anterior margins weakly convex; small eyes with orbit length and spiracle 2.0-2.2 in snout length; broad interorbital space, up to 4 times orbit length in adults; mouth often with 5-7 oral papillae, deep labial furrows, weakly convex lower jaw; very broadly skirt-shaped nasal curtain, its margin fringed; oblique oval nostrils; smooth skin, no derml denticles, with specimens > 45 cm WD having a row of spear-shaped or starry-based thorns and tubercles on mid-line of tail before the caudal sting and the tail beyond this is covered with sharp thornlets; very broad tail depressed at the base, often shorter that width disc, often with one caudal sting, its ventral fold is short but prominent (extending to just beyond tip of sting), its dorsal fold reduced to a hard ridge; pelvic fins are rather small with narrowly-rounded apices. Colour of upper surface uniformly greyish brown and darkest on tail tip and above the eye; white inside of spiracles, pores around side of head and diagonal row of pores on each side of anterior disc; white ventrally; disc margin and undersurface of tail dusky (Ref. 114953).

أحياء     المصطلحات (على سبيل المثال epibenthic)

Occurs offshore, on the outer shelf and uppermost slope; sometimes close inshore (Ref. 5578), in very shallow ( 0 m) depths (Ref. 26346). Found on sandy bottoms, in bays, harbors, and near rocky reefs (Ref. 12951). Often in aggregations (Ref. 12951). Feeds on fishes, bivalves, squid, and crustaceans (Ref. 12951). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Reputed to be the largest stingray in the world weighing more than 350,000 g (Ref. 6871). Frequently raises its tail in a scorpion-like fashion when approached, but is considered more as inquisitive rather than aggressive (Ref. 6871). The barbed tail however can inflict a severe or potentially fatal wound (Ref. 6871). Sometimes caught by anglers (Ref. 5578).

Life cycle and mating behavior النضج | التكاثر | وضع البيض | بيض | الخصوبة | Larvae

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205). During courtship, the male will hold onto the pectoral margin of a female (sometimes for hours) as she swims through the water. The male flips under the female and inserts a clasper. The male beats his tail from side to side to move the clasper backward and forward in the cloca. Copulation lasts 3-5 minutes. Males have been observed to nudge the female's abdomen during parturition. Viviparous, young born at about 36 cm WD (Ref. 6871).

المرجع الرئيسي Upload your references | مراجع | المنظم : McEachran, John | المتعاونين

Last, P.R., W.T. White, M.R. de Carvalho, B. Séret, M.F.W. Stehmann and G.J.P. Naylor, 2016. Rays of the world. CSIRO Publishing, Comstock Publishing Associates. i-ix + 1-790. (Ref. 114953)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 17 February 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر للأنسان

  Venomous (Ref. 4716)





استخدامات بشرية

لعبة سمكه: نعم
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

مزيد من المعلومات

دول
مناطق الفاو
النظام البيئي
الظهور
مقدمة
Stocks
البيئة
التغذية
عناصر الغذاء
استهلاك الأغذية
Ration
الأسماء الشائعة
مرادفات
الأيض
مفتريسات
علم السميات البيئية
التكاثر
النضج
وضع البيض
تجمعات وضع البيض
الخصوبة
بيض
تطور البيضة
العمر/ الحجم
نمو
الطول-الوزن
الطول-الطول
الطول- الترددات
قياسات المظهر الخارجي
الوصف الخارجي
Larvae
حركة انتقال اليرقات
توظيف
الوفرة
مراجع
الأستزراع المائي
ملف الأستزراع المائي
سلالات
جيني
تواتر الأليل
التوريث
الأمراض
معالجة
Mass conversion
المتعاونين
صور
Stamps, Coins Misc.
اصوات
التسمم باكل السمك
سرعة
نوع السباحة
منطقة الخياشيم
عظمة الأذن
دماغ
رؤية

أدوات

تقارير خاصة

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مصادر علي الأنترنت

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 14.6 - 28.5, mean 24.1 °C (based on 2002 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00676 (0.00282 - 0.01623), b=3.07 (2.87 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
مستوى غذائي (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.51 se; based on food items.
المرونه (Ref. 120179):  منخفظ جدا, الحد الزمني الأدني لتضاعف عدد أفراد المجتمع أكثر من 14 سنة ().
عرضة للخطر (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (87 of 100) .