Rhinobatos penggali Last, White & Fahmi, 2006

Indonesian shovelnose ray
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Rhinobatos penggali
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Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (hajar och rockor) (sharks and rays) > Rhinopristiformes (Shovelnose rays) > Rhinobatidae (Guitarfishes) > Rhinobatinae
Etymology: Rhinobatos: Greek, rhinos = nose + Greek, batis, -idos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335);  penggali: Name from the Indonesian word 'penggali', meaning shovel; refers to the common name used to describe the shape of the head in this groups of rays.  More on authors: Last, White & Fahmi.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina bentopelagisk.   Tropical; 8°S - 10°S, 105°E - 116°E (Ref. 114953)

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: endemic to central Indonesia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 75 - 96 cm
Max length : 86.4 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 72461); 99.2 cm TL (female)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

This species is distinguished by the following set of adult characters: disc broadly wedge-shaped, width 36-37% TL, length less than 1.3 (1.20-1.27) times width; snout moderately elongate, length 3-3.2 times interspiracular distance, 4-4.5 times interorbital width; orbit medium-sized, 1.4-1.6 times spiracle length; nostrils weakly oblique, length 1.3-1.4 times internarial distance; preoral length 6.9-7.1 times internarial distance; anterior nasal flaps penetrating slightly into internarial space, well separated at their insertion; posterior nasal flaps broad; two spiracular folds, outermost fold about twice height of inner fold; ridges of rostral cartilage almost parallel, converging slightly anteriorly, not constricted medially; anterior cartilage narrow, subtruncate to bilobed posteriorly; distance between fifth gill slits 2.6-3 times in ventral head length; prebranchial sensory pore patch distinct, extending to first gill slit; postscapular sensory canal obscure, exposed lateral pores absent, not grooved; thorn patches on supraorbit, scapular region, dorsal midline, small but distinct; pelvic-fin inner margin slightly shorter than its base; interdorsal distance more than 2.5 (2.7-2.9) times first dorsal-fin base; dorsal caudal margin 2.1-2.6 times preventral margin; upper teeth in 75-83 rows; post-synarcual centra 166-170; nasal lamellae more than 50 (53-57); dorsal fin obviously bicolored; dorsal disc with white spots (sometimes faint) (Ref. 72461).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Demersal inshore on inner insular shelf. Feeds on small crustaceans and probably small bony fishes. Males mature at 70-72 cm TL, females at 75 cm TL. Females have litters of 4-13 pups (Ref. 114953). Caught by fisherman using small demersal gill and trammel nets, and small demersal longlines (Ref. 72461).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : McEachran, John | Medarbetare

Last, P.R., W.T. White and Fahmi, 2006. Rhinobatos jimbaranensis and R. penggali, two new shovelnose rays (Batoidea: Rhinobatidae) from eastern Indonesia. Cybium 30(3):261-271. (Ref. 72461)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Sårbar, se IUCNs rödlista (VU) (A2cd+3cd+4cd); Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

Länder
FAO områden
Ekosystem
Förekomster
Utplanteringar
Stocks
Ekologi
Föda
Födoslag
Födointag
Näringsinnehåll
Populärnamn
synonymer
Metabolik
Predatorer
Ekotoxikologi
Reproduktion
Könsmognad
Lek
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
Age/Size
Tillväxt
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometri
Morfologi
Larver
Larvdynamik
Rekrytering
Abundans
referenser
Vattenbruk
Vattenbruksprofil
Avelslinjer
Genetik
Allelfrekvenser
Ärftlighet
Sjukdomar
Behandling
Mass conversion
Medarbetare
Bilder
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Ljud
Ciguatera
Hastighet
Simsätt
Gälyta
Otoliths
Hjärnstorlek
Syn

Verktyg

Special reports

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Internet-källor

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, sök) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00324 (0.00163 - 0.00643), b=3.11 (2.93 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Låg, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 4,5-14 år (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (55 of 100) .