Ventichthys biospeedoi Nielsen, Møller & Segonzac, 2006

East-Pacific ventbrotula
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Image of Ventichthys biospeedoi (East-Pacific ventbrotula)
Ventichthys biospeedoi
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Ophidiiformes (Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae (Cusk-eels) > Neobythitinae
Etymology: Ventichthys: The word 'vent' refers to the hydrothermal vent and 'ichthys' to fish.;  biospeedoi: Named for the BIOSPEEDO expedition.  More on authors: Nielsen, Møller & Segonzac.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien bathydemersaal; diepteverspreiding ? - 2586 m (Ref. 57890).   Deep-water

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Southeast Pacific: Southeast Pacific Rise on hydrothermal vent site Oasis (17°25.38’S, 113°12.29’W, 2586 m) and observed on three additional sites, Yaquina (7º25’S, 107º48’W, 2750 m), Hobbs (17º35’S, 113º15’W, 2595 m) and Gromit (21º34’S, 114º18’W, 2840 m ).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.2 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 57890)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 80-89; Anale zachte stralen: 64 - 72; Wervels: 52 - 53. The species has a robust body; very small, overlapping scales on head and body; thick skin; posteriorly placed, enlarged kidneys; 4 lateral lines; dorsal fin origin above tip of pectorals; base of pelvic fin below hind margin of opercle; head broad with a blunt snout; strong opercular spine covered by thick skin; upper jaw ends just behind eye; teeth granular, one median basibranchial tooth patch; anterior gill arch with 10-11 long rakers; number of rays in dorsal fin 80-89, caudal fin 8, anal fin 64-72, pelvic fin 2, pectoral fin 24-25; number of vertebrae 16-17 + 36 (in total 52-53).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

The holotype, a male with spindle-formed, unripe testes, does not contain any identifiable stomach contents while the paratype was eviscerated only leaving the strangely formed kidneys which may be an adaptation to the special conditions near the vents. The capture of the two specimens using baited trap indicates a necrophagous diet; specimens grazing on the bottom. The poorly developed teeth and the presence of 10-11 long gill rakers on the anterior arch indicate that it preys upon rather small food-items. The thick skin could be an adaptation to endure the high temperatures in the hydrothermal vent area. The same condition is found in another vent-fish Thermichthys hollisi. The presence of a male without an intromittant organ shows that it is oviparous. The vent site Oasis is composed of active black smokers covered with the tubeworm polychaete Alvinellaspp., large patches of mussels, clams and stalked cirripeds. A milky fluid diffuses from crevices and collapsed lava lakes, with clouds of swimming amphipods. The two specimens were collected next to such a hole surrounded by the mytilid mussel Bathymodiolus thermophilus Kenk & Wilson, 1985, the clam Calyptogena magnifica Boss & Turner, 1980, the stalked barnacle Neolepas cf. zevinae Newman, 1979, actinostolid sea-anemones (Chondrophellia-like), the bythograeid crab Bythograea thermydron Williams, 1980, the galatheid crab Munidopsis sp. And a recently described nematocarcinid shrimp, Nematocarcinus burukowskyi Komai & Segonzac, 2005. Other fish occur in this environment such as the synaphobranchid Ilyophis saldanhai Karmovskaya & Parin, 1999, the bythitid Thermichthys hollisi (Cohen et al., 1990) and an unidentified hagfish. Additional specimens were observed at other sites (Yaquina, Hobbs, and Gromit), between 2585 and 2840 m , at places with sometimes 10 or more individuals swimming in the shimmering vent fluids with temperatures between 2 and 7°C (Ref. 57890). Eggs may be oval and pelagic which may float in a gelatinous mass (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Nielsen, J.G., P.R. Møller and M. Segonzac, 2006. Ventichthys biospeedoi n. gen. et sp. (Teleostei, Ophidiidae) from a hydrothermal vent in the South East Pacific. Zootaxa 1247:13-24. (Ref. 57890)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .