Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Danioninae
Etymology: Paedocypris: Name from the Greek words 'Paideios' meaning children and 'Cypris' for Venus,
common suffix for cyprinid genera; gender feminine.; micromegethes: Micromegethes (Greek), small in size; a noun in apposition. More on authors: Kottelat, Britz, Tan & Witte.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Southeast Asia: Malaysia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56152); 1.1 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Paedocypris progenetica is distinguished from Paedocypris micromegethes by: a smaller maximum size (male 9.8mm, versus 11.6; female 10.3mm, versus 11.4), keratinized pad in front of male pelvic fins as a projecting knob (versus flat to slightly swollen), breeding tubercles on the dentary arranged in a straight row, without forming a cluster (versus forming a cluster of up to five closely set individual tubercles, subdistally on the lateral side of the dentary, supported by a conspicuous lateral bony extension), pelvic fins of female vestigial, or often missing (versus smaller than in male but similarly shaped), presence of pre-anal-fin-fold in female (a character unique among teleosts; versus absent in both sexes), dense small chromatophores in deep layer on abdomen appearing as a continuous patch, tiny black vermiculations on belly from throat to anus, including on male's pre-pelvic keratinized knob (versus large superficial, isolated chromatophores on belly from throat to anus, absent on male's keratinized pad), numerous small, contiguous chromatophores on middorsal line, organized in 3-5 rows, forming a broad stripe (versus few large isolated chromatophores, forming 1-3 irregular rows), pelvic-fin rays plain brown (versus with rows of spots).
Recorded from peat swamps (Ref. 84801).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., R. Britz, H.H. Tan and K.-E. Witte, 2005. Paedocypris, a new genus of Southeast Asian cyprinid fish with a remarkable sexual dimorphism, comprises the world's smallest vertebrate. Proc. Royal Soc. Biol. Sci. 273:895-899. (Ref. 56152)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
Vulnerable (VU) (B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv)); Date assessed: 29 January 2019
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00289 - 0.01993), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .