Synanceia verrucosa, Stonefish : fisheries, aquarium

Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Stonefish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Synanceia verrucosa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Synanceia verrucosa (Stonefish)
Synanceia verrucosa
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Synanceiidae (Stonefishes) > Synanceiinae
Etymology: Synanceia: Greek, syn = as a whole + Greek, aggeion = vein.  More on authors: Bloch & Schneider.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser riff-verbunden; standorttreu; tiefenbereich 0 - 30 m (Ref. 37816).   Tropical; 30°N - 30°S, 30°E - 139°W

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to French Polynesia, north to the Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to Queensland, Australia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?, range 24 - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3503); common length : 27.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 5450); max. veröff. Gewicht: 2.4 kg (Ref. 11441)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 12 - 14; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 5-7; Afterflossenstacheln 3; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 5 - 6. Colors matching surroundings and extremely well-camouflaged (Ref. 48635). Pelvic and anal fins spines are similarly developed. 12-14 stout grooved spines, each with a large venom sack at its base (Ref. 37816).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Most widespread stonefish (Ref. 4313). Found on sandy or rubble areas of reef flats and shallow lagoons and in small pools during low tide well camouflaged among the substrate and sometimes even covered with algae (Ref. 5213, 5503). Solitary species (Ref. 37816). Feeds on fishes and crustaceans. The dorsal fin has 2 grooves serving as seringes of venom; their stings are excruciatingly painful and can occasionally be fatal. A serum exists which is effective if applied immediately after the infliction. World's most venomous fish (Ref. 37816). Uncommon in markets. In Hong Kong live fish markets (Ref. 27253). Also Ref. 57406.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Poss, S.G. and K.V. Rama Rao, 1984. Scorpaenidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Vol. 4. FAO, Rome. pag. var. (Ref. 3503)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 June 2017

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Venomous (Ref. 4690)





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell; Aquarium: Kommerziell
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mehr Information

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Metabolismus
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Ökotoxikologie
Fortpflanzung
Geschlechtsreife
Ablaichen
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eier
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.9 - 29.3, mean 28.3 (based on 3300 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.73 se; Based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  niedrig, Verdopplung der Population dauert 4,5 - 14 Jahre. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (58 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.