Thryssa baelama, Baelama anchovy : fisheries, bait

Thryssa baelama (Forsskål, 1775)

Baelama anchovy
Beobachtung melden im Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Thryssa baelama   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Hochladen Photos und videos
Pictures | Google Bild
Image of Thryssa baelama (Baelama anchovy)
Thryssa baelama
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) > Coiliinae
Etymology: Thryssa: Greek, thrissa, -es = shad (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Forsskål.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser pelagisch; tiefenbereich 0 - 50 m (Ref. 82332).   Tropical; 31°N - 25°S, 30°E - 172°W (Ref. 189)

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: widespread in Indian Ocean, including Red Sea, coasts of East Africa to Madagascar and Mauritius, Sri Lanka and Andaman Islands, but no Indian specimens known (Ref. 189); and in western central Pacific, including Indonesia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, northern and eastern coasts of Australia, and eastward to Tonga (Ref. 189). No records are known from South China Sea or to the north, but the Ogasawara, Bonin Islands, record seems reliable (Ref. 189). Its occurrence in Thailand (Ref. 1632) needs confirmation.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 54980); common length : 10.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 5450)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 0; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 14-16; Afterflossenstacheln 0; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 29 - 34. Diagnosis: Body not strongly compressed, belly rounded before pelvic fins, with 4-9 pre-pelvic and 7-10 post-pelvic scutes, the pre-pelvic scutes ending below the pectoral fin base or behind it; in total 12-18 keeled scutes; maxilla short, reaching to just beyond front border of pre-operculum, tip pointed; gillrakers 18 to 26 (Ref. 189). It closely resembles Thryssa encrasicholoides, which has 1 or 2 small but armless keeled scutes immediately behind the isthmus, also maxilla tip blunter; other species of Thryssa have a complete series of pre-pelvic scutes from isthmus to pelvic fin base; Stolephorus species lack post-pelvic scutes; and Lycothrissa has canine teeth (Ref. 189).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Marine, pelagic and presumably schooling (Ref. 189, 1602, 5213), at depths of 0-50m (Ref. 82332). Found mostly inshore in bays, lagoons, harbours, mangrove pools and estuaries, thus apparently able to tolerate lowered salinities (Ref. 189, 30573). It contributes to general clupeoid catches, but no special fishery (Ref. 189). Used as a baitfish in Pacific Ocean (Ref. 189).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 123251)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 06 March 2017

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell; Köder: usually
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mehr Information

Länder
FAO Gebiete
Ecosystems
Vorkommen
Einführungen
Stocks
Ökologie
Nahrung
Nahrungsorganismen
Nahrungsaufnahme
Nahrungsmenge
Namen
Synonyme
Metabolismus
Räuber
Ökotoxikologie
Fortpflanzung
Geschlechtsreife
Ablaichen
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eier
Eientwicklung
Alter/Größe
Wachstum
Länge-Gewicht
Länge-Länge
Längenhäufigkeiten
Morphometrie
Morphologie
Larven
Larven Pop.Dyn.
Rekrutierung
Dichte
Referenzen
Aquakultur
Aquakultur Profil
Zuchtlinien
Genetik
Allel-Häufigkeiten
Vererbbarkeit
Krankheiten
Verarbeitung
Mass conversion
Partner
Bilder
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Laute
Ciguatera
Geschwindigkeit
Schwimmstil
Kiemenoberfläche
Otoliths
Gehirngröße
Sehfähigkeit

Tools

Zusatzinformationen

Download XML

Internet Quellen

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.9 - 29.1, mean 28.2 °C (based on 1158 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00356 - 0.01119), b=3.20 (3.05 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.26 se; based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Medium.