Iniistius pavo (Valenciennes, 1840)

Peacock wrasse
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Iniistius pavo   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Xyrichtyinae
Etymology: Iniistius: Latin, in = in + Greek, istion = sail.  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 1 - 100 m (Ref. 1602), usually 20 - ? m (Ref. 9710).   Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 30°N - 30°S

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Society Islands, north to southern Japan and Hawaii, south to the Lord Howe Island. Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Panama and the Galapagos Islands (Ref. 5227).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 42.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 97145)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 9; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 12-13; Anale stekels 3; Anale zachte stralen: 12 - 13. Identified by the dark vertical bar below the eye. Usually with 5 dark bars when adult and belly of female turns red. Juveniles with black anal fin and two large ocelli, thinly edged with white, in dorsal fin (Ref. 48636). First two dorsal spines form a separate fin. Juveniles this fin forms a long, bannerlike filament but shortens with age (Ref. 37816).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Usually solitary in lagoon and seaward reef areas with fine to loose, coarse sand bottoms (Ref. 1602). Juveniles sometimes in shallow estuaries (Ref. 48636). Adults rare in less than 20 m (Ref. 9710). Benthic and benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Dives into sand to sleep safely at night or to hide when alarmed (Ref. 9311, 90102). Feed on hard-shelled invertebrates, including mollusks and crustaceans (Ref. 9311). Juveniles mimic drifting dead leaves by holding the elongate detached front part of dorsal fin forward over head. Good to eat, flesh very white (Ref. 7364). Minimum depth reported from Ref. 27115.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Westneat, Mark | Medewerkers

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 25 March 2009

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless (Ref. 4887)





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.2 - 29, mean 27.8 (based on 1216 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.46 se; Based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Very high.