Barbus meridionalis Risso, 1827

Mediterranean barbel
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Barbus meridionalis
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Barbinae
Etymology: Barbus: Latin, barbus = barbel (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Risso.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 底中水层性.   溫帶; 5°C - 25°C (Ref. 12468); 53°N - 36°N, 10°W - 29°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Europe: rivers draining to Mediterranean from Besos (near Barcelona, northeastern Spain) to Var (at Nice, southeastern France) drainages, including Rhône as far uprivers as Lyon; some headwaters of Garonne basin in Ariège, Tarn and Aveyron (France), apparently native in most, but introduced in at least some upper Tarn localities (Ref. 59043). Barbus meridionalis graellsii found in southern France and central and northern Spain (now recognized as species (Ref. 13696)). The Italian populations now recognized as Barbus caninus (Ref. 13696). Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna).
歐洲: 法國與西班牙的邊緣在那在東部中西至羅馬尼亞,烏克蘭與波蘭。 亞種辨認出:(參考文獻 683) Barbus meridionalis graellsii 發現於法國南部與西班牙中部與北部了。 (現在被鑑定為種 (參考文獻 13696)) 義大利族群現在被鑑定為 小犬魮〔Barbus caninus〕 。 (參考文獻 13696) 伯恩公約的附錄 3(受保育的動物群).

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 27718); 25.3 cm FL (female); common length : 20.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 556); 最大体重: 200.00 g (Ref. 30578)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 3 - 4; 背的软条 (总数): 7-9; 臀棘 2-3; 臀鳍软条: 5 - 6; 脊椎骨: 34 - 35. Diagnosed from other species of Barbus and Luciobarbus in Apennine and Iberian Peninsulas and southern France by the following characters: 44-48 +2 scales on lateral line; 24-28 scale rows around caudal peduncle; head, back, sides and fins with large, irregular black dots; last simple dorsal ray not spinous, flexible, not serrated posteriorly; lower lip thick, with a median swollen pad (Ref. 59043). Caudal fin with 16-19 rays (Ref. 2196).
尾鳍有 16-19个鳍条。 (参考文献 2196)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits upper and middle stretches of streams with fast, clear and well oxygenated water, as well as lowland areas where Barbus barbus is absent (Ref. 59043). A short-lived species which is found in clear waters over sand and gravel. Feeds on small invertebrates and (rarely) plants. A combative fish which can be captured with bows or floating ling lines (Ref. 30578). Threatened due to water abstraction and pollution (Ref. 26100) and habitat modification (Ref. 59043). In southern France, locally forms partly fertile hybrids with B. barbus. Attains a maximum size of about 27 cm SL (Ref. 59043).

一种生命期短的种是发现于在沙与碎石上的清澈水域。 吃小型无脊椎动物与 (很少地) 植物。 能被用弓或漂浮鳕线捕获的一个好战的鱼.(参考文献 30578) 繁殖发生从三月到六月。 受到威胁的由于水资源减少与污染.(参考文献 26100)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

歐洲: 法國與西班牙的邊緣在那在東部中西至羅馬尼亞,烏克蘭與波蘭。 亞種辨認出:(參考文獻 683) Barbus meridionalis graellsii 發現於法國南部與西班牙中部與北部了。 (現在被鑑定為種 (參考文獻 13696)) 義大利族群現在被鑑定為 小犬魮〔Barbus caninus〕 。 (參考文獻 13696) 伯恩公約的附錄 3(受保育的動物群).

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  临近濒危 (NT) ; Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 自给性渔业; 游钓鱼种: 是的
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FishSource |

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俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
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孕卵数

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00702 - 0.01878), b=2.98 (2.85 - 3.11), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.36 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (K=0.14; Fec=669).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.