Hippoglossus stenolepis Schmidt, 1904

Pacific halibut
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Image of Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)
Hippoglossus stenolepis
Picture by Archipelago Marine Research Ltd.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae (Righteye flounders) > Pleuronectinae
Etymology: Hippoglossus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335);  stenolepis: From the Greek hippos (horse), glossa (tounge), steno (narrow), lepis, (scale). In 1904, a Russian scientist by the name of P.J. Schmidt first proposed the scientific name based on anatomical differences such as scale shape, pectoral fin length, and body shape which he thought distinguished it from the Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus). (Ref. 94075).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien demersaal; oceanodroom (Ref. 51243); diepteverspreiding 0 - 1200 m (Ref. 50550).   Temperate; 73°N - 42°N, 138°E - 123°W (Ref. 54557)

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

North Pacific: Hokkaido, Japan and the Sea of Okhotsk to the southern Chukchi Sea and Point Camalu, Baja California, Mexico.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 258 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 40637); 267.0 cm TL (female); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 363.0 kg (Ref. ); Maximaal vermelde leeftijd: 55 jaren (Ref. 55701)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 0; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 90-106; Anale stekels 0; Anale zachte stralen: 69 - 80; Wervels: 49 - 51. Dorsal origin above anterior part of pupil in upper eye, generally low, higher in middle. Caudal spread and slightly lunate. Pectorals small.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Found on various types of bottoms (Ref. 2850). Young are found near shore, moving out to deeper waters as they grow older (Ref. 6885). Older individuals typically move from deeper water along the edge of the continental shelf where they spend the winter, to shallow coastal water (27-274 m) for the summer (Ref. 28499). Feed on fishes, crabs, clams, squids, and other invertebrates (Ref. 6885). Utilized fresh, dried or salted, smoked and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Amaoka, Kunio | Medewerkers

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: van groot commercieel belang; vis voor de hengelsport: ja; Aquarium: Publieke aquaria
FAO(Visserij: production, soortsprofiel; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.3 - 5.7, mean 1.6 (based on 454 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00449 - 0.01169), b=3.10 (2.96 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 4,5-14 jaar (rm=0.2; K=0.05; tm=5-20; tmax=55).
Prior r = 0.11, 95% CL = 0.06 - 0.18, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (86 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Very high.