Anabas testudineus (Bloch, 1792)

Climbing perch
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Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Anabantidae (Climbing gouramies) 攀鱸科 (Climbing gouramies)
Etymology: Anabas: Greek, anabasis = climbing up (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水; 半鹹淡水 居於水底的; 河川洄游 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 0 - ? m (Ref. 4833).   熱帶; 22°C - 30°C (Ref. 1672); 28°N - 10°S

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Asia: India to Wallace line including China. May have been distributed in more areas than were commonly reported.
亞洲: 印度到華萊士線包括中國。 可能是分佈於更多的區域超過通常被報告。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 4833); common length : 12.5 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 2686)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 16 - 20; 背的軟條 (總數): 7-10; 臀棘 9-11; 臀鰭軟條: 8 - 11. Color in life dark to pale greenish, very pale below, back dusky to olive; head with longitudinal stripes ventrally; posterior margin of opercle with a dark spot; iris golden reddish. Body form variable, affected by age and amount of food consumed. Scaled head with 4-5 rows between eye and rear margin of preoperculum. Scales large and regularly arranged, ciliate.
顏色活著時黑的到灰白的呈綠色的﹐非常腹面灰白的, 背面暗色的到橄欖色; 腹地頭部有縱向的斑紋; 後緣鰓蓋有一個深色斑點; 虹膜金的淡紅。 體型可變的, 藉著年齡與被消費的食物的數量影響。 有鱗的頭部有在眼與前鰓蓋骨的後面邊緣之間的 4-5 列。 鱗片大的而且規則排列的, 纖毛蟲。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found mostly in canals, lakes, ponds, swamps and estuaries (Ref. 41236, 57235). Adults occur in medium to large rivers, brooks, flooded fields and stagnant water bodies including sluggish flowing canals (Ref. 12975). Often found in areas with dense vegetation (Ref. 12693). Can tolerate extremely unfavorable water conditions and is associated mainly with turbid, stagnant waters (Ref. 6028). They remain buried under the mud during dry season (Ref. 1479). Feed on macrophytic vegetation, shrimps and fish fry (Ref. 6028). Reported to undertake lateral migration from the Mekong mainstream, or other permanent water bodies, to flooded areas during the flood season and return to the permanent water bodies at the onset of the dry season (Ref. 37770). During the dry season, they stay in pools associated with submerged woods and shrubs (Ref. 37770). Posses an accessory air-breathing organ (Ref. 2847). Able to survive for several days or weeks out of water if the air breathing organs can be kept moist (Ref. 1479). Quite famous for its ability to walk; important food fish in SE Asia, considered as a tasty food fish (Ref. 6565) but not of the finest quality since it is bony (Ref. 2686). Usually sold live in markets where it is kept alive for several days by keeping it moist (Ref. 12693). Economic foodfish in the Southeast Asia (Ref. 57235).

大部分發現於管,湖,池塘,沼澤與河口了。 (參考文獻 41236) 出現於包括滯流的管的中型到大型河川,小溪,被水淹沒的田野與污濁的水體。 (參考文獻 12975) 用茂密的植物時常發現於區域。 (參考文獻 12693) 能容忍非常不宜的水環境而且主要地被混濁又污濁的水域聯合。 (參考文獻 6028) 殘餘物在乾季的時候埋藏在泥下面了。 (參考文獻 1479) 吃大型植物,蝦與魚苗。 (參考文獻 6028) 報告在洪水季節的時候進行對洪泛區的橫向遷移從湄公河主流, 或其他的永久性水體而且回到永久性水體在乾季的開始.(參考文獻 37770) 在乾季的時候,它停留在伴隨著水下的森林與矮樹的水池中。 (參考文獻 37770) 持有一個附屬的呼吸空氣的器官。 (參考文獻 2847) 能存活長達好幾天或好幾星期離開水面如果空氣呼吸器官能保持潮溼.(參考文獻 1479) 魚出名的能夠步行; 在東南亞的重要食用魚, 被認為是一個好吃的食用魚 (參考文獻 6565)了,但是不最好的品質,由於它是多骨的。 (參考文獻 2686) 通常活體販賣在市場中在那裡它被保持存活長達好幾天藉由保持它潮溼.(參考文獻 12693)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Guards eggs at the surface of hypoxic waters (Ref. 7471).亞洲: 印度到華萊士線包括中國。 可能是分佈於更多的區域超過通常被報告。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Volume 2. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. (Ref. 4833)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  資料不足 (DD) ; Date assessed: 01 October 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 商業性; 養殖: 商業性; 水族館: 商業性
FAO(養殖: 產生; 漁業: 產生; publication : search) | FishSource |

更多資訊

年龄/大小
成長
長度-重量
長度-長度
長度-頻率
形態測量圖
型態特徵
仔魚
稚魚動力學
入添量
豐度
參考文獻
養殖
養殖資訊
品種
遺傳學
基因序列
遺傳率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
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聲音
神經毒
速度
泳型
鰓區
Otoliths
腦重體重比
眼睛色素

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網路資源

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因組, 核甘) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 國家資料庫 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia(, 搜尋) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 動物學的記錄

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02455 (0.01747 - 0.03448), b=2.94 (2.84 - 3.04), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Assuming tm=1; K=1.4; Fec=40,000-80,000).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.